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  1. Despite its special importance among different age groups, the middle-aged male group has often been neglected in the Iranian health system. The aim of this study was to examine, from the perspective of primar...

    Authors: Nayeb Fadaei Dehcheshmeh, Seyed Mehdi Emamian Fard, Tayebeh Roghani, Parvin Mohammadi and Farzad Faraji-Khiavi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:318
  2. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 I) has cardiorenal protective properties and are recommended for patients with diabetes and established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and/or c...

    Authors: Ngai Mui Ng, Yeung Shing Ng, Tsun Kit Chu and Phyllis Lau
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:317
  3. Providing medical care to newly arrived migrants presents multiple challenges. A major challenge is a lack of a common language in the absence of language interpretation services. We examine the multilingualis...

    Authors: Frank Müller, Harland Holman, Eva Hummers, Dominik Schröder and Eva Maria Noack
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:315
  4. Guidelines recommend to prescribe a laxative with an opioid to prevent constipation. We aimed to determine the adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to this recommendation and to explore which GP- and patie...

    Authors: Karin Hek, Fouzia Lghoul-Oulad Saïd, Joke C. Korevaar, Linda E. Flinterman, Liset van Dijk and Patricia M. L. A. van den Bemt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:312
  5. Recruitment of sufficient participants for clinical trials remains challenging. Primary care is an important avenue for patient recruitment but is underutilized. We developed and pilot tested a questionnaire t...

    Authors: Morgan M. Millar, Teresa Taft and Charlene R. Weir
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:311
  6. Primary healthcare (PHC) providers are widely acknowledged for putting the most efficient and long-lasting efforts for addressing community health issues and promoting health equity. This study aimed to explor...

    Authors: Lusine Aslanyan, Zaruhi Arakelyan, Astghik Atanyan, Arpine Abrahamyan, Manya Karapetyan and Serine Sahakyan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:310
  7. The interdisciplinary research training group (POKAL) aims to improve care for patients with depression and multimorbidity in primary care.

    Authors: J Gensichen, K Lukaschek, C Jung-Sievers, P Falkai, A Schmitt, P Henningsen, T Dreischulte, G Pitschel-Walz, H Krcmar, M Böhm, B Prommegger, K Linde, A Drescher, P Schönweger, C Haas, C Brand…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:309
  8. The coronavirus pandemic poses many challenges for medical personnel. During the first phase of the pandemic, psychological stress became increasingly apparent. This was a complex and difficult situation, espe...

    Authors: Anna-Maria von Oltersdorff-Kalettka, Janina Meinel, Karen Voigt, Thomas Mundt, Markus Bleckwenn, Antje Bergmann and Mandy Gottschall
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:308
  9. More and more patients need complex care, especially the elderly. For various reasons, this is becoming increasingly difficult. The onus is essentially on family physicians to provide this care and family medi...

    Authors: K. W.J. Koetsenruijter, W. Veldhuijzen, J. De Lepeleire, Y van Leeuwen, J. W.M. Muris and P. W. Teunissen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:307
  10. People with intellectual disability experience inadequate access to general practice and poorer health outcomes than the general population. While some access barriers have been identified for this population,...

    Authors: Bradley Shea, Jodie Bailie, Sally Hall Dykgraaf, Nicola Fortune, Nicholas Lennox and Ross Bailie
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:306
  11. The management of risk factors in patients with high cardiovascular risk and its effectiveness is of paramount importance. Over the last decade, several studies have examined the achievement of cardiovascular ...

    Authors: Zoltán Jancsó, Orsolya Csenteri, Gergő József Szőllősi, Péter Vajer and Péter Andréka
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:305
  12. For more than 20 years, and despite the development of new social networks, health forums have remained a privileged place for people to discuss health issues. This study investigates the motivations of partic...

    Authors: C. Blanc-Bisson, A.-L. Benazeth, V. Montané, C. Adam, P. Dzeraviashka and Y.-M. Vincent
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:304
  13. Blood pressure control is suboptimal in more than half of treated hypertensive patients. The purpose of this study was to assess perceived risk of high blood pressure sequelae and adherence to medications in k...

    Authors: Ramin Shiraly, Ali Khani Jeihooni and Rozita Bakhshizadeh Shirazi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:303
  14. Audit and Feedback (A&F), a strategy aimed at promoting modified practice through performance feedback, is a method to change provider behaviour and reduce unnecessary medical services. This study aims to asse...

    Authors: Alexander Singer, Leanne Kosowan, Elissa M. Abrams, Alan Katz, Lisa Lix, Katrina Leong and Allison Paige
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:302
  15. High-cost (HC) patients, defined as the small percentage of the population that accounts for a high proportion of health care expenditures, are a concern worldwide. Previous studies have found that the occurre...

    Authors: Zhong Li, Yixun Li, Ziqin Ding, Yunxi Tao, Liang Zhang and Ruibo He
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:301
  16. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated a rapid shift in primary health care from predominantly in-person to high volumes of virtual care. The pandemic afforded the opportunity to conduct a deep region...

    Authors: Bridget L. Ryan, Judith Belle Brown, Thomas R. Freeman, Lucie Richard, Moira Stewart, Leslie Meredith, Yun-Hee Choi, Jennifer Wei He, Sonny Cejic, Keith Thompson, Sonja Reichert, Salimah Z. Shariff, Richard Booth, Amanda L. Terry and Maria Mathews
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:300
  17. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), assessment of both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria are necessary for stratifying risk and determining the need for nephrology referral. The Kidney D...

    Authors: Chi D. Chu, Neil R. Powe, Michael G. Shlipak, Rebecca Scherzer, Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, Michelle M. Estrella and Delphine S. Tuot
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:299
  18. The current guidelines for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of hypertension recommend six types of non-pharmacological interventions: alcohol reduction, salt intake reduction, increased po...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Zeljko Pedisic and Maximilian de Courten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:298
  19. Sustained, routine care is vital to the health of people with HIV (PWH) and decreasing transmission of HIV. We evaluated whether the identification of PWH at-risk of falling out of care and prompts for outreac...

    Authors: Michael B. Wohlfeiler, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Laurence Brunet, Jennifer S. Fusco, Christine Uranaka, Quateka Cochran, Monica Palma, Tammeka Evans, Carl Millner and Gregory P. Fusco
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:297
  20. Benzydamine hydrochloride is a locally-acting Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) with combined local anesthetic and analgesic properties, indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain in acute sore th...

    Authors: Desiderio Passali, Veronica Barat, Olga Cadevall, Hugo Miguel Freire, Ignazio Grattagliano, Ioan Gutu, Ralph Mösges and Andrey Pavlysh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:296
  21. Little is known about the pattern and appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs).

    Authors: Khaoula Bel Haj Ali, Adel Sekma, Selma Messous, Imen Trabelsi, Jalel Ben Youssef, Hamida Maghraoui, Rabie Razgallah, Adel walha, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Kaouthar Beltaief, Zied Mezgar, Ahmed Coubantini, Wahid Bouida, Mohamed Amine Msolli, Riadh Boukef, Hamdi Boubaker…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:295
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a rapid shift to virtual care in primary care practices around the globe. There has been little focus on the experiences of interprofessional teams through the lens of primary ...

    Authors: Catherine Donnelly, Christine Mills, Sandeep Gill, Kavita Mehta and Rachelle Ashcroft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:294
  23. The rising prevalence of prediabetes increases the population risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Early identification by General Practitioners (GPs) provide...

    Authors: Andrew Leigh, Jennifer Hunter, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt and Eugen Molodysky
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:292
  24. Hypertension and diabetes are chronic noncommunicable diseases ranked among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in resource-limited settings. Interventions based on patient empowerment (PE) have been...

    Authors: Amélie Mogueo, Barthelemy Kuate Defo and Jean Claude Mbanya
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:291
  25. Family practice registered nurses co-managing patient care as healthcare professionals in interdisciplinary primary care teams have been shown to improve access, continuity of care, patient satisfaction, and c...

    Authors: Maria Mathews, Sarah Spencer, Lindsay Hedden, Julia Lukewich, Marie-Eve Poitras, Emily Gard Marshall, Judith Belle Brown, Shannon Sibbald and Alison A. Norful
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:290
  26. Remote consultations were common in general practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. This approach may have affected access to GP care for people with low socio-economic status: this group has a high prevalence ...

    Authors: S. Sana, J. Kollmann, T. Magnée, I. Merkelbach, S. Denktaş and P. L. Kocken
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:289
  27. The aging of the population has made the health problems of the elderly increasingly prominent, and their health needs are increasing. Existing studies on health resource integration approaches are mostly inco...

    Authors: Li Gao, Bing Wang, Xiaohong Yang, Yongliang Pan, Wenming Feng, Xuedan Pei, Yanfang Fan and Bing Liu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:288
  28. Antibiotic dispensing without prescription is a major determinant of the emergence of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) which has impact on population health and cost of healthcare delivery. This study used simul...

    Authors: Pendo M. Ndaki, Martha F. Mushi, Joseph R. Mwanga, Eveline T. Konje, Stella Mugassa, Msilikale W. Manyiri, Stanley M. Mwita, Nyanda E. Ntinginya, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Katherine Keenan, Wilber Sabiiti, Mike Kesby, Fernando Benitez-Paez, Alison Sandeman, Matthew T. G. Holden and Stephen E. Mshana
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:287
  29. Measuring and addressing the disparity between access to healthcare resources and underlying health needs of populations is a prominent focus in health policy development. More recently, the fair distribution ...

    Authors: Cristina Mannie, Stefan Strydom and Hadi Kharrazi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:286
  30. People post-stroke are at risk of not being able to participate in valued activities. It is important that rehabilitation professionals prepare people post-stroke for the transition home and provide needed sup...

    Authors: Dinja J. van der Veen, Sandra Jellema, Philip J. van der Wees, Maud J. L. Graff, Bert J. M. de Swart and Esther M. J. Steultjens
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:285
  31. Strongyloides stercoralis is widespread; however, there is limited information on its prevalence owing to laboratory underestimation and low clinical manifestations. The Baermann method and agar culture stand ou...

    Authors: Ivana Camacho-Alvarez, Elia M. Chavez-Mamani, Goyens Philippe, Jenny M. Luizaga-López, Mary Cruz Torrico, Laurent Gétaz and Frédérique Jacobs
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:284
  32. To promote improved coordination between general practice and hospital, the French clinical trial CREDO (“Concertation de REtour à DOmicile”) is testing an innovative experimental consultation for patients wit...

    Authors: Laëtitia Gimenez, Vladimir Druel, Anastasia Bonnet, Cyrille Delpierre, Pascale Grosclaude and Marie-Eve Rouge-Bugat
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:283
  33. To investigate the effects of intensive family-centered health education on the awareness rate, diagnosis, and treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD) in community families.

    Authors: Hao Wang, Shuchao Pan, Qiwu Xu and Ting Ding
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:282
  34. Cancer and dementia are common in older people and management of the conditions as comorbidities can be challenging, yet little is known about the size or characteristics of this group. We aimed to estimate th...

    Authors: Michelle Collinson, Ellen Mason, Rachael Kelley, Alys Griffiths, Laura Ashley, Ann Henry, Hayley Inman, Fiona Cowdell, June Hennell, Liz Jones, Maria Walsh, Margaret Ogden, Amanda Farrin and Claire Surr
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:281
  35. Older patients using antihypertensive medication may experience Adverse Drug Events (ADEs), and thus benefit from deprescribing. The lack of a practical protocol may hamper deprescribing. Therefore, we aimed t...

    Authors: Dimokrat Hassan, Jorie Versmissen, Karin Hek, Liset van Dijk and Patricia M. L. A. van den Bemt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:280
  36. In primary care, patients increasingly face difficult decisions related to complex care needs (multimorbidity, polypharmacy, mental health issues, social vulnerability and structural barriers). There is a need...

    Authors: Mathieu Bujold, Pierre Pluye and France Légaré
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:279
  37. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive disease often associated with comorbidities that complicate the management of T2D and affect the achievement of treatment targets. However, adherence to guidelines and in...

    Authors: Nazma Akter Nazu, Katja Wikström, Marja-Leena Lamidi, Jaana Lindström, Hilkka Tirkkonen, Päivi Rautiainen and Tiina Laatikainen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:278
  38. Chagas is a public health problem, especially in Latin America, exacerbated by migratory movements and increasing urbanization. Argentina is among the countries with the highest estimated prevalence in the reg...

    Authors: Karen Klein, Javier Roberti, Mariel Rouvier, Maria Belizan, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Amanda Mabel Berrueta and Juan Pedro Alonso
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:277
  39. To investigate how useful the Intermed-Self Assessment (IMSA) questionnaire and its components were for identifying which patient candidates would benefit most from case management (CM) in general practice.

    Authors: Christine Cohidon, Emilie Gallay, Pascal Wild, Friedrich Stiefel, Céline Bourquin and Nicolas Senn
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:276
  40. Tonsillopharyngitis is one of the most frequently observed upper respiratory tract infections, for which antibiotics are prescribed in ambulatory care. In most cases, tonsillopharyngitis is benign and self-lim...

    Authors: Ieva Rutkovska, Zane Linde-Ozola and Elita Poplavska
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:275
  41. Knowledge on the course, disability and functionality of wrist complaints is still compendious in primary care guidelines, despite the high prevalence in primary care. Valid questionnaires can facilitate the m...

    Authors: Britt van Gorp, Patrick Krastman, Gerald Kraan, Nina M.C. Mathijssen, Sita M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Jos Runhaar
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:274
  42. In Germany, general practices are usually contacted first by patients with health complaints, including symptoms characteristic of SARS-CoV-2. Within general practices, medical assistants (MAs) are the first c...

    Authors: Annegret Dreher, Viola Mambrey and Adrian Loerbroks
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:273
  43. Studies show that children and adolescents in the most socially deprived areas (SDA) consult their general practitioner (GP) more often than those in the least socially deprived areas (Non-SDA). Given that GPs...

    Authors: M. S. Fonderson, P. J. E. Bindels, A. M. Bohnen and E. I. T. de Schepper
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:270
  44. Inappropriate use of antibiotics in children is common in many countries. The purpose of the study was to explore patterns of antibiotic prescribing in children’s outpatient clinics in primary care institution...

    Authors: Wenju Wang, Shitao Yu, Xunrong Zhou, Lei Wang, Xun He, Hanni Zhou and Yue Chang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:269
  45. Lack of physician involvement in quality improvement threatens the success and sustainability of quality improvement measures. It is therefore important to assess physicians´ interests and opportunities to be ...

    Authors: Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Judith Rosta, Fredrik Baathe, Eirik Søfteland, Åse Stavland Lexberg, Olav Røise and Karin Isaksson Rø
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:267

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