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  1. Early identification and treatment of chronic disease is associated with better clinical outcomes, lower costs, and reduced hospitalisation. Primary care is ideally placed to identify patients at risk of, or i...

    Authors: Barbara Hunter, Sandra Davidson, Natalie Lumsden, Sophie Chima, Javiera Martinez Gutierrez, Jon Emery, Craig Nelson and Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:220
  2. It is unclear how primary care physicians manage insomnia after the introduction of novel hypnotics such as orexin receptor antagonists and melatonin receptor agonists. This Web-based questionnaire survey aime...

    Authors: Masahiro Takeshima, Hitoshi Sakurai, Ken Inada, Yumi Aoki, Kenya Ie, Morito Kise, Eriko Yoshida, Kentaro Matsui, Tomohiro Utsumi, Akiyoshi Shimura, Isa Okajima, Nozomu Kotorii, Hidehisa Yamashita, Masahiro Suzuki, Kenichi Kuriyama, Eiji Shimizu…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:219
  3. Child maltreatment is a global problem that puts children at risk of mental illness, substance abuse, and premature death. Interdisciplinary collaboration is important in preventing and detecting child maltrea...

    Authors: Astrid Durdei Midtsund, Lena Henriksen, Mirjam Lukasse and Lisbeth Valla
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:218
  4. Advance care planning (ACP) is a process which enables patients to communicate wishes, values, fears, and preferences for future medical care. Despite patient interest in ACP, the frequency of discussions rema...

    Authors: Julie Stevens, Dawn Elston, Amy Tan, Doris Barwich, Rachel Zoe Carter, Diana Cochrane, Nicole Frenette and Michelle Howard
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:217
  5. General practitioners (GPs) specialized in cardiovascular disease (GPSI-CVD) may suspect heart failure (HF) more easily than GPs not specialized in CVD. We assessed whether GPSI-CVD consider investigations aim...

    Authors: Cornelia J. C. Vermeer, Amy Groenewegen, Monika Hollander, Janneke Schuring, Ingrid Looijmans–van den Akker, Andrew Oostindjer, Huug van Duijn, Ineke Nederend and Frans H. Rutten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:216
  6. Given that mental health problems in adolescence may have lifelong impacts, the role of primary care physicians (PCPs) in identifying and managing these issues is important. Artificial Intelligence (AI) may of...

    Authors: Pooria Ghadiri, Mark J. Yaffe, Alayne Mary Adams and Samira Abbasgholizadeh-Rahimi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:215
  7. The integration of mental health into primary care—i.e., the process by which a range of essential mental health care and services are made available in existing multipurpose health care settings that did not ...

    Authors: Erick Mukala Mayoyo, Faustin Chenge, Abdoulaye Sow, Bart Criel, Joris Michielsen, Kris Van den Broeck and Yves Coppieters
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:214
  8. The management of inappropriate medication use in older patients suffering from multimorbidity and polymedication is a major healthcare challenge. In a primary care setting, a medication review is an effective...

    Authors: Carmela Bou Malham, Sarah El Khatib, Philippe Cestac, Sandrine Andrieu, Laure Rouch and Pascale Salameh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:213
  9. More and more people suffer from concomitant chronic physical diseases and common mental disorders, calling for integrated self-management support in primary care. However, self-management support of chronic p...

    Authors: Jérémie Beaudin, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Émilie Hudon and Catherine Hudon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:212
  10. The Ethiopian Primary Healthcare Clinical Guidelines (EPHCG) seek to improve quality of primary health care, while also expanding access to care for people with Non-Communicable Diseases and Mental Health Cond...

    Authors: Alemayehu Bekele, Atalay Alem, Nadine Seward, Tigist Eshetu, Tewodros Haile Gebremariam, Yeneneh Getachew, Wondosen Mengiste, Girmay Medhin, Lara Fairall, Nick Sevdalis, Martin Prince, Abebaw Fekadu and Charlotte Hanlon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:211
  11. Deprescribing of medication for cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes has been incorporated in clinical guidelines but proves to be difficult to implement in primary care. Training of healthcare providers i...

    Authors: Peter J.C. Stuijt, Mette Heringa, Liset van Dijk, Adrianne Faber, Jako S. Burgers, Talitha L. Feenstra, Katja Taxis and Petra Denig
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:210
  12. Preconceptual care aiming to improve health is influenced by various factors including health literacy. Considering the importance and necessity of high quality preconceptual care, this study aimed to determin...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sajjadian, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Sally Pezaro
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:209
  13. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI) are frequently prescribed. Long-term use is associated with side-effects and patients often lack a valid indication. Inappropriate PPI prescribing thus needs to be addressed. This ...

    Authors: L. C. van Gestel, M. A. Adriaanse, S. L Kanis, S. M. Mensink-Bout, J. W. Schoones, M. E. Numans, J. C. Kiefte-de Jong and G. van den Brink
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:208
  14. Following government calls for General Practices in England to work at scale, some practices have grown in size from traditionally small, General Practitioner (GP)-led organisations to large multidisciplinary ...

    Authors: Alfred Bornwell Kayira, Helena Painter, Rohini Mathur and John Ford
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:207
  15. Measuring treatment burden is important for the effective management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) care. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the most robust approach for measuring treatm...

    Authors: Kai Lin, Mi Yao, Xinxin Ji, Rouyan Li, Lesley Andrew, Jacques Oosthuizen, Moira Sim and Yongsong Chen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:206
  16. Data on overuse of diagnostic and therapeutic resources underline their contribution to the decline in healthcare quality. The application of “Do Not Do” recommendations, in interaction with gender biases in p...

    Authors: Virtudes Pérez-Jover, Alicia Sánchez-García, Adriana Lopez-Pineda, Irene Carrillo, José Joaquín Mira and Concepción Carratalá-Munuera
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:205
  17. As the U.S. population ages, family members increasingly act as informal caregivers, particularly for minority patients and those with limited English proficiency (LEP). However, physicians often do not identi...

    Authors: Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Celia P. Kaplan and Leah S. Karliner
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:204
  18. Globally, there is a growing shortage of primary care professionals, including those who serve residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In recent decades, numerous new care models have been implemented ...

    Authors: Zúñiga Franziska, Teuscher Ramona, Stoll Hansruedi, Sailer Schramm Monique, Vökt Franziska and Kotkowski Kornelia
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:203
  19. Annual lung cancer screening (LCS) with low dose CT reduces lung cancer mortality. LCS is underutilized. Black people who smoke tobacco have high risk of lung cancer but are less likely to be screened than are...

    Authors: Sandra J. Japuntich, Kristen Walaska, Elena Yuija Friedman, Brittany Balletto, Sarah Cameron, Joshua Ray Tanzer, Pearl Fang, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey, Joseph Fava, Andrew M. Busch, Christopher Breault and Rochelle Rosen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:202
  20. There is limited research examining the views of general practice pharmacists (GPPs) on their role and their impact in general practice. The aim of this study was to explore GPPs’ views regarding this role and...

    Authors: Abrar H. F. Hassan, Heather E. Barry and Carmel M. Hughes
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:201
  21. Outpatient care is central to both primary and tertiary levels in a health system. However, evidence is limited on outpatient differences between these levels, especially in South Asia. This study aimed to des...

    Authors: Inosha Alwis, Buwanaka Rajapaksha, Chanuka Jayasanka and Samath D. Dharmaratne
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:200
  22. Canada’s immigrants and refugees have often settled in large Canadian cities, but this is changing with rising costs of living and rural settlement initiatives. However, little consideration is made regarding ...

    Authors: Madura Sundareswaran, Lucas Martignetti and Eva Purkey
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:199
  23. SCORE2 has been introduced as an updated risk assessment tool for calculating the 10-year risk of first-onset cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it does not account for ethnicity or socioeconomic status, k...

    Authors: Mustafa Saleh, Helena Salminen and Marina Taloyan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:198
  24. Many patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) do not receive evidence-based, guideline-recommended treatment shown to reduce DKD progression and complications. Proactive electronic consultations (e-consults...

    Authors: Chi D. Chu, Daniel Dohan, Michelle M. Estrella, Michael G. Shlipak and Delphine S. Tuot
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:197
  25. To assess racial and ethnic minority parents’ perceptions about barriers to well-child visit attendance.

    Authors: Nisha Fahey, Allison Holt, Deniz Cataltepe, Annelise Brochier, Amy Stern, Morgan Mazanec, James W. Courtemanche, Tracey Wilkie, Kellie Tan, Rulan Lyu, Eric Alper, Josephine Fowler, Lawrence Rhein and Arvin Garg
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:196
  26. Inadequate financing constrains primary healthcare (PHC) capacity in many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in rural areas. This study evaluates an innovative PHC financing reform in rural China t...

    Authors: Zhi Zeng, Yunmei Luo, Wenjuan Tao, Ruiling Zhang, Bo Zeng, Jianhong Yao and Wei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:195
  27. The lack of trust between patients and physicians has a variety of negative consequences. There are several theories concerning how interpersonal trust is built, and different studies have investigated trust b...

    Authors: Seraina Petra Lerch, Rahel Hänggi, Yara Bussmann and Andrea Lörwald
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:194
  28. During the COVID-19 pandemic, family physicians (FPs) served as the the initial point of contact for patients potentially infected with the virus, necessitating frequent updates to treatment protocols. However...

    Authors: Alina Verdnik Tajki, Špela Miroševič, Maja Cvetko Gomezelj, Ksenija Tušek Bunc, Esther Van Poel, Sara Willems and Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 24(Suppl 1):289

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  29. Personalised Care and Support Planning (PCSP) replaces conventional annual reviews for people with long-term conditions. It is designed to help healthcare professionals (HCPs) and patients engage in conversati...

    Authors: Sharon McCann, Vikki A. Entwistle, Lindsay Oliver, Nick Lewis-Barned, Rebecca Haines and Alan Cribb
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:193
  30. Patient safety is defined as the prevention of harm to patients and aims to prevent errors. This analysis explores factors associated with the reported occurrence of patient safety incidents (PSIs) in general ...

    Authors: Nathaly Garzón-Orjuela, Claire Collins, Sara Willems, Esther Van Poel and Akke Vellinga
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 24(Suppl 1):288

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  31. Substance use disorder (SUD) presents a range of public health challenges and consequences. Despite the prevention potential of screening and brief intervention (SBI) in the primary care setting, implementatio...

    Authors: Alicia Kowalchuk, Tiffany G. Ostovar-Kermani, Kylie Schaper, Larissa Grigoryan, Jacqueline M. Hirth, Maria Carmenza Mejia, Kiara K. Spooner and Roger J. Zoorob
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:192
  32. Individuals living in communities with poor access to healthcare may be unaware of their high blood pressure (BP). While the use of community health workers (CHWs) can address gaps in human resources for healt...

    Authors: Andrew Kwiringira, Richard Migisha, Lilian Bulage, Benon Kwesiga, Daniel Kadobera, George Upenytho, Paul Mbaka, Julie R. Harris, Donald Hayes and Alex R. Ario
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:191
  33. Chronic disease (CD) accounts for more than half of the overall global disease burden and physical activity (PA) is an established evidence-based strategy for the prevention and management of CD. Global policy...

    Authors: Aisling McGrath, Barry Lambe, Evan Matthews, Karolyn McDonnell, Michael Harrison and Bróna Kehoe
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:190
  34. Person-centred medicine is recommended in the care of older patients. Yet, involvement of care home residents and relatives in medication processes remains limited in routine care. Therefore, we aimed to devel...

    Authors: Kirsten Høj, Hilary Louise Bekker, Flemming Bro, Anne Estrup Olesen, Jette Kolding Kristensen and Line Due Christensen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:189
  35. Primary care professionals could play a key role in health promotion implementation. A fundamental aspect that might affect the willingness of primary care professionals to strengthen health promotion, and abo...

    Authors: Sophie Karoline Brandt, Stefan Essig and Andreas Balthasar
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:188
  36. Community Paramedicine (CP) is an emerging model of care addressing health problems through non-emergency services. Little evidence exists examining the integration of an app for improved patient, CP, and fami...

    Authors: Pauneez Sadri, Amelia Keenan, Ricardo Angeles, Francine Marzanek, Melissa Pirrie and Gina Agarwal
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:187
  37. There is inconsistent utilisation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiovascular disease (CVD) screening and management by healthcare professionals to identify CVD risk factors early and to interven...

    Authors: Jill Bruneau, Donna Moralejo and Karen Parsons
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:185
  38. Community pharmacies are responsible for dispensing of medicines and related counselling in outpatient care. Dispensing practices have remarkably changed over time, but little is known about how the changes ha...

    Authors: Emilia Mäkinen, Anna-Riia Holmström, Marja Airaksinen and Anna Schoultz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:183
  39. Initially established to improve access to healthcare, particularly for primary care, the full potential of the nurse practitioner role is yet to be realised in most countries. Despite this, most countries are...

    Authors: Norah Elvidge, Megan Hobbs, Amanda Fox, Jane Currie, Suzanne Williams, Karen Theobald, Melanie Rolfe, Claire Marshall and Jane L. Phillips
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:182
  40. Cough is one of the most common presenting problems for patients in primary care and is largely managed in primary care clinical settings. Family physicians’ familiarity with chronic cough guidelines and the e...

    Authors: Joel B. Shields, Elisabeth Callen, Natalia Y. Loskutova, Jonathan Schelfhout and Christina M. Hester
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:181
  41. A sustainable point-of-care (POC) diagnostic testing implementation in low-resourced facilities enhances quick diagnostic investigation and halts unnecessary referrals. This study identified the barriers imped...

    Authors: Monica Ansu-Mensah, Vitalis Bawontuo, Desmond Kuupiel and Themba G. Ginindza
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:179
  42. Solo medical practices in primary healthcare delivery have been abandoned in favor of interdisciplinary teamwork in most Western countries. Dynamics in interdisciplinary teams might however be particularly dif...

    Authors: Charo Rodríguez, Douglas Archibald, Roland Grad, Katya Loban and Kelley Kilpatrick
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:178
  43. Advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) is associated with a high risk of adverse cardiovascular and renal events and has a significant impact on quality of life and life expectancy. Several studies have identi...

    Authors: Elena Pintado-Outumuro, Victoria Morin-Fraile, Betlem Salvador-González, Llúcia Benito, Maricel Julve-Ibáñez, M.-Pilar Sancho-Campos, Carolina Alves-Tafur and Iris Lumillo-Gutiérrez
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:177
  44. Community health workers (CHW) are an integral part of primary health care re-engineering in South Africa. Cape Town is developing community-orientated primary care, with a central role for CHWs. Their role in...

    Authors: Lize-Marie Doresha, Williams and Robert Mash
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:176
  45. CARA set out to develop a data-visualisation platform to facilitate general practitioners to develop a deeper understanding of their patient population, disease management and prescribing through dashboards. T...

    Authors: Nathaly Garzón-Orjuela, Heike Vornhagen, Catherine Blake and Akke Vellinga
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:174
  46. Low-quality data presents a significant challenge for community health workers (CHWs) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Mobile health (mHealth) applications offer a solution by enabling CHWs to recor...

    Authors: Winnifred K. Kansiime, Edwinah Atusingwize, Rawlance Ndejjo, Emmanuel Balinda, Moses Ntanda, Richard K. Mugambe and David Musoke
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:173

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