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  1. Legal cannabis is available in more than half of the United States. Health care professionals (HCPs) rarely give recommendations on dosing or safety of cannabis due to limits imposed by policy and lack of know...

    Authors: Deepika E. Slawek, Andrew D. Althouse, Robert Feldman, Julia H. Arnsten, Hailey W. Bulls, Jane M. Liebschutz, Shannon M. Nugent, Steven R. Orris, Rebecca Rohac, Joanna L. Starrels, Benjamin J. Morasco, Devan Kansagara and Jessica S. Merlin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:145
  2. Patient activation refers to patients’ knowledge, confidence, skills, ability, beliefs, and willingness to manage their health and healthcare. Patient activation is an essential component of self-management an...

    Authors: Ingvild Hernar, Marit Graue, Jannicke Igland, David A. Richards, Hilde Kristin Refvik Riise, Anne Haugstvedt and Beate-Christin Hope Kolltveit
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:144
  3. Evidence suggests that management of people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in primary care has been suboptimal, in particular, with low referral rates to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). The a...

    Authors: Lisa Pagano, Sarah Dennis, Sally Wootton, Andrew S. L. Chan, Nicholas Zwar, Sriram Mahadev, Deborah Pallavicini and Zoe McKeough
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:142
  4. Despite a high asthma burden in Kenya, insights into asthma management practices, including prescription of short-acting β2-agonists (SABAs), are lacking. Therefore, this study describes patient demographics, dis...

    Authors: Jeremiah Chakaya, Jared Mecha and Maarten Beekman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:141
  5. Health care providers have reported low knowledge, skill, and confidence for discussing movement behaviours (i.e., physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep), which may be improved with the use of tool...

    Authors: Tamara L. Morgan, Emma Faught, Amanda Ross-White, Michelle S. Fortier, Mary Duggan, Rahul Jain, Kirstin N. Lane, Amanda Lorbergs, Kaleigh Maclaren, Taylor McFadden and Jennifer R. Tomasone
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:140
  6. An increased focus on quality and patient safety has led to the evolution of hospitalists. The number of hospitalists covering ward and outpatient care is on the rise in Japan. However, it is unclear what role...

    Authors: Taiju Miyagami, Taro Shimizu, Shunsuke Kosugi, Yohei Kanzawa, Kazuya Nagasaki, Hiroyuki Nagano, Toru Yamada, Kazutoshi Fujibayashi, Gautam A. Deshpande, Flora Kisuule, Susumu Tazuma and Toshio Naito
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:139
  7. Vietnam aims for 95% of commune health stations (CHSs) to have functional hypertension management programs by 2025. However, limited resources may impede the Central Highland region health system from achievin...

    Authors: Thang Nghia Hoang, Thuy Phuong Nguyen, Mai Phuong Pham, Hue Kim Le Nguyen, Hieng H, Y Dech Buonya, Tram Dinh Le and Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:138
  8. Any disruption in continuity of care for patients with chronic conditions can lead to poor outcomes for the patients as well as great damage for the community and the health system. This study aims to determin...

    Authors: Abbasali Dehghani Tafti, Azadeh Fatehpanah, Ibrahim Salmani, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Hossien Tavangar, Hossien Fallahzadeh, Ali Ahmadi Tehrani, Sajjad Bahariniya and Gholamreza Ahmadi Tehrani
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:137
  9. Deprescribing can be a challenging and complex process, particularly for early career doctors such as primary care trainees. To date, there is limited data from patients’ and doctors’ perspectives regarding th...

    Authors: Sheron Sir Loon Goh, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Siti Nurkamilla Ramdzan and Kit Mun Tan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:136
  10. Screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) is appealing because AF is common, when undiagnosed may increase stroke risk, and stroke is preventable with anticoagulants. This study assessed patient and primary care ...

    Authors: Steven J. Atlas, Jeffrey M. Ashburner, Yuchiao Chang, Leila H. Borowsky, Patrick T. Ellinor, David D. McManus, Steven A. Lubitz and Daniel E. Singer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:135
  11. Chronic pain is among the most common conditions presenting to primary care and guideline-based care faces several challenges. A novel pain management program, Video-Telecare Collaborative Pain Management (VCP...

    Authors: Daniel G. Rogers, Joseph W. Frank, Danielle M. Wesolowicz, Charlotte Nolan, Allison Schroeder, Caroline Falker, Audrey Abelleira, Brent A. Moore, William C. Becker and Sara N. Edmond
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:134
  12. The Quintuple aim explicitly includes ‘health and wellbeing of the care team’ as requirement for the care of patients. Therefore, we examined working conditions, work engagement and health status of profession...

    Authors: Veerle Buffel, Muhammed Mustafa Sirimsi, Patricia De Vriendt, Dominique Van de Velde and Lies Lahousse
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:133
  13. Multimorbidity management can be extremely challenging in patients with dementia. This study aimed to elucidate the approaches of primary care physicians in Japan and the United States (US) in managing multimo...

    Authors: Shinji Tsunawaki, Michiko Abe, Melissa DeJonckheere, Christine T. Cigolle, Kristin K. Philips, Ellen B. Rubinstein, Masakazu Matsuda, Michael D. Fetters and Machiko Inoue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:132
  14. The adoption of digital health technologies can improve the quality of care for polypharmacy patients, if the underlying complex implementation mechanisms are better understood. Context effects play a critical...

    Authors: Sara Söling, Ibrahim Demirer, Juliane Köberlein-Neu, Kira Isabel Hower, Beate Sigrid Müller, Holger Pfaff and Ute Karbach
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:131
  15. Primary care physicians (PCPs) play an indispensable role in providing comprehensive care and referring patients for specialty care and other medical services. As the COVID-19 outbreak disrupts patient access ...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Jianwei Zheng, Todd Schneberk, Yu Ke, Alexandre Chan, Tao Hu, Jerika Lam, Mary Gutierrez, Ivan Portillo, Dan Wu, Chih-Hung Chang, Yang Qu, Lawrence Brown and Michael B. Nichol
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:130
  16. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing globally. Early diagnosis in primary care may have a role in ensuring proper intervention. We aimed to determine the prevalence and outcome of CKD i...

    Authors: Rikke Borg, Margit Kriegbaum, Mia Klinten Grand, Bent Lind, Christen Lykkegaard Andersen and Frederik Persson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:128
  17. Exercise is the recommended first-line therapy for a degenerative meniscal tear (DMT). Despite this, knee pain attributed to DMTs are a common presentation to specialist orthopaedic clinics. In the primary car...

    Authors: Helen O’Leary, Katie Robinson, Liam Glynn, Brian Lenehan and Karen McCreesh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:127
  18. The creation of Family Health Teams in Ontario was intended to reconfigure primary care services to better meet the needs of an aging population, an increasing proportion of which is affected by frailty and mu...

    Authors: Laura Brooks, Jacobi Elliott, Paul Stolee, Veronique Maria Boscart, Sarah Gimbel, Brittany Holisek, Jason Randle and George Albert Heckman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:126
  19. The population with severe mental disorders (SMD) is a frequent user of emergency services. Situations of psychiatric decompensation can have devastating consequence and can cause problems in getting urgent me...

    Authors: Alejandro Pérez-Milena, Juan Andrés Ramos-Ruiz, Natalia Zafra-Ramirez, Carmen Noguera-Cuenca, Antonina Rodríguez-Bayón and Beatriz Ruiz-Díaz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:125
  20. Multiple studies indicate that residents in family medicine (FM) are exposed to considerable stress and are particularly affected by burnout syndrome. Aim of the study was to specify the effects of a so-called...

    Authors: Simon Schwill, Till Johannes Bugaj, Annalena Rentschler, Christoph Nikendei, Joachim Szecsenyi and Katja Krug
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:124
  21. Family Navigation (FN) is an evidence-based care management intervention designed to reduce disparities in access to care by providing families with individually tailored support and care coordination. Early d...

    Authors: Julia Levinson, Emily Hickey, Plyce Fuchu, Andrea Chu, Miya Barnett, Nicole A. Stadnick, Emily Feinberg and Sarabeth Broder-Fingert
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:123
  22. There is moderate to strong evidence of the effectiveness of health-promotion interventions, but implementation in routine primary health care (PHC) has been slow. In the Act in Time project implementation sup...

    Authors: Emma Nilsing Strid, Lars Wallin and Ylva Nilsagård
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:122
  23. Celiac disease is a major public health problem in many countries, including Iran. Considering the disease’s exponential spread throughout the world and its risk factors, identifying the educational priorities...

    Authors: Mostafa Langarizadeh, Pakzad Rahmati, Shahram Yousefpour Azari, Fatemeh Sarpourian, Mohammad Javad Sayadi, Mohammad Hossein Langarizadeh and Seyed Ali Fatemi Aghda
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:121
  24. Older adults are more prone to increasing comorbidities and polypharmacy. Polypharmacy is associated with inappropriate prescribing and an increased risk of adverse effects. This study examined the effect of p...

    Authors: George Doumat, Darine Daher, Mira Itani, Lina Abdouni, Khalil El Asmar and Georges Assaf
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:120
  25. Topical corticosteroids (TCS) are commonly available in community pharmacies and are used in skin conditions like atopic dermatitis and psoriasis among others. Problems such as overuse, use of potent steroids ...

    Authors: Abigail Dayang Nathan, Pathiyil Ravi Shankar and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:119
  26. Due to the nature of their work, general practitioners (GPs) need to be up to date with evidence in various medical domains. While much synthesised research evidence is easily accessible nowadays, in practice,...

    Authors: Christine Arnold, Patrick Hennrich, Michel Wensing and Charlotte Ullrich
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:118
  27. Community participation is one of the principles of primary health care (PHC). However, it has not been adequately institutionalized due to numerous barriers. Therefore, the present study is conducted to ident...

    Authors: Kamal Gholipour, Azad Shokri, Ali Akbar Yarahmadi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Shabnam Iezadi, Deniz Naghibi and Farzam Bidarpoor
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:117
  28. With the ageing population worldwide, falls are becoming a severe and growing health problem. Interprofessional multifactorial fall prevention interventions (FPIs) have effectively prevented falls in community...

    Authors: J. S. C. Muusse, R. Zuidema, M. C. van Scherpenseel and S. J. te Velde
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:116
  29. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major health problem in the western world. Despite a widespread implementation of integrated care programs there are still patients with poorly controlled T2DM. Shared goal...

    Authors: Sara Santos, Michael Pentzek, Attila Altiner, Anne Daubmann, Eva Drewelow, Christian Helbig, Christin Löffler, Susanne Löscher, Karl Wegscheider, Heinz-Harald Abholz, Stefan Wilm and Anja Wollny
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:115
  30. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an emerging cause of visual impairment and blindness and is often detected in the irreversible stage. General practitioners (GPs) play an essential role in the prevention of DR thr...

    Authors: Yeni Dwi Lestari, Gitalisa Andayani Adriono, Rizka Ratmilia, Christy Magdalena and Ratna Sitompul
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:114
  31. The results of critical illness and life-saving invasive measures during intensive care unit treatment can sometimes lead to lasting physical and psychological impairments. A multicentre randomized controlled ...

    Authors: Linda Sanftenberg, Antina Beutel, Chris Maria Friemel, Robert Philipp Kosilek, Maggie Schauer, Thomas Elbert, Ulf-Dietrich Reips, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Tomke Schubert, Konrad Schmidt and Jochen Gensichen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:113
  32. The huge increase of refugees to Germany caused a great challenge to the health system. We aimed to examine the level of patient-centredness in medical consultations with refugee patients, aided by video inter...

    Authors: Josephine Nana Hill, Katarina Krüger, Sigrid Boczor, Thomas Kloppe, Olaf von dem Knesebeck and Martin Scherer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:112
  33. Chest pain is a frequent consultation issue in primary care, with coronary artery disease (CAD) being a serious potential cause. Primary care physicians (PCPs) assess the probability for CAD and refer patients...

    Authors: Katja Winkler, Navina Gerlach, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Anika Berberich, Jutta Jung-Henrich and Kathrin Schlößler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:110
  34. In Aotearoa/New Zealand (NZ) general practices diagnose and manage pre-diabetes. This work is important as it has the potential to delay or prevent the onset of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), reduce NZ’s health inequ...

    Authors: Christine Barthow, Jeremy Krebs and Eileen McKinlay
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:109
  35. In out-of-hours urgent care practices in Germany, physicians of different specialties care for a large number of patients, most of all unknown to them, resulting in a high workload and challenging diagnostic d...

    Authors: Eva Maria Noack, Dagmar Zajontz, Tim Friede, Kai Antweiler, Eva Hummers, Tobias Schmidt, Lea Roddewig, Dominik Schröder and Frank Müller
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:108
  36. Urogenital cancers are common, accounting for approximately 20% of cancer incidence globally. Cancers belonging to the same organ system often present with similar symptoms, making initial management challengi...

    Authors: Knut Holtedahl, Lars Borgquist, Gé A. Donker, Frank Buntinx, David Weller, Christine Campbell, Jörgen Månsson, Victoria Hammersley, Tonje Braaten and Ranjan Parajuli
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:107
  37. Integrating evidence-based interventions for people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) into primary healthcare (PHC) can increase access to care and reduce morbidity, mortality, and population burden. However, fo...

    Authors: Dorothy Mushi, Charlotte Hanlon, Joel M. Francis, Moshiro Candida, Mekdes Demissie and Solomon Teferra
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:106
  38. High quality communication is central to effective primary care. The COVID-19 pandemic led to a dramatic increase in virtual care but little is known about how this may affect communication quality. Adults wit...

    Authors: Avra Selick, Janet Durbin, Yani Hamdani, Jennifer Rayner and Yona Lunsky
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:105
  39. Patients with multimorbidity, having two or more chronic diseases, suffer frequently from undiagnosed common mental health problems and are an increasing challenge in primary care. There is a call to improve c...

    Authors: C. Kappelin, C. Sandlund, J. Westman and C. Wachtler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:104
  40. Chronic conditions are one of the main determinants of frailty, functional disability, loss of quality of life and the number one cause of death worldwide. This study aimed to describe the survival of patients...

    Authors: Mariana Bandeira-de Oliveira, Teresa Aparicio-González, Isabel del Cura-González, Carmen Suárez-Fernández, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientos and Jaime Barrio-Cortes
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:103
  41. Like many developed nations, the prevalence of both older people and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Singapore is rising. This demographic shift predisposes the population to greater risks of both frailty a...

    Authors: Andrew Kien Han Wee and Rehena Sultana
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:102
  42. Several preventive medications and supplements become inappropriate in the last phase of life due to increased risk of adverse events caused by changed pharmacokinetics, drug-drug interactions, and changed car...

    Authors: Anne Antonisse, Frederieke H. van der Baan, Matthew Grant, Gon Uyttewaal, Cathelijne Verboeket, Hanneke Smits-Pelser, Saskia C. C. M. Teunissen and Eric C. T. Geijteman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:101
  43. Disentangling nonadherence (NA), drug-drug interactions (DDIs), and disease progression from each other is an important clinical challenge for providers caring for patients with cardiometabolic diseases. NAs a...

    Authors: John W Peabody, Divya Ganesan, Czarlota Valdenor, David Paculdo, Joshua Schrecker, Christopher Westerfield and Rebecca Heltsley
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:100
  44. Obesity is a serious and largely preventable global health problem. Obesity-related electronic health records can be a useful resource to identify and address obesity. The analysis of real-world data from T82-...

    Authors: Rosália Páscoa, Andreia Teixeira, Teresa S. Henriques, Hugo Monteiro, Rosário Monteiro and Carlos Martins
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:99
  45. Chronic disease management is important in primary care. Disease management programmes focus primarily on the respective diseases. The occurrence of multimorbidity and social problems is addressed to a limited...

    Authors: Leslie Michielsen, Erik W.M.A. Bischoff, Tjard Schermer and Miranda Laurant
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:98
  46. Due to their fast turnaround time and user-friendliness, point-of-care tests (POCTs) possess a great potential in primary care. The purpose of the study was to assess general practitioners’ (GPs) perspectives ...

    Authors: Anni Matthes, Florian Wolf, Guido Schmiemann, Ildikó Gágyor, Jutta Bleidorn and Robby Markwart
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:96
  47. Domestic violence is a significant public health issue with survivors experiencing short- and long-term physical, sexual and psychological health issues. Given this, survivors of domestic violence use healthca...

    Authors: Jacqueline Kuruppu, Kitty Novy, Lily Fetter, Sanda Oo and Kelsey Hegarty
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2023 24:95

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