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  1. More than 50% of Canadian adult patients wait longer than four weeks to see a specialist after referral from primary care. Access to accurate wait time information may help primary care physicians choose the t...

    Authors: Michelle S. Naimer, Babak Aliarzadeh, Chaim M. Bell, Noah Ivers, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Warren McIsaac, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Joanne A. Permaul, Tutsirai Makuwaza and Sahana Kukan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:72
  2. Gout affects nearly 2 % of the population and is associated with repeated painful flares of arthritis. Preventive urate-lowering therapy is widely available, but only one third of patients receive adequate tre...

    Authors: Helene Sedelius, Malin Tistad, Ulrika Bergsten, Mats Dehlin, David Iggman, Lars Wallin and Anna Svärd
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:71
  3. Good adherence by physicians to treatment guidelines for type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could improve therapy outcome for patients. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, we assessed physicians’ adher...

    Authors: Farah Jabbar Ali Alliabi, Ammar Ali Saleh Jaber, Mahir Khalil Ibrahim Jallo and Mirza R. Baig
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:70
  4. Immigrants to Canada face unique barriers to health care, which leads to inequities in health care utilization. Lower utilization of health care by immigrants to Canada is associated with the deteriorating hea...

    Authors: Nisanthini Ravichandiran, Maria Mathews and Bridget L. Ryan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:69
  5. In Ghana district directors of health services and district hospital medical superintendents provide leadership and management within district health systems. A healthy relationship among these managers is dep...

    Authors: Vitalis Bawontuo, Augustine Adomah-Afari, Roger A. Atinga, Desmond Kuupiel and Irene Akua Agyepong
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:68
  6. A national policy focus in England to address general practice workforce issues has led to a commitment to employ significant numbers of non-general practitioner (GP) roles to redistribute workload. This paper...

    Authors: Lisa Brunton, Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Damian Hodgson and Pauline A. Nelson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:66
  7. Hyperkalaemia (HK) is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Both acute and chronic conditions may alter potassium homeostasis. Our aim is to describe HK incidence, clinical outcomes, and associ...

    Authors: Joseph B. Muhlestein, Jennifer Kammerer, Tami L. Bair, Kirk U. Knowlton, Viet T. Le, Jeffrey L. Anderson, Donald L. Lappé and Heidi T. May
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:65
  8. Pandemics and epidemics have represented public health emergencies with severe consequences at a global level. Primary care teams have played a crucial role in disease surveillance and monitoring during the CO...

    Authors: Montserrat Pulido-Fuentes, Ana María Palmar-Santos, Juan Antonio Flores-Martos, Carmen Cipriano-Crespo, Laura Alicia Rubio, Luisa Abad González and MVictoria Navarta-Sánchez
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:64
  9. Coping with a chronic disease can be really challenging. Self-management represents a promising strategy to improve daily life experiences. The role of primary healthcare professionals cannot be underestimated...

    Authors: Lotte Timmermans, Dagje Boeykens, Mustafa Muhammed Sirimsi, Peter Decat, Veerle Foulon, Ann Van Hecke, Mieke Vermandere and Birgitte Schoenmakers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:63
  10. People with multimorbidity, who may be more vulnerable to certain social determinants of health, often require care by an interprofessional primary healthcare (PHC) team that can tailor their approach to addre...

    Authors: Judith B. Brown, Sonja M. Reichert, Pauline Boeckxstaens, Moira Stewart and Martin Fortin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:62
  11. Public health prevention strategies have been developed to overcome the disease burden. Despite all the available resources, there have been several challenges in keeping up with the practices in Cardiovascula...

    Authors: Nikansha Kumar and Masoud Mohammadnezhad
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:61
  12. Patient access to primary healthcare (PHC) is the foundation of a strong healthcare system and healthy populations. Attachment to a regular PHC provider, a key to healthcare access, has seen a decline in some ...

    Authors: Emily Gard Marshall, Sara Wuite, Beverley Lawson, Melissa K. Andrew, Lynn Edwards, Adrian MacKenzie, Ana Correa Woodrow and Sarah Peddle
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:60
  13. Regular physical activity had been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia, obesity/metabolic syndro...

    Authors: Christine Shamala Selvaraj and Nurdiana Abdullah
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:59
  14. Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic requires safe and efficient testing on a large scale over a prolonged period. Outpatient testing facilities can clinically assess and test symptomatic individuals and test a...

    Authors: Patrick Abraham, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, Ruby Biezen, Christine Mary Hallinan, Katherine B. Gibney, Lena Sanci and Jemimah Ride
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:58
  15. In France, the progressive use of emergency departments (EDs) by primary care providers (PCPs) as a point of access to hospitalization for nonurgent patients is one of the many causes of their overcrowding. To...

    Authors: Marion Montellier, Raphaëlle Delpech, Mathieu Mion, François Boué and Marie-Hélène Metzger
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:57
  16. Coordination of care requires information exchange between health workers. The structure of their information exchange networks may influence the quality and efficiency of healthcare delivery. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Christine Arnold, Patrick Hennrich and Michel Wensing
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:56
  17. To explore the acceptability of the oral health intervention, HABIT (Health visitors delivering Advice in Britain on Infant Toothbrushing) to parents with young children aged 9–12 months and health visitors.

    Authors: Amrit Bhatti, Faye Wray, Ieva Eskytė, Kara A Gray-Burrows, Jenny Owen, Erin Giles, Timothy Zoltie, Victoria Smith, Sue Pavitt, Robert West, Rosemary RC McEachan, Zoe Marshman and Peter F Day
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:55
  18. Warfarin remains the most affordable oral anticoagulant in many countries. However, it may have serious side effects, and the success of the therapy depends on the patient’s understanding of the medication and...

    Authors: Maira Viana Rego Souza-Silva, Mara Luiza de Paiva Domingues, Victor Schulthais Chagas, Daniella Nunes Pereira, Laura Caetano de Sá, Mychelle Stefany Santos Almeida, Thaís Lorenna Souza Sales, Magda César Raposo, Nathalia Sernizon Guimarães, João Antônio de Queiroz Oliveira, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Clareci Silva Cardoso, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Thais Bueno Enes, Thiago Barbabela de Castro Soares, André Oliveira Baldoni…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:54
  19. Deprescribing, or the intentional discontinuation or dose-reduction of medications, is an approach to reduce harms associated with inappropriate medication use. We sought to determine how direct-to-patient edu...

    Authors: Amy M. Linsky, Nancy R. Kressin, Kelly Stolzmann, Jacquelyn Pendergast, Amy K. Rosen, Barbara G. Bokhour and Steven R. Simon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:53
  20. Telemedicine can be used to manage various health conditions, but there is a need to investigate its effectiveness for chronic disease management in the primary care setting. This study compares the effect of ...

    Authors: Russyan Mark S. Mabeza, Kahtrel Maynard and Derjung M. Tarn
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:52
  21. Hierarchical diagnosis and treatment has been gradually implemented throughout the China. Primary physicians are the main force in primary-level medical and health services, which means that standardized train...

    Authors: Hanbing Liu, Huimin Hou, Mingfeng Yang, Yusheng Hou, Zhongyan Shan and Yanli Cao
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:51
  22. The Patient readiness to engage in health information technology (PRE-HIT) is a conceptually and psychometrically validated questionnaire survey tool to measure willingness of patients with chronic conditions ...

    Authors: Reza Safdari, Ping Yu, Sahar Khenarinezhad, Ehsan Ghazanfari Savadkoohi, Zohreh Javanmard, Ala Yousefi and Saeed Barzegari
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:50
  23. Chronic diseases are often associated with sexual dysfunction (SD). Little is known about the practice patterns of general practitioners (GPs) regarding sexual care for chronically ill patients. Therefore, the...

    Authors: P. C. Barnhoorn, Inge C. Prins, Hannah R. Zuurveen, Brenda L. den Oudsten, Marjolein E. M. den Ouden, Mattijs E. Numans, Henk W. Elzevier and Gaby F. van Ek
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:49
  24. Child abuse and neglect (child abuse) is a prevalent public health issue linked to survivors experiencing a higher risk of health issues such as obesity, heart disease and major depression. Given the significa...

    Authors: Jacqueline Kuruppu, Cathy Humphreys, Gemma McKibbin and Kelsey Hegarty
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:48
  25. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood. Early diagnosis of these disorders allows for the initiation of early therapy, which is crucial for the...

    Authors: Mateusz Sobieski, Aleksandra Sobieska, Małgorzata Sekułowicz and Maria Magdalena Bujnowska-Fedak
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:46
  26. The increasing number of cases of prediabetes in the UK is concerning, particularly in Wales where there is no standard programme of support. The aim of the current service evaluation was to examine the effect...

    Authors: Rhys Thatcher, Nicholas Gregory, Wai Yee Cheung, Gareth J. Dunseath, Sharon N. Parsons, Mark Goodwin and Stephen D. Luzio
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:45
  27. To assess primary care physicians’ satisfaction towards initiation of phone consultation during COVID-19 pandemic management in Qatar and to identify the factors associated with dis/satisfaction.

    Authors: Marwa Neshnash, Nourhan Metwally, Mansoura Ismail, Anwar Joudeh, Ayman Al-Dahshan, Anna Ramish Sharif, Najma Sharief, Muna Nur and Nagah Selim
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:44
  28. Antibiotic resistance is a global health challenge and the close correlation between antibiotic use and the development of resistance makes it essential to maintain a rational use of antibiotics. Most antibiot...

    Authors: Nadia Filipsen, Holger Bro, Lars Bjerrum, Jens-Ulrik Staehr Jensen and Rune Aabenhus
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:43
  29. Patient participation in decision making is a basic tenet for a patient centred care experience and, has potential to improve care experiences and responsiveness in chronic diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus (...

    Authors: Martha Makwero, Adamson S. Muula, Felix Chima Anyanwu and Jude Igumbor
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:42
  30. Point-of-care testing (POCT) has numerous potential benefits to improve health care service, especially in resource-limited settings. We aim to identify which POC-tests (POCTs) of laboratory parameters are kno...

    Authors: Ricarda Oehme, Angelika Sabine Sandholzer-Yilmaz, Marcus Heise, Thomas Frese and Thomas Fankhaenel
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:41
  31. Thailand has been rapidly approaching an aging society in conjunction with an increase in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) especially hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Demographics and epidemiologic transitions...

    Authors: Boonsub Sakboonyarat, Mathirut Mungthin, Panadda Hatthachote, Yupaporn Srichan and Ram Rangsin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:40
  32. To meet increasing demand, healthcare systems may leverage shorter appointment lengths to compensate for a limited supply of primary care providers (PCPs). Limiting the time spent with patients when evaluating...

    Authors: Kristi M. Swanson, John C. Matulis III and Rozalina G. McCoy
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:39
  33. The promise of personalised medicine (PM) to transform healthcare has sparked great enthusiasm in the last years. Yet, its lack of consensus around the nature and scope of the concept has ended in terminologic...

    Authors: Marie S. Boyer, Daniel Widmer, Christine Cohidon, Béatrice Desvergne, Jacques Cornuz, Idris Guessous and Daniela Cerqui
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:37
  34. Sustainability of adherence to clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) represents an important indicator of the successful implementation in the primary care setting.

    Authors: Xian-Liang Liu, Tao Wang, Jing-Yu Tan, Simon Stewart, Raymond J. Chan, Sabina Eliseeva, Mary Janice Polotan and Isabella Zhao
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:36
  35. The 15-method: a new brief intervention tool for alcohol problems in primary care has shown promising results in Sweden for mild to moderate alcohol use disorders. The present study evaluated the 15-method’s u...

    Authors: Peter Næsborg Schøler, Jens Søndergaard, Sverre Barfod and Anette Søgaard Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:34
  36. The Hybrid Patient Care system integrates telehealth and in-clinic consultation. While COVID-19 increased telehealth use, healthcare providers are still seeking the best combination of virtual and in-clinic co...

    Authors: I. Mozes, D. Mossinson, H. Schilder, D. Dvir, O. Baron-Epel and A. Heymann
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:33
  37. There was an increase in self-reported mental health needs during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada, with research showing reduced access to mental health services in comparison to pre-pandemic levels. This pape...

    Authors: Jessica Spagnolo, Marie Beauséjour, Marie-Josée Fleury, Jean-François Clément, Claire Gamache, Carine Sauvé, Lyne Couture, Richard Fleet, Shane Knight, Christine Gilbert and Helen-Maria Vasiliadis
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:32
  38. While the elderly are facing greater health risks, they also face more serious inequalities in utilization of medical services. The family doctor contracted service is the core policy of the Chinese government...

    Authors: Shusheng Huang, Aitian Yin, Qianqian Liu and Xihong Sun
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:31
  39. Fever is a common symptom of benign childhood illness but a high fever may be a sign of a serious infection. Temperature is often used by parents to check for illness in their children, and the presence of a h...

    Authors: George Edwards, Susannah Fleming, Jan Y. Verbakel, Ann van den Bruel and Gail Hayward
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:30
  40. Antimicrobial resistance may result from inappropriate use of antibiotics in health care. Turkey is one of the countries with the highest antibiotic consumption in the world. Considering the role of transnati...

    Authors: Hilal Özcebe, Sarp Üner, Ozge Karadag, Achraf Daryani, Olga Gershuni, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Helmut Brand, Fabian Erdsiek, Tuğba Aksakal and Patrick Brzoska
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:29
  41. Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a leading risk factor for premature death worldwide. Ireland’s public healthcare system, the Health Service Executive (HSE), has supported the development of the National...

    Authors: Alison Bourke, Vikram Niranjan, Raymond O’Connor and Catherine Woods
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:28
  42. The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and the incisionless endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) weight loss procedures require further investigation of their efficacy, safety and patient-centered outcomes ...

    Authors: Prudence Carr, Tim Keighley, Peter Petocz, Michelle Blumfield, Graeme G. Rich, Felicity Cohen, Asha Soni, Isabella R. Maimone, Flavia Fayet-Moore, Elizabeth Isenring and Skye Marshall
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:26
  43. Patients with multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity) and additional psychosocial complexity are at higher risk of adverse outcomes. Establishing treatment or care plans for these patients must account fo...

    Authors: Linnaea Schuttner, Stacey Hockett Sherlock, Carol Simons, James D. Ralston, Ann-Marie Rosland, Karin Nelson, Jennifer R. Lee and George Sayre
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:25
  44. With the implementation of health care reforms in China, primary care is on a journey to provide care for most patients with type 2 diabetes. While Chinese general practitioners (GPs) have described challenges...

    Authors: Mi Yao, Dong-ying Zhang, Jie-ting Fan, Kai Lin, Shamil Haroon, Dawn Jackson, Hai Li, Wei Chen, Kar Keung Cheng and Richard Lehman
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:24
  45. In Germany, there are neither guidelines provided by the medical associations nor a public discussion about general practitioners (GPs) treating their family members. Only few studies on this topic from the pr...

    Authors: Natalie Alida Mücke, Alexandra Schmidt, Christine Kersting, Vera Kalitzkus, Michael Pentzek, Stefan Wilm and Achim Mortsiefer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:23

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Dr Betty Mousikou, Editor

BMBetty is the Editor of BMC Primary Care. Betty did first a BA in Primary Education at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, then an MA in Speech and Language Therapy, an MA in Cognitive Neuropsychology, and a BA in Linguistics at Complutense University of Madrid. She then moved to Sydney to do a PhD in Cognitive Science at Macquarie University. Before joining BMC, Betty worked in academia for 10 years: she was a Marie-Curie Experienced Researcher at Bangor University, a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Royal Holloway, University of London, and a Research Scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and at the University of Göttingen.

Senior Editorial Board Members

Dr Chaisiri Angkurawaranon

ChaisiNew Content Itemri Angkurawaranon received his MD from Chiang Mai University and specialises in Family Medicine. He received a Masters in Medical Statistics and a PhD in Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. His research focuses on global health issues related to ageing, and chronic conditions (both communicable and non-communicable) in primary care.



Professor Jean-François Chenot

JeanNew Content Item-François Chenot, MD, MPH, is Professor of General Practice at University Medicine Greifswald and practising GP in a rural practice in Pomerania. He has more than 20 years academic expertise in clinical general practice, research and education. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8877-2950




Professor Paul Van Royen

PaNew Content Itemul Van Royen, MD, PhD, is Professor of Family Medicine within the Department of Family Medicine and Population Health. He was Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (2012-18). He has more than 30 years academic expertise in clinical general practice and research. His academic work is directed at teaching and research in primary care. He is co-ordinator of several teaching modules and programs at undergraduate levels, as well as graduate and postgraduate levels. He was/is involved in several research projects, including several EU-funded projects within primary care, on respiratory infections and antibiotic prescribing, medical decision making, medical education, health care organization and data handling. He is author of more than 250 articles in peer-reviewed journals and reviewer of different scientific journals. At his department, he has developed a research centre with a strong expertise in qualitative research and systematic reviews. He is also co-ordinator of the Clinical Guidelines project for primary care in Belgium.