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  1. Increased incidence and/or reporting of domestic abuse (DA) accompanied the COVID-19 pandemic. National lockdowns and enforced social isolation necessitated new ways of supporting victims of DA remotely. Identifi...

    Authors: Lucy Downes and Estela Capelas Barbosa
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:21
  2. The National Health Service (NHS) and general practice are increasingly adopting digital services. These services can impact both positively and negatively upon patient experiences, and access to digital servi...

    Authors: Nada Khan, Emma Pitchforth, Rachel Winder, Gary Abel, Christopher E. Clark, Emma Cockcroft and John Campbell
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:20
  3. There is growing consensus that primary health care (PHC) providers have an important role in providing holistic, preventative care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). In regional Aust...

    Authors: Sherridan Warner, Daniel Cheung, Ashleigh Condon, Juliet Cunningham, Jodie Bailie, Ariane Minc, Simone Herbert and Natalie Edmiston
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:19
  4. This study reports the experiences of general practice staff and patients at high risk of poor health outcomes who took part in a clustered randomised controlled trial of a multicomponent general practice inte...

    Authors: Sara Javanparast, Leigh Roeger and Richard L. Reed
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:18
  5. Significant concerns have been raised regarding how medications with a risk of dependence or withdrawal are managed and how care is experienced by patients. This study sought to co-design solutions to improve ...

    Authors: Jennifer Seddon, Claire Friedrich, Sarah Wadd, David Dicks, Sion Scott, Anthea Robinson and Charlotte Walker
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:17
  6. Post-smoking-cessation weight gain can be a major barrier to quitting smoking; however, adding behavior change interventions for physical activity (PA) and diet may adversely affect smoking cessation outcomes....

    Authors: Nadia Minian, Kamna Mehra, Mathangee Lingam, Rosa Dragonetti, Scott Veldhuizen, Laurie Zawertailo, Wayne K. deRuiter, Osnat C. Melamed, Rahim Moineddin, Kevin E. Thorpe, Valerie H. Taylor, Margaret Hahn and Peter Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:16
  7. Rapid antigen detection tests (RADT) for Group A streptococci (GAS) and point-of-care tests for C-reactive protein (CRP) are commonly used in patients with pharyngotonsillitis in Sweden and Denmark although CR...

    Authors: Jon Pallon, Martin Sundqvist and Katarina Hedin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:15
  8. “Core values” help to guide practice of health care delivery. The core values of general practice are described in the European definition of general practice by WONCA, e.g. a holistic, comprehensive and conti...

    Authors: Leonie Horn, Charlotte Ullrich, Leonie Boelter, Michel Wensing, Frank Peters-Klimm and Sandra Stengel
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:14
  9. Primary care depends upon a good information flow across professional and structural boundaries to provide the best care for patients. Previous research has mainly focused on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) with...

    Authors: Tobias Abelsson, Ann-Kristin Karlsson, Helena Morténius, Amir Baigi and Stefan Bergman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:13
  10. Older people with multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity) (MLTC-M) experience difficulties accessing and interacting with health and care services. Breakdowns in communication between patients and staff...

    Authors: Rebecca Goulding, Kelly Birtwell, Mark Hann, Sarah Peters, Harm van Marwijk and Peter Bower
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:12
  11. An English version of the Patient Perception of Patient-Centeredness (PPPC) scale was recently revised, and it is necessary to test this instrument in different primary care populations.

    Authors: Yiyuan Cai, Pengfei Guo, Jiong Tu, Mengyao Hu, Lingrui Liu, Bridget L. Ryan, Jing Liao, Rubee Dev, Yiran Li, Tianyu Huang, Ruilin Wang, Li Kuang, Ruonan Huang, Xinfang Li, Edmundo Roberto Melipillán, Shuaixiang Zhao…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:11
  12. Despite general practitioners' (GPs') key role in Germany`s primary health care, clinical research in general practice is scarce. Clinical research is mainly conducted at inpatient facilities, although their r...

    Authors: Linda Sanftenberg, Julia Stofella, Katharina Mayr, Armin Nassehi, Annette Härdtlein, Stefanie Stark, Thomas Kühlein, Peter Konstantin Kurotschka, Ildikò Gágyor, Stefanie Eck, Antonius Schneider, Melanie Bößenecker, Marco Roos, Tobias Dreischulte and Jochen Gensichen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:10
  13. Antibiotic resistance is growing globally. The practice of health professionals when prescribing antibiotics in primary health care settings significantly impacts antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic prescription...

    Authors: Gashaw Enbiyale Kasse, Judy Humphries, Suzanne M. Cosh and Md Shahidul Islam
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:8
  14. Conducting effective and translational research can be challenging and few trials undertake formal reflection exercises and disseminate learnings from them. Following completion of our multicentre randomised c...

    Authors: Kevin G. Pollock, Carissa Dickerson, Manjit Kainth, Sarah Lawton, Michael Hurst, Daniel M. Sugrue, Chris Arden, D. Wyn Davies, Anne-Céline Martin, Belinda Sandler, Jason Gordon, Usman Farooqui, David Clifton, Christian Mallen, Jennifer Rogers, Nathan R. Hill…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:7
  15. In the adult population, about 50% have hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and subsequent premature death. Little is known about the quality of the methods used to diagnose hypertension in ...

    Authors: Vincent M.I. Voorbrood, Evelien I.T. de Schepper, Arthur M. Bohnen, Marit F.E. Ruiterkamp, Peter R. Rijnbeek and Patrick J.E. Bindels
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:6
  16. The private sector plays an important role in tuberculosis (TB) elimination by providing access to quality TB care services like diagnosis and treatment, advocacy for preventive measures, innovation to address...

    Authors: Harsh D Shah, Shalu Chaudhary, Bharat Desai, Jay Patel, Sandul Yasobant, Priya Bhavsar, Somen Saha, Anish K Sinha, Deepak Saxena, Yogesh Patel and Bhavesh Modi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:5
  17. Occupational, physical and respiratory therapists are relatively new to primary care settings, and thus their roles are still emerging. The COVID-19 pandemic was a time of abrupt changes in professional roles....

    Authors: Cara L. Brown, Louise Chartrand, Brontë Vollebregt, Dayajyot Kaur, Tory Crawford and Patricia Thille
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:3
  18. This study determined patterns of knee osteoarthritis (OA) management by general practitioners (GPs) using routine healthcare data from Dutch general practices from 2011 to 2019.

    Authors: Ilgin G. Arslan, A. C. van Berkel, J. Damen, P. Bindels, M. de Wilde, S. M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra and D. Schiphof
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:2
  19. Although more than half of the habitual smokers recognize that they want to quit smoking cigarettes, approximately half have failed to quit and experienced distress relapse; therefore, there is an urgent need ...

    Authors: Kae Shiratani, Junko Shimasawa and Mayumi Mizutani
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:1
  20. Inspired by examples in low- and middle-income countries, 50 community health workers (CHWs) were introduced in Belgium to improve access to primary care for people living in socio-economically vulnerable circ...

    Authors: Caroline Masquillier and Theo Cosaert
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:281
  21. Introducing a primary care physician (Kakaritsuke-I: KI) system to improve the efficiency of the health care system has been controversial in Japan. This study aimed to determine the relevance of KI to an individ...

    Authors: Kemmyo Sugiyama, Takashi Oshio, Susumu Kuwahara and Hiromi Kimura
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:280
  22. Iran has experienced a very fast fertility transition. The process of demographic transition, coupled with modernization, has had considerable consequences for the structure and function of families. There is ...

    Authors: Maryam Tajvar, Emily Grundy, Astrid Fletcher, Elizabeth Allen and Badriyeh Karami
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:279
  23. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most important cause of death in many countries of the world, including Iran. This study aimed to investigate the effect of educational intervention based on the Health Be...

    Authors: Nasrin Midjani, Fatemeh Alsadat Hossaini and Nader Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:278
  24. People with dementia (PwD) are known to have more chronic conditions compared to those without dementia, which can impact the clinical presentation of dementia, complicate clinical management and reduce overal...

    Authors: Howard Bergman, Soo Borson, Frank Jessen, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Alessandro Pirani, Jill Rasmussen, Jesus Rodrigo and Daiana Taddeo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:277
  25. Digital health solutions hold the potential for supporting general practitioners in decision-making, and include telemedicine systems, decision support systems, patient apps, wearables, fitness trackers, etc.

    Authors: Anne Clausen, Emilie Rosenfeldt Christensen, Pernille Ravn Jakobsen, Jens Søndergaard, Bo Abrahamsen and Katrine Hass Rubin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:276
  26. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional interdisciplinary process that addresses an older adult’s biopsychosocial capabilities to create an integrated and co-ordinated plan of care. Whil...

    Authors: Christina Hayes, Christine Fitzgerald, Íde O’Shaughnessy, Brian Condon, Aoife Leahy, Margaret O’Connor, Molly Manning, Anne Griffin, Liam Glynn, Katie Robinson and Rose Galvin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:274
  27. High quality and effective primary healthcare is a national priority in Qatar. Continuing professional development (CPD) for physicians is a cornerstone of this objective, yet little is known about physicians’...

    Authors: Deema Al-Sheikhly, Saima Ali, Phyllis Sui Muffuh Navti, Ziyad Riyad Mahfoud, Laudy Mattar, Samar Aboulsoud, Mohannad Khandakji, Lara Al Hakim and Thurayya Arayssi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:273
  28. Hypertension is a major health problem globally and in India. Around 60% of people with hypertension in India are not aware that they have the condition. Less than 30% of individuals with hypertension are on t...

    Authors: Samir Garg, Mukesh Dewangan, Prabodh Nanda, Ashu Sahu, Lalita Xalxo, Kirtti Kumar Bebarta, Vishnu Gupta, Mohammad Jawed Quereishi, Anand Kumar Sahu and Pradeep Tandan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:272
  29. Participating in research studies often involves interactions with healthcare professionals, potentially influencing the participant’s future help-seeking behaviour. We investigated whether participating in th...

    Authors: Charlotte Raadkjaer Lykkegaard, Niels Wedderkopp, Sonja Wehberg, Sinead Holden, Helene Stoettrup Andersen, Frans Boch Waldorff and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:271
  30. Accreditation is a prerequisite for scientific management of the health system, owing to its numerous benefits on health centres’ performance. The current study examined Iran’s primary healthcare accreditation...

    Authors: Farid Gharibi, Esmaeil Moshiri, Masoumeh Ebrahimi Tavani and Koustuv Dalal
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:270
  31. A significant number of international studies show that general practitioners (GPs) suffered from burnout when working during the COVID-19 pandemic. A Swedish study found that more than 16% of GPs had exhausti...

    Authors: Helena Månsson Sandberg, Bodil J. Landstad, Åsa Tjulin and Emma Brulin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:269
  32. Relationship-based, whole person care is foundational to quality general practice. Previous research has identified several characteristics of deep General Practitioner (GP)-patient relationships and their ass...

    Authors: Hayley Thomas, Johanna Lynch, Emily Burch, Megan Best, Lauren Ball, Elizabeth Sturgiss and Nancy Sturman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:268
  33. Shigellosis is an acute diarrheal disease transmitted through contaminated food, water, objects, poor hand hygiene, or sexual activity. Healthcare providers (HCP) may not be aware of the multiple routes of Shigel...

    Authors: Julia C. Haston, Laura Ford, Kayla L. Vanden Esschert, Ian D. Plumb, Naeemah Logan, Louise K. Francois Watkins and Amanda G. Garcia-Williams
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:267
  34. People with prediabetes are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its complications, such as cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. Primary prevention and health maintenance are therefore im...

    Authors: Katri Harcke, Marit Graue, Timothy Charles Skinner, Christina B. Olsson and Nouha Saleh-Stattin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:266
  35. In Canada, primary care is usually the front door to health care for people with health issues. Among these primary care services are primary care clinics (PCC), where the competencies of registered nurses (RN...

    Authors: A. Morin, Y. Couturier, M-D. Poirier, V. T. Vaillancourt, S. Massé, A. D. Tardif and M-E. Poitras
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:265
  36. Molluscum contagiosum (MC) can cause significant burden in children. So far, pharmacological treatment has not been proven beneficial. More rigorous interventions have not been well studied. Current guidelines...

    Authors: Roeland M. Watjer, Tobias N. Bonten, Koen D. Quint, Mohammad M. Hasani, Mattijs E. Numans and Just A.H. Eekhof
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:264
  37. Efforts have been invested towards cessation of tobacco use among youths aged 18–35 years, however, motivators for continued tobacco smoking and reasons for quitting are limited in Ugandan settings. Therefore,...

    Authors: Alex Daama, Stephen Mugamba, William Ddaaki, Grace Kigozi Nalwoga, Asani Kasango, Fred Nalugoda, Robert Bulamba, James Menya Nkale, Emmanuel Kyasanku, Ritah Bulamu, Gertrude Nakigozi, Godfrey Kigozi, Joseph Kagaayi and Stevens Kisaka
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:263
  38. Although previous studies have reported general inexperience with the Epley manoeuvre (EM) among general physicians, no report has evaluated the effect of EM on benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in p...

    Authors: Yusuke Saishoji, Norio Yamamoto, Takashi Fujiwara, Hideki Mori and Shunsuke Taito
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:262
  39. Psychiatric disorders are increasing globally. Especially when these disorders affect working people, this places a financial burden on society due to long-term sick leave, the incapacity to work and the inabi...

    Authors: Martina Geipel, Anna Pelizäus and Johannes Hamann
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:261
  40. Because of the increasing incidence of actinic keratosis (AK), optimal use of limited healthcare resources is essential. Although most patients can be managed in primary care, dermatology referrals are common....

    Authors: Charlotte Verhoeven, Zilke Claessens, Satish F.K. Lubeek and Henk J. Schers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:260
  41. A high number of drug-related problems has previously been shown among community-dwelling patients in primary healthcare in Skåne County, Sweden. Medication reviews are one way to solve these problems, but the...

    Authors: Annika Dobszai, Cecilia Lenander, Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Katarina Wickman and Sara Modig
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:259
  42. By investigating the knowledge, medication, occurrence of complications, and risks among elderly non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients in Shanghai communities, and providing standardized comprehensi...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Yufeng Gu, Shan Wei, Juan Xie, Xiuli Zheng and Yan Yu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:257
  43. Minoritized communities including refugees are at an increased risk of poorly controlled hypertension. Evidence indicates that self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP) is an effective method to improve b...

    Authors: Lana Bridi, Behnan Albahsahli, Nissma Bencheikh, Dania Abu Baker, Job G. Godino, Kelli N. O’Laughlin and Tala Al-Rousan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:256
  44. During the Covid-19 pandemic, family medicine practices (FMPs) changed to improve safety against new coronavirus infections for both patients and employees. Protocols for treating patients with suspected Sars-...

    Authors: Maja Cvetko Gomezelj, Špela Miroševič, Alina Verdnik Tajki, Ksenija Tušek Bunc, Esther Van Poel, Sara Willems and Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24(Suppl 1):255

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  45. Cigarette smoking remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. Primary care offers an ideal setting to reach adults who smoke cigarettes and improve uptake of evidence-based...

    Authors: Margaret C. Fahey, Amy E. Wahlquist, Vanessa A. Diaz, Marty S. Player, Noelle Natale, Katherine R. Sterba, Brian K. Chen, Eric D. A. Hermes, Mathew J. Carpenter and Jennifer Dahne
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:254
  46. The COVID-19 pandemic has made devastating impacts on public health and global economy. While most people experience mild symptoms, it is highly transmissible and deadly in at-risk populations. Telemedicine ha...

    Authors: Si Van Nguyen, Huong Nguyen Viet Duong, Hieu Bao Nguyen, My Ai Thao Doan, Duc Thanh Nguyen, An Tuan Tran, Khoi Kim Hoang, Oanh Hoang Ly, Thanh Xuan Dang, Tung Ho Thanh Tran, Hung Quang Tran, Nam Ba Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu Nguyen, Raghu Rai and An Le Pham
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:250

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