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  1. In the UK, about 14% of community-dwelling adults aged 65 and over are estimated to be at risk of malnutrition. Screening older adults in primary care and treating those at risk may help to reduce malnutrition...

    Authors: Liz Payne, Daniela Ghio, Elisabeth Grey, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Philine Harris, Michelle Sutcliffe, Sue Green, Helen C. Roberts, Caroline Childs, Sian Robinson, Bernard Gudgin, Pam Holloway, Jo Kelly, Kathy Wallis, Oliver Dean, Paul Aveyard…
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:219
  2. With the increasing attention for the role of General Practitioners (GPs) after cancer treatment, it is important to better understand the involvement of GPs following prostate cancer treatment. This study inv...

    Authors: Barbara M. Wollersheim, Mies van Eenbergen, Kristel M. van Asselt, Laurent M. C. L. Fossion, Evert L. Koldewijn, Jorg R. Oddens, Eric H. Oomens, Bart P. Wijsman, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse and Nicole P. M. Ezendam
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:218
  3. To create an effective community-based integrated care system, interprofessional collaboration based on healthcare professionals’ mutual understanding of their respective roles must be promoted. This study aim...

    Authors: Junji Haruta, Ryohei Goto, Sachiko Ozone and Tetsuhiro Maeno
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:217
  4. Common cold is a frequent illness in northern hemisphere between late autumn and early spring. Patients suffering from it frequently turn to pharmacists instead of physicians in order to receive medical advice...

    Authors: Malgorzata Pietrusiewicz, Paulina Natalia Kopa-Stojak and Rafal Pawliczak
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:216
  5. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH), but statin therapy, safe and effective for PLWH, is under-prescribed. This study examined clinic le...

    Authors: Allison J. Ober, Sae Takada, Deborah Zajdman, Ivy Todd, Tamara Horwich, Abraelle Anderson, Soma Wali and Joseph A. Ladapo
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:215
  6. Children and adolescents with overweight are known to have lower Quality of Life (QoL) compared to peers with a normal weight. QoL is a broad concept and is associated with many factors. A better understanding...

    Authors: Hevy Hassan, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels, Bart W. Koes and Marienke van Middelkoop
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:214
  7. Studies conducted to understand how family doctors develop resilience and deal with the challenges posed by work-related stress, usually have focused on identifying the elements that generate resilience from p...

    Authors: Roger Ruiz Moral, Diana Monge Martín, Cristina Garcia de Leonardo, Santiago Alvarez Montero and Fernando Caballero Martínez
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:213
  8. An increasing number of countries legalise the use of medical cannabis or allow it for a narrow range of medical conditions. Physicians, and often the patients’ general practitioner, play a major role in imple...

    Authors: Sabrina Trappaud Rønne, Frederik Rosenbæk, Line Bjørnskov Pedersen, Frans Boch Waldorff, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Helle Riisgaard and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:212
  9. It may take 15 years or longer before research evidence is integrated into clinical practice. This evidence-to-practice gap has deleterious effects on patients as well as research and clinical processes. Bring...

    Authors: Astrid Eich-Krohm, Bernt-Peter Robra, Yvonne Marx and Markus Herrmann
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:211
  10. Chronic pain and insomnia have a complex, bidirectional relationship – addressing sleep complaints alongside pain may be key to alleviating patient-reported distress and disability. Healthcare professionals ha...

    Authors: V. E. J. Collard, C. Moore, V. Nichols, D. R. Ellard, S. Patel, H. Sandhu, H. Parsons, U. Sharma, M. Underwood, J. Madan and N. K. Y. Tang
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:210
  11. Women who have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life, but their understanding of the risks is often limited. In this study we explored the ...

    Authors: Josie M. M. Evans, Aileen V. Ireland, Dawn M. Cameron, Kate M. Clarke and Claire E. Eades
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:209
  12. Polypharmacy is defined as the prescription of at least 5 different medicines for therapeutic or prophylactic effect and is a serious issue among elderly patients, who are frequently affected by multi-morbidit...

    Authors: Salvatore Crisafulli, Nicoletta Luxi, Raffaele Coppini, Annalisa Capuano, Cristina Scavone, Alessia Zinzi, Simona Vecchi, Graziano Onder, Janet Sultana and Gianluca Trifirò
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:208
  13. Continuity of care, in particular personal continuity, is a core principle of general practice and is associated with many benefits such as a better patient-provider relationship and lower mortality. However, ...

    Authors: Lex J. J. Groot, Henk J. Schers, Jako S. Burgers, Francois G. Schellevis, Martin Smalbrugge, Annemarie A. Uijen, Peter M. van de Ven, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Otto R. Maarsingh
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:207
  14. Central sensitization (CS) may explain the persistence of symptoms in patients with chronic pain and persistent physical symptoms (PPS). There is a need for assessing CS in the consultation room. In a recently...

    Authors: Carine den Boer, Berend Terluin, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Annette H. Blankenstein and Henriëtte E. van der Horst
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:206
  15. Singapore’s healthcare system presents an ideal context to learn from diverse public and private operational models and funding systems.

    Authors: Huiling Guo, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Meena Sundram, Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Wern Ee Tang and Angela Chow
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:205
  16. Timely detection and management of comorbid mental disorders in people with epilepsy is essential to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the performance of primary health care (PHC) wo...

    Authors: Ruth Tsigebrhan, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charles R. Newton, Martin J. Prince and Charlotte Hanlon
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:204
  17. Rural residents with chronic conditions have a stronger need for health services, which should make using family doctor contract services a priority. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of willingness among ...

    Authors: Jie Li, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Xue Tang, Zhixian Li, Shijun Yang, Chen Yan, Wenjuan Li, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:203
  18. The implementation of care concepts fitting the needs of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains challenging. In this context, psycho-emotional well-being is not routinely assessed, and under-research...

    Authors: Sigrid Boczor, Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Agata Menzel, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen and Martin Scherer
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:202
  19. Shoulder pain is a highly prevalent condition and a significant cause of morbidity and functional disability. Current data suggests that many patients presenting with shoulder pain at the primary care level ar...

    Authors: Breda H. F. Eubank, Sebastian W. Lackey, Mel Slomp, Jason R. Werle, Colleen Kuntze and David M. Sheps
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:201
  20. Adherence to guidelines for back pain continues to be a challenge, prompting strategies focused on improving education around biopsychosocial frameworks.

    Authors: Daniel I. Rhon, Rachel J. Mayhew, Tina A. Greenlee and Julie M. Fritz
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:200
  21. Detecting, treating and monitoring anaemia has a functional, social and economic impact on patients’ quality of life and the health system, since inadequate monitoring can lead to more accident & emergency vis...

    Authors: Boris Trenado Luengo, Rosa García-Sierra, Maria Asunción Wilke Trinxant, Esther Díaz Mondelo, Ramon Miralles Baseda, Maria Magdalena Lladó Blanch, Maria del Pilar Montero Alia and Pere Toran-Monserrat
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:199
  22. The patient-oriented and need-based care of multi-morbid patients with healthcare services and assistive products can be a highly complex task for the general practitioners (GPs). An algorithm-based digital recom...

    Authors: Peggy Borchers, Steve Piller, Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt and Antje Bergmann
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:198
  23. Osteopathy is a type of complementary medicine based on specific manual techniques. In many countries, including Germany, the profession is not officially regulated, and evidence for the effectiveness of osteo...

    Authors: Gordian L. Schmid, Jeremias Kluge, Tobias Deutsch, Anne-Kathrin Geier, Markus Bleckwenn, Susanne Unverzagt and Thomas Frese
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:197
  24. With increasing interest in direct access to physiotherapy, it is important to consider the physiotherapists (PTs) ability to make correct management decisions, because identification of differential diagnosti...

    Authors: Cecilie Rud Budtz, Helle Rønn-Smidt, Janus Nikolaj Laust Thomsen, Rikke Pilegaard Hansen and David Høyrup Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:196
  25. Although general practitioners (GPs) are generally considered as the first point of contact for care, this may be different for persons with complex conditions, such as those with spinal cord injury (SCI). The...

    Authors: Dima Touhami, Mirjam Brach, Stefan Essig, Elias Ronca, Isabelle Debecker, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Nadja Münzel and Armin Gemperli
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:195
  26. Poverty has a significant influence on health. Efforts to optimize income and reduce poverty could make a difference to the lives of patients and their families. Routine screening for poverty in primary care i...

    Authors: Kimberly Wintemute, Meh Noor, Aashka Bhatt, Gary Bloch, Suja Arackal, Sumeet Kalia, Babak Aliarzadeh, Sabrina La Tona, Joyce Lo, Andrew D. Pinto and Michelle Greiver
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:194
  27. The COVID-19 pandemic has driven primary healthcare (PHC) providers to use telehealth as an alternative to traditional face-to-face consultations. Providing telehealth that meets the needs of patients in a pan...

    Authors: Mylaine Breton, Erin E. Sullivan, Nadia Deville-Stoetzel, Danielle McKinstry, Matthew DePuccio, Abi Sriharan, Véronique Deslauriers, Anson Dong and Ann Scheck McAlearney
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:192
  28. Chinese residents’ practical work experiences are different from those described in Western studies. To explore potential mechanisms underlying the effects of doctor-patient relationships on medical residents’...

    Authors: Guangwei Deng, Wenjun Cai, Monica Yang, Jonathan Lio, Chenpeng Feng, Xiaopeng Ma and Liang Liang
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:191
  29. General practitioners (GPs) can be considered the designated professionals to identify high fall risk and to guide older people to fall preventive care. Currently it is not exactly known how GPs treat this ris...

    Authors: Wytske M. A. Meekes, Chantal J. Leemrijse, Yvette M. Weesie, Ien A. M. van de Goor, Gé A. Donker and Joke C. Korevaar
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:190
  30. To study the competency of general practitioners (GPs) in Shanghai, China on prevention and management of type 2 diabetes, also understand factors that may prohibit it.

    Authors: Yaling Li, Yunyun Yan, Huimin Dai, Yuan Cheng, Qian Huang, Jie Shao, Jianmin Zhou, Haitang Wang, Pingyang Liu, Ao Shen, Yikai Mi and Zhaohui Du
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:189
  31. Many primary care patients receive both medical and chiropractic care; however, interprofessional relations between physicians and chiropractors are often suboptimal which may adversely affect care of shared p...

    Authors: Jason W. Busse, Sushmitha Pallapothu, Brian Vinh, Vivienne Lee, Lina Abril, Albana Canga, John J. Riva, Daniel Viggiani, Marc Dilauro, Marie-Pierre Harvey, Isabelle Pagé, Avneet K. Bhela, Serena Sandhu, Oluwatoni Makanjuola, Muhammad Taaha Hassan, Ainsley Moore…
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:188
  32. Adequate health literacy (HL) levels contribute to good health outcomes and successful disease self-management in patients with chronic disease. Hence, it is essential that family doctors recognize patients wi...

    Authors: Stephanie Stock, Sibel Altin, Farah Nawabi, Daniele Civello, Arim Shukri, Marcus Redaèlli and Adrienne Alayli
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:187
  33. Persons living with dementia have various health and social care needs and expectations, some which are not fully met by health providers, including primary care clinicians. The Quebec Alzheimer plan, implemen...

    Authors: Vladimir Khanassov, Laura Rojas-Rozo, Rosa Sourial, Xin Qiang Yang and Isabelle Vedel
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:186
  34. More than 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, but 50% may be unnecessary. Reducing unnecessary antibiotic overuse is needed to limit antimicrobial resistance. We conducted a pragmatic trial of a...

    Authors: Warren McIsaac, Sahana Kukan, Ella Huszti, Leah Szadkowski, Braden O’Neill, Sophia Virani, Noah Ivers, Rosemarie Lall, Navsheer Toor, Mruna Shah, Ruby Alvi, Aashka Bhatt, Yoshiko Nakamachi and Andrew M. Morris
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:185
  35. Access to healthcare has been strongly affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which has raised concerns about the increased risk of delays in receiving medical care. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Kojiro Morita, Ryota Inokuchi, Xueying Jin, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:184
  36. Patient safety is defined as an activity that minimizes and removes possible errors and injuries to patients. A number of factors have been found to influence patient safety management, including the facilitie...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kosiek, Iwona Staniec, Maciej Godycki-Cwirko, Adam Depta and Anna Kowalczyk
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:183
  37. Persistent somatic symptoms (PSS) are common in primary care and often accompanied by an increasing disease burden for both the patient and healthcare. In medical practice, PSS is historically considered a dia...

    Authors: Willeke M. Kitselaar, Rosalie van der Vaart, Madelon van Tilborg-den Boeft, Hedwig M. M. Vos, Mattijs E. Numans and Andrea W. M. Evers
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:182

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2021 22:236

  38. In addition to the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic to physical health, mental health is challenged by the emotional response to the situation and the official measures taken to stop the pandemic. This study ai...

    Authors: Laura Diaz Hernandez, Stéphanie Giezendanner, Roland Fischer and Andreas Zeller
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:181
  39. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health asked Singapore’s private general practitioners (GPs) to perform swab testing in their clinics, but some GPs had concerns about swabber protection. Our aim ...

    Authors: Boon See Teo, Esther Li, Yi-Lin Khoo, Michelle Evaristo, Yang Fang and Helen E. Smith
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:180

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2021 22:222

  40. The use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to cope with mental distress and pain issues has helped many patients in primary health care in Sweden. However, the effects of CBT to reduce sick leave has not be...

    Authors: Åsa Kadowaki, Anna-Karin Alvunger, Hanna Israelsson Larsen, Anna Persdotter, Marta Stelmach Zak, Peter Johansson and Fredrik H. Nystrom
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:179
  41. Inappropriate imaging and low-value care for low back pain (LBP) are common. A new patient-education booklet was created to overcome identified barriers to the delivery of recommended care, including the use o...

    Authors: Anna S. Simula, Hazel J. Jenkins, Mark J. Hancock, Antti Malmivaara, Neill Booth and Jaro Karppinen
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:178
  42. Evidence on specific interventions to improve diabetes control in primary care is available, but this evidence is not always well-implemented. The concept of “mindlines” has been proposed to explain how clinic...

    Authors: John W. Epling, Michelle S. Rockwell, Allison D. Miller and M. Colette Carver
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:177
  43. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) are at high-risk of readmission after hospital discharge. There is conflicting evidence however on whether timely f...

    Authors: Sarah Griffiths, Gaibrie Stephen, Tara Kiran and Karen Okrainec
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:176
  44. Implementation of a care manager in a collaborative care team in Swedish primary care via a randomized controlled trial showed successful outcome. As four years have elapsed since the implementation of care ma...

    Authors: Irene Svenningsson, Dominique Hange, Camilla Udo, Karin Törnbom, Cecilia Björkelund and Eva-Lisa Petersson
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:175
  45. The coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) tested health care systems worldwide. This qualitative study aimed to explore and understand the experiences, beliefs and concerns of Primary Care Professionals (PCPs) regar...

    Authors: Emmanouil Smyrnakis, Despoina Symintiridou, Martha Andreou, Michael Dandoulakis, Elias Theodoropoulos, Stamatia Kokkali, Chrysanthi Manolaki, Dimitra Iosifina Papageorgiou, Charis Birtsou, Aristofanis Paganas, Panagiotis Stachteas, Nikolaos Vlachopoulos, Ilias Pagkozidis, Akis Zeimbekis, Violeta Roka, Anastasios Giakoumis…
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:174
  46. A SARS-CoV-2 infection can lead from asymptomatic through to critical disease in a dynamic and unpredictable course within a few days. The challenge in outpatient monitoring the highly contagious COVID-19 dise...

    Authors: Mariell Hoffmann, Sandra Stengel, Johanna Forstner, Annika Baldauf, Gunter Laux, Frank Aluttis, Markus Qreini, Peter Engeser, Joachim Szecsenyi and Frank Peters-Klimm
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:173
  47. Influenza-like illness (ILI) and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are a considerable health problem in Europe. Most diagnoses are made by family physicians (FPs) and based on symptoms and clinical signs rath...

    Authors: Nicola Buono, Michael Harris, Carmine Farinaro, Ferdinando Petrazzuoli, Angelo Cavicchi, Filippo D’Addio, Amedeo Scelsa, Baldassarre Mirra, Enrico Napolitano and Jean K. Soler
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:172
  48. The “5 + 3” residency training is the main stream general practitioner training program in China. However, a competency model is absent for evaluating the clinical competence attained by general practitioners ...

    Authors: Yun Wei, Feiyue Wang, Zhaolu Pan, Meirong Wang, Guanghui Jin, Yanli Liu and Xiaoqin Lu
    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:171

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