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  1. Growing demand for medical assistants (MAs) in team-based primary care has led health systems to explore career ladders based on expanded MA responsibilities as a solution to improve MA recruitment and retenti...

    Authors: Stacie Vilendrer, Alexis Amano, Cati Brown Johnson, Timothy Morrison and Steve Asch
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:117
  2. Complex elective foot and ankle surgery is known to be painful so most patients are prescribed opioids at the time of surgery; however, the number of patients prescribed opioids while waiting for surgery in Ca...

    Authors: C. Michael Goplen, M. Elizabeth Pedersen, Ailar Ramadi and Lauren A. Beaupre
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:116
  3. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, people have been confronted with a large amount of information about the virus and the governmental measures against its spreading. However, more than a...

    Authors: Bart Knottnerus, Monique Heijmans and Jany Rademakers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:115
  4. General practitioners (GPs) are in a unique position for community detection and management of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, adequate knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) are prerequisites for ...

    Authors: Yuan Lu, Chaojie Liu, Sally Fawkes, Zhaoxin Wang and Dehua Yu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:114
  5. Although primary care (PC) is an indispensable part of the health system, measuring its quality is challenging. A recent measure of PC, Person-Centered Primary Care Measure (PCPCM), covers 11 important domains...

    Authors: Makoto Kaneko, Tadao Okada, Takuya Aoki, Machiko Inoue, Takamasa Watanabe, Makoto Kuroki, Daichi Hayashi and Masato Matsushima
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:112
  6. Despite the known safety risks of long-term use of sedative-hypnotic/anxiolytic medications, there has been limited guidance for the safe and effective use of their chronic use in a primary care clinic setting...

    Authors: Kiana Gozda, Joyce Leung, Lindsay Baum, Alexander Singer, Gerald Konrad, Diana E. McMillan, Jamie Falk, Leanne Kosowan and Christine Leong
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:111
  7. This research aimed to investigate the tasks performed by Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) prevention and control management teams at primary healthcare (PHC) facilities during COVID-19 pandemic across the m...

    Authors: Yun-yun Yan, Jian-li Ge, Teng-yang Fan, Hai-tang Wang, Yan-feng Gu, Xue Xiao, Zhao-hui Du and Xiao-ming Sun
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:110
  8. Empirical evidence on patients’ trust and the factors among primary care institutions (PCIs) in China is limited. This study aimed to investigate patients’ trust and explore some associated factors among PCIs ...

    Authors: Liqing Li, Liyong Zhu, Xiaogang Zhou, Guohua Zeng, Hongwei Huang, Yong Gan, Zuxun Lu, Xiaofang Wang, Zhensheng Chen, Ke Sun, Di Yang, Qi Zhang and Chunmei Wu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:109
  9. With the release of the Health China Action (2019–2030), family health is receiving increasing attention from experts and scholars. But at present, there is no family health scale in China that involves multid...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Yunchou Wu, Xiaonan Sun, Dong Wang, Wai-Kit Ming, Xinying Sun and Yibo Wu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:108
  10. Research self-efficacy is one of the crucial predictors of productively engaging in research activities emphasized by the Qatar National Vision 2030. Nevertheless, studies typically focus on research self-effi...

    Authors: Iheb Bougmiza, Sarah Naja, Mohamad Alchawa, Muna Abed Alah, Noora Al Kaabi, Noora Al Kubaisi and Nagah Selim
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:107
  11. Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction permits recovery of the heart function and enables secondary prevention programs in which changes in lifestyle habits are crucial. Cardiac rehabilitatio...

    Authors: Rocío Rodríguez-Romero, Carles Falces, Belchin Kostov, Noemí García-Planas, Esther Blat-Guimerà, María C. Alvira-Balada, Mireia López-Poyato, María L. Benito-Serrano, Ingrid Vidiella-Piñol, Juan J. Zamora-Sánchez, Marta Benet, Manuel V. Garnacho-Castaño, Susana Santos-Ruiz, Rosalia Santesmases-Masana, Silvia Roura-Rovira, Jaume Benavent-Areu…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:106
  12. The novel coronavirus brought Intensive Care Units (ICUs) back to their past when they were closed to family members. The difficulties of family caregivers encountered after the ICU discharge might have been i...

    Authors: Matteo Danielis, Stefano Terzoni, Tamara Buttolo, Chiara Costantini, Tommaso Piani, Davide Zanardo, Alvisa Palese and Anne Lucia Leona Destrebecq
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:105
  13. In primary care, elevated liver values often appear as incidental findings. As well considering the presenting symptoms, key factors in effective diagnosis are which liver values to include as indicators and w...

    Authors: Julian Wangler and Michael Jansky
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:104
  14. In 2018, an amendment to the Danish Health Care Act was passed making it a requirement for patients not proficient in Danish to pay for interpretation services in health care settings. Thereafter there has bee...

    Authors: Annette Sofie Davidsen, Johanna Falby Lindell, Cæcilie Hansen, Camilla Michaëlis, Melissa Catherine Lutterodt, Allan Krasnik, Marie Louise Norredam and Susanne Reventlow
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:103
  15. Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics is the most important driver of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of the HAPPY PATIENT project is to evaluate the adaptation of European Union (EU) recommendation...

    Authors: Anders Bjerrum, Ana García-Sangenís, Daniela Modena, Gloria Córdoba, Lars Bjerrum, Athina Chalkidou, Jesper Lykkegaard, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Jens Søndergaard, Jørgen Nexøe, Ingrid Rebnord, Isabel Sebjørnsen, Jette Nygaard Jensen, Matilde Bøgelund Hansen, Katja Taxis, Maarten Lambert…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:102
  16. Obesity is a chronic problem in Canada and although the Canadian Medical Association recognizes obesity as a disease, health care professionals (HCPs) are not necessarily proactively managing it as one. This s...

    Authors: Sean Wharton, David Macklin, Marie-Philippe Morin, Jessica Blavignac, Stuart Menzies, Laura Garofalo, Michelle A. Francisco, Carol Thomas and Maxime Barakat
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:101
  17. If healthcare professionals perceive that patients strongly expect to be prescribed antibiotics, inappropriate prescriptions may result. As it is unknown whether this happens more often with certain patient gr...

    Authors: Dominique L. A. Lescure, Wilbert van Oorschot, Rob Brouwer, Janneke van der Velden, Aimée M. L. Tjon-A-Tsien, Iris V. Bonnema, Theo J. M. Verheij, Jan Hendrik Richardus and Hélène A. C. M. Voeten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:100
  18. Taking the modified Anderson health behavior model as the analysis framework and relying on 1136 empirical research data of S District in Foshan City, Guangdong Province of China, this study explores the influenc...

    Authors: Wenyi Lin, Wanxia Yin and Dinghuan Yuan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:99
  19. Only a relatively low proportion of university students seek help for anxiety and depression disorders, partly because they dislike current drug and psychological treatment options and would prefer home-based ...

    Authors: Simon Royal, Stuart Keeling, Nick Kelsall, Larry Price, Richard Fordham, Georgios Xydopoulos, Gerard R. Dawson, Jonathan Kingslake and Richard Morriss
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:97
  20. Telemedicine applications are becoming more accepted and offer great potential to support physicians and patients. However, there is an increasing need for research, especially in personal predictors that dete...

    Authors: Katja Brenk-Franz, Leo Johannes Leonhardt and Bernhard Strauß
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:96
  21. Recruiting healthcare providers as research subjects often rely on in-person recruitment strategies. Little is known about recruiting provider participants via electronic recruitment methods. In this study, co...

    Authors: Olena Mazurenko, Lindsey Sanner, Nate C. Apathy, Burke W. Mamlin, Nir Menachemi, Meredith C. B. Adams, Robert W. Hurley, Saura Fortin Erazo and Christopher A. Harle
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:95
  22. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that determine the differences in the distribution and workload of paediatricians in Poland. This research, specific to conditions found within Poland, wil...

    Authors: Tadeusz Zienkiewicz, Maria Klatka, Ewa Zienkiewicz and Janusz Klatka
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:94
  23. Hereditary cancer syndromes have been conceptualized as a family level process. The present study explores the complexity and challenges of family adaptation to the hereditary cancer syndrome, in the context o...

    Authors: Eliana Silva, Pedro Gomes, Paula M. Matos, Eunice R. Silva, João Silva, Catarina Brandão, Fernando Castro, Maria Carolina Neves and Célia M. D. Sales
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:93
  24. In the wake of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, administrative barriers to the use of telemedicine have been reduced in Germany. The study focused on the analysis of use and assessment of tele...

    Authors: Vera Knörr, Lorena Dini, Sophie Gunkel, Jan Hoffmann, Laura Mause, Tim Ohnhäuser, Arno Stöcker and Nadine Scholten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:92
  25. General Practitioners (GPs) are the first point of contact for people from ethnic and migrant groups who have health problems. Discrimination can occur in this health care sector. Few studies, however, have in...

    Authors: Camille Duveau, Stéphanie Demoulin, Marie Dauvrin, Brice Lepièce and Vincent Lorant
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:91
  26. General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in the provision of end-of-life care (EoLC). The present study aimed at comparing the quality of GPs’ EoLC before and after an intervention involving a clinical ...

    Authors: Katharina van Baal, Birgitt Wiese, Gabriele Müller-Mundt, Stephanie Stiel, Nils Schneider and Kambiz Afshar
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:90
  27. The impact of unemployment on health is well studied. However, information on associations of unemployment, migration background and general practitioner-patient communication is scarce.

    Authors: Luisa K. Offenberg, Samira T. Sommer, Manuela Schmidt, Stefanie Kasten, Florian Bockheim, Boris Gavrilov, Carmen Hunzelar, Nur Ikar, Maja P. S. Oberholz, Joana L. Paños-Willuhn and Birgitta Weltermann
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:89
  28. Self-rated health (SRH) is a single-item measure of current health, which is often used in community surveys and has been associated with various objective health outcomes. The prevalence and factors associate...

    Authors: Stephen Kasenda, Eivind Meland, Øystein Hetlevik, Thomas Mildestvedt and Luckson Dullie
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:88
  29. Prescribing approved products for unapproved uses (off-label use) is not uncommon among physicians in certain medical specialties. Available evidence about an off-label use – both supportive and unsupportive –...

    Authors: Melanie C. Chansky, Simani M. Price, Kathryn J. Aikin and Amie C. O’Donoghue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:87
  30. Inappropriate use of antibiotics has been acknowledged as a significant contributor to the proliferation of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Physician prescribing of antibiotics has been identified as a fac...

    Authors: Kevin F. Roche, Eimear C. Morrissey, Julie Cunningham and Gerard J. Molloy
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:86
  31. In the context of the advancement of person-centered care models, the promotion of the participation of patients with chronic illness and complex care needs in the management of their care (self-management) is...

    Authors: Kerstin Hämel, Gundula Röhnsch, Marcus Heumann, Dirce Stein Backes, Beatriz Rosana Gonçalves de Oliveira Toso and Ligia Giovanella
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:85
  32. The implementation of evidence-based innovations is incentivized as part of primary care reform in Canada. In the Province of Québec, it generated the creation of interprofessional care models involving regist...

    Authors: Marie-Eve Poitras, Yves Couturier, Emmanuelle Doucet, Vanessa T. Vaillancourt, Marie-Dominique Poirier, Gilles Gauthier, Catherine Hudon, Nathalie Delli-Colli, Dominique Gagnon, Emmanuelle Careau, Arnaud Duhoux, Isabelle Gaboury, Ali Ben Charif, Rachelle Ashcroft, Julia Lukewich, Aline Ramond-Roquin…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:84
  33. Between 1998 and 2019, the structure and process of general practitioner services in Britain underwent a series of reforms and experienced distinct funding environments. This paper examines changes in satisfac...

    Authors: Motab Aljohani, Michael Donnelly and Ciaran O’Neill
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:83
  34. In France, the first COVID-19-related lockdown (17th March to 10th May 2020) resulted in a major decrease in healthcare service utilization. This raised concerns about the continuity of care for vulnerable pat...

    Authors: Tiphanie Bouchez, Sylvain Gautier, Julien Le Breton, Yann Bourgueil and Aline Ramond-Roquin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:82
  35. Factors affecting COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and hesitancy among primary healthcare workers (HCW) remain poorly understood. This study aims to identify factors associated with vaccine acceptance and hesitancy...

    Authors: Sky Wei Chee Koh, Yiyang Liow, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Seaw Jia Liew, Yiong-Huak Chan and Doris Young
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:81
  36. Telephone triage is used globally in out-of-hours primary care, to prioritize who needs urgent assessment. Even though children rarely are severely ill, calls about sick children are among the most prevalent, ...

    Authors: Caroline Gren, Maria Kjøller Pedersen, Asbjørn Børch Hasselager, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Dina Cortes, Ingrid Egerod and Hejdi Gamst-Jensen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:80
  37. Quality improvement collaborative projects aim to reduce gaps in clinical care provided in the healthcare system. This study evaluated the experience of key participants from a Quality Improvement Program (QPu...

    Authors: C. M. Hespe, E. Brown and L. Rychetnik
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:79
  38. Over 100 million Americans have chronic pain and most obtain their treatment in primary care clinics. However, evidence-based behavioral treatments targeting pain-related disability are not typically provided ...

    Authors: Kathryn E. Kanzler, Patricia J. Robinson, Donald D. McGeary, Jim Mintz, Lisa Smith Kilpela, Erin P. Finley, Cindy McGeary, Eliot J. Lopez, Dawn Velligan, Mariana Munante, Joel Tsevat, Brittany Houston, Charles W. Mathias, Jennifer Sharpe Potter and Jacqueline Pugh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:77
  39. The number of women of childbearing age with Type 2 diabetes(T2DM) is increasing, and they now account for > 50% of pregnancies in women with pre-existing diabetes. Diabetes pregnancies without adequate pre-pr...

    Authors: Rita Forde, Olubunmi Abiola, Janet Anderson, Debra Bick, Anna Brackenridge, Anita Banerjee, Mark Chamley, Kia-Chong Chua, Lily Hopkins, Katharine Hunt, Helen R. Murphy, Helen Rogers, Renee Romeo, James Shearer, Kirsty Winkley and Angus Forbes
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:76
  40. Home testing for influenza has the potential to aid triage and management decisions for patients with influenza-like illness. As yet, little is known about the effect of the home influenza testing on clinical ...

    Authors: Xinyan Cai, Mark H. Ebell, Rachel E. Geyer, Matthew Thompson, Nicole L. Gentile and Barry Lutz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:75
  41. There is a lack of understanding of the team processes and factors that influence teamwork and medication management practices in the care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of the s...

    Authors: Jacqueline M. I. Torti, Olga Szafran, Sandra L. Kennett and Neil R. Bell
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:74
  42. The adaptability of existing recommendations on shared care implementation to Asian settings is unknown. This qualitative study aims to elicit public- and private-sectors primary care practitioners’ (PCPs) per...

    Authors: Yu Ke, Rose Wai Yee Fok, Yoke Lim Soong, Kiley Wei-Jen Loh, Mohamad Farid, Lian Leng Low, Joanne Hui Min Quah, Farhad Fakhrudin Vasanwala, Sher Guan Low, Ling Ling Soh, Ngiap-Chuan Tan and Alexandre Chan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:73
  43. More than 50% of Canadian adult patients wait longer than four weeks to see a specialist after referral from primary care. Access to accurate wait time information may help primary care physicians choose the t...

    Authors: Michelle S. Naimer, Babak Aliarzadeh, Chaim M. Bell, Noah Ivers, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Warren McIsaac, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Joanne A. Permaul, Tutsirai Makuwaza and Sahana Kukan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:72
  44. Gout affects nearly 2 % of the population and is associated with repeated painful flares of arthritis. Preventive urate-lowering therapy is widely available, but only one third of patients receive adequate tre...

    Authors: Helene Sedelius, Malin Tistad, Ulrika Bergsten, Mats Dehlin, David Iggman, Lars Wallin and Anna Svärd
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:71
  45. Good adherence by physicians to treatment guidelines for type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could improve therapy outcome for patients. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, we assessed physicians’ adher...

    Authors: Farah Jabbar Ali Alliabi, Ammar Ali Saleh Jaber, Mahir Khalil Ibrahim Jallo and Mirza R. Baig
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:70
  46. Immigrants to Canada face unique barriers to health care, which leads to inequities in health care utilization. Lower utilization of health care by immigrants to Canada is associated with the deteriorating hea...

    Authors: Nisanthini Ravichandiran, Maria Mathews and Bridget L. Ryan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:69

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