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  1. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are one of the most widely prescribed drug classes in the community and at hospital. The significant misuse of PPIs requires the implementation for a deprescribing strategy. Numer...

    Authors: Pauline Gendre, Julie Mocquard, Pascal Artarit, Anicet Chaslerie, Pascal Caillet and Jean-François Huon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:341
  2. Behavioral treatments can augment the success of pharmacotherapy in smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to compare smoking quit rates between patients receiving individual counseling with their genera...

    Authors: Ilan Yehoshua, Limor Adler, Sharon Alon Hermoni, Miri Mizrahi Reuveni, Avital Bilitzky, Keren Oren and Galia Zacay
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:340
  3. Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading complaints in the ambulatory setting. There are many ways to treat it, including pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches. Dry needling (DN) is an option that i...

    Authors: Ilan Yehoshua, Oded Rimon, Miri Mizrahi Reuveni, Roni Peleg and Limor Adler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:339
  4. Despite the widespread implementation of Health Care for the Homeless programs that focus on comprehensive, integrated delivery systems of health care for people experiencing homelessness, engaging and retaini...

    Authors: Jahanett Ramirez, Liana J. Petruzzi, Timothy Mercer, Lauren E. Gulbas, Katherine R. Sebastian and Elizabeth A. Jacobs
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:338
  5. While rural physicians are the ideal candidates to investigate health and healthcare issues in rural communities, they often lack the required skills, competencies, and resources. As a result, research skills ...

    Authors: Shabnam Asghari, Jonathan Price, Nahid Rahimipour Anaraki, Hensley Hubert Mariathas, Cheri Bethune, Wendy Graham and Andrew Graham
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:337
  6. The prevalence of coronary artery disease is increasing due to the aging population and increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. Non-acute chest pain often is the first symptom of stable coronary ...

    Authors: Simone van den Bulk, Wouter A. Spoelman, Paul R. M. van Dijkman, Mattijs E. Numans and Tobias N. Bonten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:336
  7. The COVID-19 pandemic has been pervasive in its impact on all aspects of Canadian society. Along with its pervasiveness, the disease provided unprecedented complexity to the Canadian healthcare infrastructure,...

    Authors: Nahid Rahimipour Anaraki, Meghraj Mukhopadhyay, Yordan Karaivanov, Margo Wilson and Shabnam Asghari
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:335
  8. Though evidence on the detrimental impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in nursing homes is vast, research focusing on general practitioners’ (GP) care during the pandemic in nursing homes is still scarce.

    Authors: Anja Kühl, Christian Hering, Wolfram J. Herrmann, Annabell Gangnus, Raphael Kohl, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Adelheid Kuhlmey and Paul Gellert
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:334
  9. The first wave of COVID-19 in Calgary, Alberta accelerated the integration of primary care with the province’s centrally managed health system. This integration aimed to deliver wraparound in-community patient...

    Authors: Fariba Aghajafari, Brian Hansen, Kerry McBrien, Myles Leslie, Alexandra Chiew, Rick Ward, Bing Li and Jia Hu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:333
  10. Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths for both men and women in the U.S., yet uptake of preventive cancer screening for people with a heavy smoking history remains low. This qualitativ...

    Authors: Meghan C. Martinez, Cheryl D. Stults and Jiang Li
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:332
  11. Homelessness is a robust social determinant of acute care service utilization among veterans. Although intensive outpatient programs have been developed for homeless veterans who are high utilizers of acute c...

    Authors: Daniel Blonigen, David Smelson, Jennifer Smith, Nicole Baldwin, D. Keith McInnes, Ivan Raikov, Jillian Weber and Justeen Hyde
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:331
  12. Medicinal cannabis (MC) products have been available on prescription in Australia for around six years. General practitioners (GPs) are at the forefront of MC prescribing and recent years have seen substantial...

    Authors: Zeeta Bawa, Danielle McCartney, Ramesh Manocha and Iain S. McGregor
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:330
  13. Incident depression is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and increased morbidity and mortality. Treatment of depression with antidepressants and psychotherapy can be beneficial for these patients to...

    Authors: Habiba Jahan, Carla Bernardo, David Gonzalez-Chica, Jill Benson and Nigel Stocks
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:329
  14. During vocational general practice training, the content of each trainee’s (in Australia, registrars’) in-consultation clinical experience is expected to entail a breadth of conditions that exemplify general p...

    Authors: Andrew Davey, Amanda Tapley, Mieke van Driel, Elizabeth Holliday, Alison Fielding, Jean Ball, Katie Mulquiney, Katie Fisher, Neil Spike, Lisa Clarke, Dominica Moad, Anna Ralston, Irena Patsan, Benjamin Mundy, Alexandria Turner, Jordan Tait…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:328
  15. Routinely collected health data from ambulatory care providers offer a wide range of research opportunities. However, the access is often (e.g., technically) hindered, particularly in Germany. In the following...

    Authors: Christoph Strumann, Paul-Georg Blickle, Wolfgang C. G. von Meißner and Jost Steinhäuser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:327
  16. The STarT MSK cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigated the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of risk-based stratified primary care versus usual care for patients with back, neck, shoulder, knee or...

    Authors: Benjamin Saunders, Adrian Chudyk, Joanne Protheroe, Vincent Cooper, Bernadette Bartlam, Hollie Birkinshaw, Nadine E Foster and Jonathan C Hill
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:326
  17. Since COVID-19 emerged, over 514 million COVID-19 cases and 6 million COVID-19-related deaths have been reported worldwide. Older persons receiving home health care often have co-morbidities that require advan...

    Authors: Lina Emmesjö, Jenny Hallgren and Catharina Gillsjö
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:325
  18. To examine the implementation of a physiotherapist-driven spirometry case finding service in primary care to identify new cases of COPD and confirm diagnosis of existing cases of COPD.

    Authors: Lisa Pagano, Sarah Dennis, Sally Wootton, Sriram Mahadev, Andrew S. L. Chan, Nicholas Zwar, Deborah Pallavicini and Zoe McKeough
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:324
  19. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent disease worldwide. A basic pillar for the management of a patient with CKD is the safe use of drugs. Inadequate dosing of medication or contraindicated drugs ...

    Authors: Sonia Ruiz-Boy, Montserrat Rodriguez-Reyes, Joan Clos-Soldevila and Marina Rovira-Illamola
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:323
  20. Prescribing benzodiazepines to patients taking chronic opioid analgesic therapy increases risks of adverse events. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended avoidance of benzodiazepin...

    Authors: Nancy V. Koch and Richard J. Butterfield III
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:322
  21. Timely initiation of advance care planning (ACP) in general practice is challenging, especially in patients with non-malignant conditions. Our aim was to investigate how perceived optimal timing of ACP initiat...

    Authors: Willemijn Tros, Jenny T. van der Steen, Janine Liefers, Reinier Akkermans, Henk Schers, Mattijs E. Numans, Petra G. van Peet and A. Stef Groenewoud
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:321
  22. In March 2020, Canada implemented restrictions to curb viral transmission of COVID-19, which resulted in abrupt disruptions to conventional (in-person) clinical care. To retain continuity of care the delivery ...

    Authors: Alexander Singer, Leanne Kosowan, Lisa LaBine, Daniel Shenoda, Alan Katz, Elissa M Abrams, Gayle Halas, Sabrina T. Wong, Siddhesh Talpade, Sarah Kirby, Alanna Baldwin and Jose Francois
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:320
  23. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is particularly common in young women and the elderly. The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Copenhagen, Denmark can be reached by calling either of two dedicated telephone line...

    Authors: Jeske Verhoeven, Helle Collatz Christensen, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Simone Böbel, Mirjam Scholz and Thomas Krafft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:319
  24. Despite its special importance among different age groups, the middle-aged male group has often been neglected in the Iranian health system. The aim of this study was to examine, from the perspective of primar...

    Authors: Nayeb Fadaei Dehcheshmeh, Seyed Mehdi Emamian Fard, Tayebeh Roghani, Parvin Mohammadi and Farzad Faraji-Khiavi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:318
  25. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 I) has cardiorenal protective properties and are recommended for patients with diabetes and established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and/or c...

    Authors: Ngai Mui Ng, Yeung Shing Ng, Tsun Kit Chu and Phyllis Lau
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:317
  26. Mental disorders are frequent in primary care settings, which is challenging for primary care physicians. In Neuchâtel (Switzerland), a Consultation-Liaison psychiatrist integrated three primary care group pra...

    Authors: Konstantinos Tzartzas, Pierre-Nicolas Oberhauser, Régis Marion-Veyron and Stéphane Saillant
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:316
  27. Providing medical care to newly arrived migrants presents multiple challenges. A major challenge is a lack of a common language in the absence of language interpretation services. We examine the multilingualis...

    Authors: Frank Müller, Harland Holman, Eva Hummers, Dominik Schröder and Eva Maria Noack
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:315
  28. Guidelines recommend to prescribe a laxative with an opioid to prevent constipation. We aimed to determine the adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to this recommendation and to explore which GP- and patie...

    Authors: Karin Hek, Fouzia Lghoul-Oulad Saïd, Joke C. Korevaar, Linda E. Flinterman, Liset van Dijk and Patricia M. L. A. van den Bemt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:312
  29. Recruitment of sufficient participants for clinical trials remains challenging. Primary care is an important avenue for patient recruitment but is underutilized. We developed and pilot tested a questionnaire t...

    Authors: Morgan M. Millar, Teresa Taft and Charlene R. Weir
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:311
  30. Primary healthcare (PHC) providers are widely acknowledged for putting the most efficient and long-lasting efforts for addressing community health issues and promoting health equity. This study aimed to explor...

    Authors: Lusine Aslanyan, Zaruhi Arakelyan, Astghik Atanyan, Arpine Abrahamyan, Manya Karapetyan and Serine Sahakyan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:310
  31. The interdisciplinary research training group (POKAL) aims to improve care for patients with depression and multimorbidity in primary care.

    Authors: J Gensichen, K Lukaschek, C Jung-Sievers, P Falkai, A Schmitt, P Henningsen, T Dreischulte, G Pitschel-Walz, H Krcmar, M Böhm, B Prommegger, K Linde, A Drescher, P Schönweger, C Haas, C Brand…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:309
  32. The coronavirus pandemic poses many challenges for medical personnel. During the first phase of the pandemic, psychological stress became increasingly apparent. This was a complex and difficult situation, espe...

    Authors: Anna-Maria von Oltersdorff-Kalettka, Janina Meinel, Karen Voigt, Thomas Mundt, Markus Bleckwenn, Antje Bergmann and Mandy Gottschall
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:308
  33. More and more patients need complex care, especially the elderly. For various reasons, this is becoming increasingly difficult. The onus is essentially on family physicians to provide this care and family medi...

    Authors: K. W.J. Koetsenruijter, W. Veldhuijzen, J. De Lepeleire, Y van Leeuwen, J. W.M. Muris and P. W. Teunissen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:307
  34. People with intellectual disability experience inadequate access to general practice and poorer health outcomes than the general population. While some access barriers have been identified for this population,...

    Authors: Bradley Shea, Jodie Bailie, Sally Hall Dykgraaf, Nicola Fortune, Nicholas Lennox and Ross Bailie
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:306
  35. The management of risk factors in patients with high cardiovascular risk and its effectiveness is of paramount importance. Over the last decade, several studies have examined the achievement of cardiovascular ...

    Authors: Zoltán Jancsó, Orsolya Csenteri, Gergő József Szőllősi, Péter Vajer and Péter Andréka
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:305
  36. For more than 20 years, and despite the development of new social networks, health forums have remained a privileged place for people to discuss health issues. This study investigates the motivations of partic...

    Authors: C. Blanc-Bisson, A.-L. Benazeth, V. Montané, C. Adam, P. Dzeraviashka and Y.-M. Vincent
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:304
  37. Blood pressure control is suboptimal in more than half of treated hypertensive patients. The purpose of this study was to assess perceived risk of high blood pressure sequelae and adherence to medications in k...

    Authors: Ramin Shiraly, Ali Khani Jeihooni and Rozita Bakhshizadeh Shirazi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:303
  38. Audit and Feedback (A&F), a strategy aimed at promoting modified practice through performance feedback, is a method to change provider behaviour and reduce unnecessary medical services. This study aims to asse...

    Authors: Alexander Singer, Leanne Kosowan, Elissa M. Abrams, Alan Katz, Lisa Lix, Katrina Leong and Allison Paige
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:302
  39. High-cost (HC) patients, defined as the small percentage of the population that accounts for a high proportion of health care expenditures, are a concern worldwide. Previous studies have found that the occurre...

    Authors: Zhong Li, Yixun Li, Ziqin Ding, Yunxi Tao, Liang Zhang and Ruibo He
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:301
  40. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated a rapid shift in primary health care from predominantly in-person to high volumes of virtual care. The pandemic afforded the opportunity to conduct a deep region...

    Authors: Bridget L. Ryan, Judith Belle Brown, Thomas R. Freeman, Lucie Richard, Moira Stewart, Leslie Meredith, Yun-Hee Choi, Jennifer Wei He, Sonny Cejic, Keith Thompson, Sonja Reichert, Salimah Z. Shariff, Richard Booth, Amanda L. Terry and Maria Mathews
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:300
  41. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), assessment of both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria are necessary for stratifying risk and determining the need for nephrology referral. The Kidney D...

    Authors: Chi D. Chu, Neil R. Powe, Michael G. Shlipak, Rebecca Scherzer, Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, Michelle M. Estrella and Delphine S. Tuot
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:299
  42. The current guidelines for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of hypertension recommend six types of non-pharmacological interventions: alcohol reduction, salt intake reduction, increased po...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Zeljko Pedisic and Maximilian de Courten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:298
  43. Sustained, routine care is vital to the health of people with HIV (PWH) and decreasing transmission of HIV. We evaluated whether the identification of PWH at-risk of falling out of care and prompts for outreac...

    Authors: Michael B. Wohlfeiler, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Laurence Brunet, Jennifer S. Fusco, Christine Uranaka, Quateka Cochran, Monica Palma, Tammeka Evans, Carl Millner and Gregory P. Fusco
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:297
  44. Benzydamine hydrochloride is a locally-acting Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) with combined local anesthetic and analgesic properties, indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain in acute sore th...

    Authors: Desiderio Passali, Veronica Barat, Olga Cadevall, Hugo Miguel Freire, Ignazio Grattagliano, Ioan Gutu, Ralph Mösges and Andrey Pavlysh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:296
  45. Little is known about the pattern and appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs).

    Authors: Khaoula Bel Haj Ali, Adel Sekma, Selma Messous, Imen Trabelsi, Jalel Ben Youssef, Hamida Maghraoui, Rabie Razgallah, Adel walha, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Kaouthar Beltaief, Zied Mezgar, Ahmed Coubantini, Wahid Bouida, Mohamed Amine Msolli, Riadh Boukef, Hamdi Boubaker…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:295
  46. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a rapid shift to virtual care in primary care practices around the globe. There has been little focus on the experiences of interprofessional teams through the lens of primary ...

    Authors: Catherine Donnelly, Christine Mills, Sandeep Gill, Kavita Mehta and Rachelle Ashcroft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:294
  47. The rising prevalence of prediabetes increases the population risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Early identification by General Practitioners (GPs) provide...

    Authors: Andrew Leigh, Jennifer Hunter, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt and Eugen Molodysky
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:292

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