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  1. One in four Canadians is a family caregiver. Family caregivers (carers, care-partners) are relatives or chosen family, friends, or neighbors who provide 75 to 90% of the care for people with physical or mental...

    Authors: Jasneet Parmar, Sara Hafeez, Tanya L’Heureux, Lesley Charles, Josephine Tite, Peter George J. Tian and Sharon Anderson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:80
  2. The COVID-19 pandemic immensely impacted care provision, including quality of care in general practice. This paper aimed: (1) to assess how Belgian general practices acted upon the six dimensions of quality of...

    Authors: Esther Van Poel, Pierre Vanden Bussche, Benoît Pétré, Cécile Ponsar, Claire Collins, Michel De Jonghe, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Nicolas Gillain, Michèle Guillaume and Sara Willems
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 24(Suppl 1):282

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 24 Supplement 1

  3. About one million people in need of home care in Germany are assisted by 15,400 home care services. Home healthcare is mostly a complex endeavour because interprofessional collaboration is often challenging. T...

    Authors: Uta Sekanina, Britta Tetzlaff, Ana Mazur, Tilman Huckle, Anja Kühn, Richard Dano, Carolin Höckelmann, Martin Scherer, Katrin Balzer, Sascha Köpke, Eva Hummers and Christiane Müller
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:79
  4. Polypharmacy is easily achieved in elderly patients with multimorbidity and it is associated with a higher risk of potentially inappropriate medication use and worse health outcomes. Studies have shown that de...

    Authors: Tânia Coelho, Inês Rosendo and Carlos Seiça Cardoso
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:78
  5. The aim of this study was to develop a web-based tool for patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) to communicate concerns about treatment burden to their healthcare providers.

    Authors: David T. Eton, Kathleen J. Yost, Jennifer L. Ridgeway, Bayly Bucknell, Mike Wambua, Natalie C. Erbs, Summer V. Allen, Elizabeth A. Rogers, Roger T. Anderson and Mark Linzer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:77
  6. To support self-management of chronically ill persons, innovative approaches of care practice are being developed. Unfortunately, many self-management supporting interventions struggle to achieve reliable and ...

    Authors: Lotte Timmermans, Dagje Boeykens, Muhammed Mustafa Sirimsi, Dominique Van de Velde, Patricia De Vriendt, Peter Decat, Veerle Foulon, Ann Van Hecke, Mieke Vermandere and Birgitte Schoenmakers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:76
  7. Medicare provides significant funding to improve, encourage and coordinate better practices in primary care. Medicare-rebated Chronic Disease Management (CDM) plans are a structured approach to managing chroni...

    Authors: Maryam Ghasemiardekani, Georgina Willetts, Kerry Hood and Wendy Cross
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:75
  8. Physician burnout remains a prevalent issue globally, negatively affecting work satisfaction and patient care. However, exploration of the physical work environments of physicians, a potential influencing fact...

    Authors: Yaara Bentulila, Liat Lev Shalem, Bar Cohen and Limor Adler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:74
  9. Several studies showed that during the pandemic patients have refrained from visiting their general practitioner (GP). This resulted in medical care being delayed, postponed or completely forgone. The provisio...

    Authors: Joris L. J. M. Müskens, Tim C. Olde Hartman, Henk J. Schers, Reinier P. Akkermans, Gert P. Westert, Rudolf B. Kool and Simone A. van Dulmen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:73
  10. Since the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, awareness of infection prevention and control (IPC) has increased in primary care settings. This study aimed to examine behavioural determinants shaping ...

    Authors: Famke Houben, Casper DJ den Heijer, Mitch van Hensbergen, Nicole HTM Dukers-Muijrers, Eefje GPM de Bont and Christian JPA Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:72
  11. The COVID-19 pandemic brought significant changes to dental care, which may have affected pediatric dental care offered in primary healthcare settings. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quant...

    Authors: Rúbia Vanessa Figueiredo dos Santos, Fernanda Maria Rovai Bado, Inara Pereira da Cunha and Marcelo de Castro Meneghim
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:71
  12. During the COVID-19 pandemic, older patients in primary care were triaged based on their frailty or assumed vulnerability for poor outcomes, while evidence on the prognostic value of vulnerability measures in ...

    Authors: Hannah M. la Roi-Teeuw, Kim Luijken, Marieke T. Blom, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Simon P. Mooijaart, Harmke A. Polinder-Bos, Maarten van Smeden, Geert-Jan Geersing and Carline J. van den Dries
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:70
  13. Physiotherapists working in collaboration with family physicians in French multidisciplinary primary healthcare clinics are now able to manage acute low back pain patients as first-contact practitioners in adv...

    Authors: Amélie Kechichian, Dylan Pommier, Léo Druart, Véronique Lowry, Nicolas Pinsault and François Desmeules
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:69
  14. Families face a range of barriers in supporting their children’s active play in nature including family circumstances, environmental constraints, and behavioral factors. Evidence-based strategies to address th...

    Authors: Georgia M. Griffin, Carolina Nieto, Kirsten Senturia, Marshall Brown, Kimberly Garrett, Elizabeth Nguyen, Danette Glassy, Emily Kroshus and Pooja Tandon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:68
  15. Today, economic and social determinants of health in slum settlements are at the policymakers’ center of attention. Iran has had an excellent experience in the Primary Health Care Program. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Aboalfazl Marvi, Fatemeh Kokabisaghi, Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee, Ehsan Moallem and Javad Moghri
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:67
  16. Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading preventable cause of nongenetic mental disability. Given the patient care pathway, the General Practitioner (GP) is in the front line of prevention and id...

    Authors: Sébastien Leruste, Bérénice Doray, Thierry Maillard, Christophe Lebon, Catherine Marimoutou and Michel Spodenkiewicz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:66
  17. Adaptation to climate change (CC) is a priority for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the Caribbean, as these countries and territories are particularly vulnerable to climate-related events. Primary hea...

    Authors: Fiona Harris-Glenville and Patrick Cloos
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:65
  18. Ensuring equal access to primary care services is crucial, as the gateway to a higher level of care. Indonesia has been trying to increase financial access to medical care by administering national health insu...

    Authors: Afina Nur Fauziyyah, Akira Shibanuma, Ken Ing Cherng Ong and Masamine Jimba
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:64
  19. Patient-physician relationships in healthcare can influence healthcare provision, patient engagement, and health outcomes. Little is known about youth preferences on types and characteristics of their healthca...

    Authors: Marika Waselewski, Xochitl Amaro, Ryan Huerto, Jessica Berger, Marcus Spinelli da Silva, Kate Siroky, Anthony Torres and Tammy Chang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:63
  20. Recognition of poor performance in General Practice trainees is important because underperformance compromises patients’ health and safety. However, in General Practice, research on persistent underperformance...

    Authors: Judith A. Godschalx-Dekker, Charlotte A. M. Sijbom, Pieter C. Barnhoorn and Walther N. K. A. van Mook
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:61
  21. Physical inactivity is associated with feelings of burnout and fatigue, which in turn are associated with reduced performance among healthcare practitioners. This study explored movement behaviours of general ...

    Authors: Richard S. Mayne, Gregory J. H. Biddle, Charlotte L Edwardson, Nigel D. Hart, Amanda J. Daley and Neil Heron
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:60
  22. Cardiovascular diseases are becoming more frequent throughout the world. Adherence to both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, as well as lifestyles, is important for good management and control...

    Authors: Álvaro Carbonell-Soliva, Rauf Nouni-García, Adriana López-Pineda, Alberto Cordero-Fort, Virtudes Pérez-Jover, Jose A. Quesada, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán, Andreu Nolasco, Jose Maria Castellano-Vázquez, Jose Joaquín Mira-Solves, Vicente F. Gil-Guillen and Concepción Carratala-Munuera
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:59
  23. China is implementing the family doctor (FD) system to reform the primary healthcare (PHC). The family doctor contract service (FDCS) policy plays a crucial role in this system implementation, aiming to transf...

    Authors: Linni Gu, Xiaoying Wang and Donghua Tian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:58
  24. Mental health issues have been an ongoing major cause of global disability exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The unique challenges have been the high contagiousness of COVID-19 and atypical PTSD presentati...

    Authors: Lilian Skilbeck, Daniela Antonie and Stephen Crane
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:57
  25. Primary health care is the setting for most patients with stress-related mental health problems. Good care processes are important for patients with stress-related mental health problems and the complex needs ...

    Authors: Susanne Ellbin, Agneta Lindegård, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir and Elisabeth Dahlborg
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:56
  26. Since 2010, an increasing number of patients have participated in a nurse-led integrated cardiovascular risk management programme in the Netherlands. Because it is important to understand which patients discon...

    Authors: Geert H.J.M. Smits, Sander van Doorn, Michiel L. Bots and Monika Hollander
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:55
  27. Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality if not properly managed. Primary care has a major impact on these outcomes if its strengths, such as continuity of care, are deployed wisely. The anal...

    Authors: Christoph Strumann, Nicola J. Engler, Wolfgang C. G. von Meissner, Paul-Georg Blickle and Jost Steinhäuser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:54
  28. A significant policy change impacting the availability of nicotine for use in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in Australia took effect from October 1, 2021. This change meant that nicotine containing liqu...

    Authors: Melis Selamoglu, Bircan Erbas, Hester Wilson and Chris Barton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:53
  29. Primary care is integral to the health system and population health. Primary care research is still in development and most academic departments lack effective research investments. High impact primary care re...

    Authors: Allison Gayapersad, Mary Ann O’Brien, Christopher Meaney, Ishan Aditya, Julia Baxter and Peter Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:52
  30. Self-management support has been recognized as one of the most essential elements of the Chronic Care Model (CCM). Inspired by the CCM, the EMPOWER-SUSTAIN Global Cardiovascular Risks Self-Management Booklet© was...

    Authors: Mohamad Abu Zar Abdul-Halim, Noorhida Baharudin, Hasidah Abdul-Hamid, Mohamed-Syarif Mohamed-Yassin, Maryam Hannah Daud, Siti Fatimah Badlishah-Sham, Suraya Abdul-Razak and Anis Safura Ramli
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:51
  31. Failing to comprehend risk communication might contribute to poor treatment adherence. Using hypertension as a case, we investigated how a risk communication tool for patients with an elevated risk of cardiova...

    Authors: Anders Elkær Jensen, Jens Søndergaard, Niels Kristian Kjær and Jesper Bo Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:50
  32. Australian cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines recommend absolute CVD risk assessment, but less than half of eligible patients have the required risk factors recorded due to fragmented implement...

    Authors: Carissa Bonner, Samuel Cornell, Kristen Pickles, Carys Batcup, Carl de Wet, Mark Morgan, Kim Greaves, Denise O’Connor, Anna L Hawkes, Paul Crosland, Niamh Chapman and Jenny Doust
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:49
  33. This study aimed to examine the relationship between Self-Care, Self-Efficacy, and Health Deviation Self-Care Requisites in patients with type 2 diabetes based on Orem’s Self-Care Theory.

    Authors: Ghorbanali Jennat Fereidooni, Fazlollah Ghofranipour and Fatemeh Zarei
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:48
  34. Hypertension is one of the global public health problems. Family physician-contracted service (FPCS) is widely used in the health management of hypertension patients in China. The purpose of this study was to ...

    Authors: Yiping Zheng, Yuqing Liu, Dongyu Xue, Zhao Shang, Baoquan Zhang and Yue Dai
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:47
  35. Primary care actors can play a major role in developing and promoting access to Self-Management Education and Support (SMES) programmes for people with chronic disease. We reviewed studies on SMES programmes i...

    Authors: Emmanuel Allory, Jordan Scheer, Vincent De Andrade, Ronan Garlantézec and Rémi Gagnayre
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:46
  36. Team-based care is an essential part of primary health care (PHC), and its team service delivery process is a systematic one involving multiple and complex influences. Research on the formation mechanism can h...

    Authors: Chanjiao Li, Lu Cui, Siyu Zhou, Anning He and Ziling Ni
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:45
  37. Low back pain is the fourth most common reason for consulting a general practitioner (GP) among people aged 40–50 years. Beyond the overall benefits of physical activity (PA) on health (psychological, cardiova...

    Authors: Marion Dehainault, Olivia Gaillard, Bintou Ouattara, Matthieu Peurois and Cyril Begue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:44
  38. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the large uptake in virtual care in primary care in Canada, the care of patients with type 2 diabetes has been greatly affected. This includes decreased in-person vi...

    Authors: A. Senthinathan, K. Tu, E. Stephenson, B. O’Neill, L. Lipscombe, C. Ji, D. A. Butt, J. Apajee, A. Train and N. Crampton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:43
  39. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly advancing field that is beginning to enter the practice of medicine. Primary care is a cornerstone of medicine and deals with challenges such as physician shortage and...

    Authors: Matthew R. Allen, Sophie Webb, Ammar Mandvi, Marshall Frieden, Ming Tai-Seale and Gene Kallenberg
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:42
  40. Decisions on the frequency of physician encounters for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have significant impacts on both patients’ health outcomes and burden on health systems, whereas definitive ...

    Authors: Wanchun Xu, Ivy Lynn Mak, Ran Zhang, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Amy Pui Pui Ng, David Tak Wai Lui, David Vai Kiong Chao, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam and Eric Yuk Fai Wan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:41
  41. Different mental disorders may be associated with many work-related factors to which primary health care workers (PHCWs) are exposed. The current research aims to measure the rates of depression, anxiety, and ...

    Authors: Edris Kakemam, Katayoun Maassoumi, Somayeh Azimi, Madineh Abbasi, Fateme Tahmasbi and Mahasti Alizadeh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:40
  42. Recurrences of low back pain (LBP) are frequent and associated with high levels of disability and medical costs. Regular exercise practice may be an effective strategy to prevent recurrences of LBP, however, t...

    Authors: Alexandre Moniz, Susana T. Duarte, Pedro Aguiar, Carmen Caeiro, Diogo Pires, Rita Fernandes, Diogo Moço, Marta M. Marques, Rute Sousa, Helena Canhão, Jaime Branco, Ana Maria Rodrigues and Eduardo B. Cruz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:39

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Primary Care 2024 25:94

  43. Identification in UK general practice of women affected by domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is increasing, but men and children/young people (CYP) are rarely identified and referred for specialist support. To...

    Authors: Eszter Szilassy, Caroline Coope, Elizabeth Emsley, Emma Williamson, Estela Capelas Barbosa, Medina Johnson, Anna Dowrick and Gene Feder
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:38
  44. Patient safety research has focused mostly on the hospital and acute care setting whereas assessments of patient safety climate in primary health care settings are warranted. Valid questionnaires as e.g., the ...

    Authors: Anne Estrup Olesen, Marie Haase Juhl, Ellen Tveter Deilkås and Solvejg Kristensen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:37
  45. Adverse childhood experiences can have immediate effects on a child’s wellbeing and health and may also result in disorders and illness in adult life. General practitioners are in a good position to identify a...

    Authors: Oda Martine Steinsdatter Øverhaug, Johanna Laue, Svein Arild Vis and Mette Bech Risør
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:36
  46. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives in primary care in Japan are rare. One crucial area for QI is the appropriate prescription of benzodiazepines due to the large and growing elderly population in the country.

    Authors: Masahiro Nishimura, Alan R. Teo, Takahiro Mochizuki, Naoki Fujiwara, Masakazu Nakamura and Daisuke Yamashita
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:35
  47. Calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibodies (CGRP mAbs) are recommended by the United Kingdom National Institute of Health and Care Excellence for the prevention of migraine as treatment beyond third...

    Authors: David Kernick, Nazanin Kondori, Andrew Pain, Julie Mount, Camilla Appel, Michael Ranopa and Tania Gulati
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:34
  48. Point-of-care testing may reduce diagnostic uncertainty in case of suspicion of bacterial infection, thereby contributing to prudent antibiotic prescribing. We aimed to study variations in the use of point-of-...

    Authors: Line Due Christensen, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Ellen Keizer, Bodil Hammer Bech, Flemming Bro, Morten Bondo Christensen and Linda Huibers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:31

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