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  1. Although shared decision-making (SDM) is increasingly accepted in healthcare and has demonstrated merits for several psychological outcomes, the effect on recovery from somatic conditions is still subject to d...

    Authors: Ariëtte R. J. Sanders, Niek J. de Wit, Nicolaas P. A. Zuithoff and Sandra van Dulmen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:22
  2. General Practitioners (GPs) and Practice Nurses (PNs) collaboratively play an important role in preventing and monitoring chronic diseases. They are trained in Motivational Interviewing (MI), which is a commun...

    Authors: Saskia M Boom, Riëtta Oberink, Abigail J E Zonneveld, Nynke van Dijk and Mechteld R M Visser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:21
  3. Eight percent of all child and adolescent general practice consultations are due to musculoskeletal conditions, with pain as the most frequent symptom. Despite the commonality of musculoskeletal pain, limited ...

    Authors: Negar Pourbordbari, Martin Bach Jensen, Jens Lykkegaard Olesen, Sinead Holden and Michael Skovdal Rathleff
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:20
  4. The method by which mental health screening result reports are given affects the user’s health behavior. Lists with the distribution of scores in various mental health areas is difficult for users to understan...

    Authors: Seonmi Lee, Jiwoo Lim, Sangil Lee, Yoon Heo and Dooyoung Jung
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:19
  5. The knowledge of risk perceptions in primary care could help health authorities to manage epidemics.

    Authors: C Guerrisi, B Thomas, A Ordax Diez, D Van Cauteren, J E Lozano Alonso, S Moreels, A Falchi, T Vega Alonso, I Bonmarin, J Raude, A M Vilcu, T Hanslik, M Debin, L Rossignol, V Colizza, C Souty…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:18
  6. The use of C-reactive protein (CRP) tests has been shown to safely reduce antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs). The aim of this study was to explore patient and clinical factors...

    Authors: Rikke Vognbjerg Sydenham, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Ulrik Stenz Justesen, Line Bjørnskov Pedersen, Rune Munck Aabenhus, Sonja Wehberg and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:17
  7. Despite the importance and advantages of family medicine, it has poorly developed in Arab communities when compared to other medical specialties. Therefore, in this study, we aim to investigate the perception ...

    Authors: Manal Abdulaziz Murad, Rawan Maatouk Kheimi, Mohammed Majdi Toras, Rahaf Hussain Alem, Atheer Meshal Aljuaid, Jafar Naji Alobaidan, Hebah Yousef Binishaq, Abdulrahman Ahmed Asiri and Manar Khalid Sagga
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:16
  8. Insulin therapy forms a cornerstone of pharmacological management of diabetes mellitus (DM). However, there remains a lack of acceptance and adherence to insulin, thereby contributing to poor DM control. This ...

    Authors: Changwei Liu, Jacqueline De Roza, Chai Wah Ooi, Blessy Koottappal Mathew, Elya and Wern Ee Tang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:15
  9. Singapore faces an ageing population with increasingly complex healthcare needs, a problem which could be addressed by high quality primary care. Many patients with complex needs are not managed by private gen...

    Authors: Peng Yong, Andrew Wong, Foong Yee, Sara Chan, Laysee Ong and Kheng Hock Lee
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:14
  10. With more patients in need of oncological care, there is a growing interest to transfer survivorship care from specialist to general practitioner (GP). The ongoing I CARE study was initiated in 2015 in the Net...

    Authors: Julien A. M. Vos, Robin de Best, Laura A. M. Duineveld, Henk C. P. M. van Weert and Kristel M. van Asselt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:13
  11. The majority of severely ill and dying people in Germany can be administered primary palliative care (PPC) by general practitioners (GP). However, the current provision of PPC does not match the needs of the p...

    Authors: Esma Sümeyya Bilgin, Rojda Ülgüt, Nils Schneider and Stephanie Stiel
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:12
  12. General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic as the first point of contact for possibly infected patients and are responsible for short and long-term follow-up car...

    Authors: E. Van Poel, P. Vanden Bussche, Z. Klemenc-Ketis and S. Willems
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:11
  13. Smoking cessation is a major public health issue. In France, primary care physicians (PCP) are the first contact points for tobacco management. The objective of this study was to understand how PCPs are involv...

    Authors: Guillaume Coindard, Michaël Acquadro, Raphaël Chaumont, Benoit Arnould, Philippe Boisnault, Rachel Collignon-Portes, Didier Duhot, François Raineri, Béatrice Tugaut and Henri-Jean Aubin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:10
  14. To identify misbeliefs about the origin and meaning of non-specific chronic low back pain and to examine attitudes towards treatment by primary health care providers.

    Authors: Ester García-Martínez, Jorge Soler-González, Joan Blanco-Blanco, Francesc Rubí-Carnacea, María Masbernat-Almenara and Fran Valenzuela-Pascual
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:9
  15. Improving the patient experience is one of the quadruple aims of healthcare. Therefore, understanding patient experiences and perceptions of healthcare interactions is paramount to quality improvement. This in...

    Authors: Alexandra R. Davidson, Jaimon Kelly, Lauren Ball, Mark Morgan and Dianne P. Reidlinger
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:8
  16. Physical examination is a core component of consultation. Little is known about the status quo of physical examinations performed by general practitioners in community health service institutions in China. The...

    Authors: Yun Wei, Feiyue Wang, Zhaolu Pan, Meirong Wang, Guanghui Jin and Xiaoqin Lu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:7
  17. There is limited United Kingdom (UK) literature on general practice-based pharmacists’ (PBPs’) role evolution and few studies have explored general practitioners’ (GPs’) experiences on pharmacist integration i...

    Authors: Ameerah S. Hasan Ibrahim, Heather E. Barry and Carmel M. Hughes
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:6
  18. Having a primary care provider and a continuous relationship may be important for asthma outcomes. In this study, we sought to determine the association between 1) having a usual provider of primary care (UPC)...

    Authors: Sarah Cooper, Elham Rahme, Sze Man Tse, Roland Grad, Marc Dorais and Patricia Li
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:5
  19. The use of chat-based digital visits (eVisits) to assess infectious symptoms in primary care is rapidly increasing. The “digi-physical” model of care uses eVisits as the first line of assessment while assuming...

    Authors: Artin Entezarjou, Maria Sjöbeck, Patrik Midlöv, Veronica Milos Nymberg, Lina Vigren, Ashkan Labaf, Ulf Jakobsson and Susanna Calling
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:4
  20. The oldest-old (individuals over 90 years) are a fast-growing population. Understanding the perceptions of older people about very old age is the first step towards developing optimal geriatric care for an agi...

    Authors: Emile Escourrou, Sarah Laurent, Jacques Leroux, Stéphane Oustric and Virginie Gardette
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:3
  21. Available tools measuring self-management in diabetes are often improperly validated or do not correlate with glucose metabolism. The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ-R) is a valid tool, that showe...

    Authors: Bernadett Márkus, Csenge Hargittay, Barbara Iller, József Rinfel, Péter Bencsik, Ilona Oláh, László Kalabay and Krisztián Vörös
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:2
  22. GPs frequently prescribe antidepressants in mild depression. The aim of this study was to examine, how often Swiss GPs recommend antidepressants in various clinical presentations of mild depression and which f...

    Authors: Michael P. Hengartner, Stefan Neuner-Jehle and Oliver Senn
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:261

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Primary Care 2022 23:27

  23. Healthcare systems have adopted different strategies to reduce the burden of cervical cancer. In Poland, a population-based screening program was implemented in 2006, leading to a downward trend in cervical ca...

    Authors: Katarzyna Nessler, Francis Ball, Sze Kay Florence Chan, Michal Chwalek, Anna Krztoń-Królewiecka and Adam Windak
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:260
  24. Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease, globally. Guidelines recommend information, exercise and, if needed, weight reduction as core treatment. There is a gap between evidence-based recommended care for ost...

    Authors: Karin Sturesdotter Åkesson, Anne Sundén, Eva Ekvall Hansson and Kjerstin Stigmar
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:259
  25. The Hungarian primary care system faces a severe shortage of family physicians. Medical students’ perceptions of family medicine need to be known and medical students need to be given appropriate and comprehen...

    Authors: András Mohos, Thomas Frese, László Kolozsvári, József Rinfel, Albert Varga, Csenge Hargittay, Dalma Csatlós and Péter Torzsa
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:258
  26. Although patients have the potential to provide important information on patient safety, considerably fewer patient-report measures of safety climate (SC) have been applied in the primary care setting as compa...

    Authors: Caoimhe Madden, Sinéad Lydon, Andrew W. Murphy and Paul O’Connor
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:257
  27. There is increased recognition in clinical settings of the importance of documenting, understanding, and addressing patients’ social determinants of health (SDOH) to improve health and address health inequitie...

    Authors: Rachel L. Berkowitz, Linh Bui, Zijun Shen, Alice Pressman, Maria Moreno, Stephanie Brown, Anne Nilon, Chris Miller-Rosales and Kristen M. J. Azar
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:256
  28. To assess the quality of the doctor-patient relationship (DPR) in China and possible influencing factors during the COVID-19 period from the patient’s perspective.

    Authors: Yanan Zhou, Yuejiao Ma, Winson Fu Zun Yang, Qiuxia Wu, Qianjin Wang, Dongfang Wang, Honghong Ren, Yinli Luo, Dong Yang, Tieqiao Liu and Xiaoming Wu
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:255
  29. Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of developing a stroke by 20%. AF related strokes are associated with greater morbidity. Historically, warfarin was the anticoagulant of choice for stroke prevention...

    Authors: Yeyenta Mina Osasu, Richard Cooper and Caroline Mitchell
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:254
  30. A minority of the U.S. population comprises a majority of health care expenses. Health system interventions for high-cost populations aim to improve patient outcomes while reducing costly over-utilization. Mis...

    Authors: Phillip Groden, Alexandra Capellini, Erica Levine, Ania Wajnberg, Maria Duenas, Sire Sow, Bernard Ortega, Nia Medder and Sandeep Kishore
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:253
  31. General Practitioners are considered to be well placed to monitor home-care settings and to respond specifically to family caregivers. To do this, they must be sensitive to the needs and expectations of caregi...

    Authors: Julian Wangler and Michael Jansky
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:252
  32. The average time to a diagnosis for people with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is 7-10 years. Delayed diagnosis may result in increased structural damage, worse physical function, and worse quality of life re...

    Authors: Kate L. Lapane, Catherine Dubé, Katarina Ferrucci, Sara Khan, Kristine A. Kuhn, Esther Yi, Jonathan Kay and Shao-Hsien Liu
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:251
  33. Physician associates (PA) form part of the policy-driven response to increased primary care demand and a general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention crisis. However, they are novel to the primary care ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Cottrell, Victoria Silverwood, Alex Strivens-Joyce, Lucy Minshull, John J. Edwards, Sarah Lawton, Matt Aiello and Sharon Turner
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:250
  34. Lapses in professionalism have profound negative effects on patients, health professionals, and society. The connection between unprofessional behaviour during training and later practice requires timely ident...

    Authors: Pieter C. Barnhoorn, Vera Nierkens, Marianne C. Mak-van der Vossen, Mattijs E. Numans, Walther N. K. A. van Mook and Anneke W. M. Kramer
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:249
  35. The novel coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19) has placed unprecedented strain on healthcare providers, in particular, primary care services. General practitioners (GP) have to effectively manage patients re...

    Authors: Sachin Shailendra Shah, Afsana Safa, Kuldhir Johal, Dillon Obika and Sophie Valentine
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:248
  36. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide, and the vaccine remains the ultimate cornerstone to overcoming its long-term impact. Vaccine hesitancy might obstruct the effort to achieve herd im...

    Authors: Noura Altulahi, Shouq AlNujaim, Azzam Alabdulqader, Abdullah Alkharashi, Assaf AlMalki, Faisal AlSiari, Yara Bashawri, Sarah Alsubaie, Dayel AlShahrani and Yara AlGoraini
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:247
  37. Little is known about clinicians’ perspectives on the use of point of care (POC) tests in assessment of acute illness during primary care out of hours (OOH) care. During a service improvement project, POC test...

    Authors: S. Dixon, M. Glogowska, S. Garland, H. Hunt, D. Lasserson and G. Hayward
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:246
  38. Although the benefits of using a flipped classroom in nursing education have been reported, there are few published studies attempting to understand students’ subjective experiences with scaffolding in a flipp...

    Authors: Linghui Chen, Ting Lin and Siyue Tang
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:245
  39. A gap exists between guidelines and real-world clinical practice for the management and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although this has narrowed in the last decade, there is room f...

    Authors: Hanna Sandelowsky, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Bernt B. Aarli, Josefin Sundh, Kristian Høines, Georgios Stratelis, Anders Løkke, Christer Janson, Christian Jensen and Kjell Larsson
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:244
  40. Printed educational materials (PEMs) have long been used to inform clinicians on evidence-based practices. However, the evidence for their effects on patient care and outcomes is unclear. In Ontario, despite w...

    Authors: Alison H. Howie, Neil Klar, Danielle M. Nash, Jennifer N. Reid and Merrick Zwarenstein
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:243
  41. Redundant use of diagnostic tests in primary care has shown to be a contributor to rising Dutch healthcare costs. A price display in the test ordering system of the electronic health records (EHRs) could poten...

    Authors: Dennis M. J. Muris, Max Molenaers, Trang Nguyen, Paul W. M. P. Bergmans, Bernadette A. C. van Acker, Mariëlle M. E. Krekels and Jochen W. L. Cals
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:242
  42. Heavy drinking causes serious harm, not only to the drinker but also to relationships and concerned significant others (CSOs). Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) is an intervention developed t...

    Authors: Rikke Hellum, Randi Bilberg, Gallus Bischof and Anette Søgaard Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:241
  43. An early appropriate response is the cornerstone of treatment for invasive meningococcal disease. Little evidence exists on how cases with invasive meningococcal disease present at first contact to emergency m...

    Authors: Nichlas Hovmand, Helle Collatz Christensen, Lene Fogt Lundbo, Håkon Sandholdt, Gitte Kronborg, Perle Darsø, Jacob Anhøj, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Asmus Thun Bisgaard and Thomas Benfield
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:240
  44. Despite recent incentives through Medicare (Australia’s universal health insurance scheme) to increase retinal screening rates in primary care, comprehensive diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening has not been re...

    Authors: Matthew J. G. Watson, Peter J. McCluskey, John R. Grigg, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Judith Daire and Mohamed Estai
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:239
  45. Patients with multimorbidity (here defined as three or more chronic conditions) require constant treatment and care. Furthermore, they have to manage their health and diseases in daily life. Offering support t...

    Authors: Amanda Breckner, Catharina Roth, Katharina Glassen and Michel Wensing
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:238
  46. Primary care practices have remained on the frontline of health care service delivery throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of our study was to understand the early pandemic experience of primary care ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Albert, Margaret M. Paul, Ann M. Nguyen, Donna R. Shelley and Carolyn A. Berry
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:237
  47. Canadians are known to be frequent users of emergency department (ED) care. However, the exchange of information from ED visits to family physicians (FPs) is not well known. Our objectives were to determine wh...

    Authors: Liisa Jaakkimainen, Hannah Chung, Hong Lu, Bogdan Pinzaru and Elisa Candido
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:235
  48. In the Netherlands, euthanasia has been regulated by law since 2002. In the past decade, a growing number of persons with dementia requested for euthanasia, and more requests were granted. A euthanasia request...

    Authors: Jaap Schuurmans, Chantalle Crol, Boudewijn Chabot, Marcel Olde Rikkert and Yvonne Engels
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:232

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Dr Betty Mousikou, Editor

BMBetty is the Editor of BMC Primary Care. Betty did first a BA in Primary Education at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, then an MA in Speech and Language Therapy, an MA in Cognitive Neuropsychology, and a BA in Linguistics at Complutense University of Madrid. She then moved to Sydney to do a PhD in Cognitive Science at Macquarie University. Before joining BMC, Betty worked in academia for 10 years: she was a Marie-Curie Experienced Researcher at Bangor University, a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London, and a Research Scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and at the University of Göttingen.

Senior Editorial Board Members

Dr Chaisiri Angkurawaranon

ChaisiNew Content Itemri Angkurawaranon received his MD from Chiang Mai University and specialises in Family Medicine. He received a Masters in Medical Statistics and a PhD in Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. His research focuses on global health issues related to ageing, and chronic conditions (both communicable and non-communicable) in primary care.



Professor Jean-François Chenot

JeanNew Content Item-François Chenot, MD, MPH, is Professor of General Practice at University Medicine Greifswald and practising GP in a rural practice in Pomerania. He has more than 20 years academic expertise in clinical general practice, research and education. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8877-2950




Professor Paul Van Royen

PaNew Content Itemul Van Royen, MD, PhD, is Professor of Family Medicine within the Department of Family Medicine and Population Health. He was Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (2012-18). He has more than 30 years academic expertise in clinical general practice and research. His academic work is directed at teaching and research in primary care. He is co-ordinator of several teaching modules and programs at undergraduate levels, as well as graduate and postgraduate levels. He was/is involved in several research projects, including several EU-funded projects within primary care, on respiratory infections and antibiotic prescribing, medical decision making, medical education, health care organization and data handling. He is author of more than 250 articles in peer-reviewed journals and reviewer of different scientific journals. At his department, he has developed a research centre with a strong expertise in qualitative research and systematic reviews. He is also co-ordinator of the Clinical Guidelines project for primary care in Belgium.