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  1. Chagas is a public health problem, especially in Latin America, exacerbated by migratory movements and increasing urbanization. Argentina is among the countries with the highest estimated prevalence in the reg...

    Authors: Karen Klein, Javier Roberti, Mariel Rouvier, Maria Belizan, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Amanda Mabel Berrueta and Juan Pedro Alonso
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:277
  2. To investigate how useful the Intermed-Self Assessment (IMSA) questionnaire and its components were for identifying which patient candidates would benefit most from case management (CM) in general practice.

    Authors: Christine Cohidon, Emilie Gallay, Pascal Wild, Friedrich Stiefel, Céline Bourquin and Nicolas Senn
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:276
  3. Tonsillopharyngitis is one of the most frequently observed upper respiratory tract infections, for which antibiotics are prescribed in ambulatory care. In most cases, tonsillopharyngitis is benign and self-lim...

    Authors: Ieva Rutkovska, Zane Linde-Ozola and Elita Poplavska
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:275
  4. Knowledge on the course, disability and functionality of wrist complaints is still compendious in primary care guidelines, despite the high prevalence in primary care. Valid questionnaires can facilitate the m...

    Authors: Britt van Gorp, Patrick Krastman, Gerald Kraan, Nina M.C. Mathijssen, Sita M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Jos Runhaar
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:274
  5. In Germany, general practices are usually contacted first by patients with health complaints, including symptoms characteristic of SARS-CoV-2. Within general practices, medical assistants (MAs) are the first c...

    Authors: Annegret Dreher, Viola Mambrey and Adrian Loerbroks
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:273
  6. Studies show that children and adolescents in the most socially deprived areas (SDA) consult their general practitioner (GP) more often than those in the least socially deprived areas (Non-SDA). Given that GPs...

    Authors: M. S. Fonderson, P. J. E. Bindels, A. M. Bohnen and E. I. T. de Schepper
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:270
  7. Inappropriate use of antibiotics in children is common in many countries. The purpose of the study was to explore patterns of antibiotic prescribing in children’s outpatient clinics in primary care institution...

    Authors: Wenju Wang, Shitao Yu, Xunrong Zhou, Lei Wang, Xun He, Hanni Zhou and Yue Chang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:269
  8. Obesity is an international health issue which currently affects over 34% of New Zealand adults and leads to further physical and psychosocial health complications. People living in rural communities experienc...

    Authors: Kimberley Norman, Lisette Burrows, Lynne Chepulis and Ross Lawrenson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:268
  9. Lack of physician involvement in quality improvement threatens the success and sustainability of quality improvement measures. It is therefore important to assess physicians´ interests and opportunities to be ...

    Authors: Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Judith Rosta, Fredrik Baathe, Eirik Søfteland, Åse Stavland Lexberg, Olav Røise and Karin Isaksson Rø
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:267
  10. Health care providers and health volunteers play an important role in the collaborative provision of patient access and care regarding medical cannabis in district health systems (DHSs) according to their role...

    Authors: Sunsanee Mekrungrongwong, Nithra Kitreerawutiwong, Orawan Keeratisiroj and Wutthichai Jariya
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:266
  11. Healthcare accreditation is a widely implemented tool used to enhance the quality of care and underpin quality control. However, research is sparse on the accreditation process in general practice. The aim of ...

    Authors: Cecilie Mølgaard, Flemming Bro and Anna Mygind
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:265
  12. Taking advantage of the rapidly increasing access to digital technology in low- and middle-income countries, the World Health Organization has launched an electronic version of the mental health Gap Action Pro...

    Authors: Akin Ojagbemi, Stephanie Daley, Lola Kola, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Yvonne Feeney, Akerke Makhmud, Heidi Lempp, Graham Thornicroft and Oye Gureje
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:264
  13. Community Pharmacists (CPs) play an important role in patient counseling regarding the use of topical corticosteroids (TCS). We assessed CP’s self-reported counseling practices regarding TCS and patients’ repo...

    Authors: Abigail Dayang Nathan, Pathiyil Ravi Shankar and Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:263
  14. In China diabetes care is gradually shifting from secondary to primary care with great infrastructure investment and GP training. However, most GPs in China lack communication skills training, which is a huge ...

    Authors: Mi Yao, Gang Yuan, Kai Lin, Lijuan Liu, Hao Tang, Jieying Xie, Xinxin Ji, Rongxin Wang, Binkai Li, Jiajia Hao, Huichang Qiu, Dongying Zhang, Hai Li, Shamil Haroon, Dawn Jackson, Wei Chen…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:262
  15. Primary healthcare workers (PHCWs) are at the frontline of dealing with viral pandemics. They may experience significant psychological stresses, which have hitherto not been examined in depth. We aimed to expl...

    Authors: Ee Ming Khoo, Adina Abdullah, Su May Liew, Norita Hussein, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Ping Yein Lee, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Lelamekala Vengidasan, Ahmad Ihsan Bin Abu Bakar, Hilary Pinnock and Tracy Jackson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:261
  16. Mental health problems are one of the leading causes of disease burden worldwide, and are mainly diagnosed and treated in general practice. It is unclear however, how general practitioners (GPs) identify menta...

    Authors: Mina P. Dahli, Ole R Haavet, Torleif Ruud and Mette Brekke
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:260
  17. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, especially among women. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat UTIs, but might not always be necessary, for example in the case of uncomplicated UTIs such as cystiti...

    Authors: Tessa M.Z.X.K. van Horrik, Bart J. Laan, Rosanne van Seben, Gerda Rodenburg, Edwin J. Heeregrave and Suzanne E. Geerlings
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:259
  18. Evidence is still limited on the prevalence of multimorbidity and complex multimorbidity in Japan, as well as their associated factors. Additionally, no studies regarding multimorbidity and complex multimorbid...

    Authors: Yoshifumi Sugiyama, Rieko Mutai, Takuya Aoki and Masato Matsushima
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:258
  19. In a cohort of primary health care users across Kosovo (KOSCO cohort), high rates and poor control  of diabetes and hypertension were observed. These conditions can be prevented and better controlled by adapti...

    Authors: Ariana Bytyci Katanolli, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Katrina Ann Obas, Jana Gerold, Manfred Zahorka, Naim Jerliu, Qamile Ramadani, Nicu Fota and Sonja Merten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:257
  20. Criteria to select residents most likely to succeed, other than proficiency of their medical knowledge, is a challenge facing preceptors. International Medical Graduates (IMGs) play an integral role in mitigat...

    Authors: Alasdair Nazerali-Maitland, Laura Nimmon and Christina Douglas
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:256
  21. Most COVID-19 patients with severe symptoms are treated in hospitals. General practices are responsible for assessing most ambulatory patients. However, they face several challenges managing COVID-19 patients,...

    Authors: Mariell Hoffmann, Sandra Stengel, Joachim Szecsenyi and Frank Peters-Klimm
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:254
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic began to affect the world in early 2020. As a preventive measure, schools in the UAE adopted remote learning. This study aimed to assess the effects of the lockdown and remote learning on...

    Authors: Najla Hussain Sajwani, Ahmed Qawas, Nouf Al Ali, Fatma Hussain Sajwani, Asma Hamed Alrustamani, Shamma Al Maamari, Shereena K. Al Mazrouei, Budoor Al Shehhi, Hussain Al Rand and Asma Mahmoud Fikri
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:253
  23. General practitioners (GPs) are the central coordinators for patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy in most health care systems. They are entrusted with the challenging task of deprescribing when inappr...

    Authors: Matthias Michiels-Corsten, Navina Gerlach, Ulrike Junius-Walker, Tanja Schleef, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Annika Viniol
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:252
  24. There is little evidence to show what scope of practice (SOP) means from the point of view of family physicians, how family physicians think about their SOP as it changes over time, or what factors shape and i...

    Authors: Sophia M. Myles, Elizabeth F. Wenghofer, Rachel H. Ellaway and Michael T. Yeo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:251
  25. Many women face a variety of barriers to seeing obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs). Primary care physicians (PCPs) in Japan are not well equipped to address and adequately handle women’s health issues. ...

    Authors: Keiichiro Narumoto, Kei Miyazaki, Machiko Inoue, Makoto Kaneko, Tadao Okada and Motoi Sugimura
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:250
  26. China is rapidly expanding its general practitioner (GP) workforce as part of recent healthcare reform, with an extra 400,000 GPs by 2030. This scoping review identifies the published strategies for GP recruit...

    Authors: Shiwei Chen, Xin Hui Sam, Aijia Soong, Lorainne Tudor Car, Siqing Lian and Helen E. Smith
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:249
  27. Difficulty to recognize inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) in a primary care setting leads to late referral to secondary care. An evidence-based digital referral algorithm can support early referral, yet im...

    Authors: Elke van Delft, Ruben Bos, Patricia Pennings, Mieke Hazes, Deirisa Lopes Barreto and Angelique Weel-Koenders
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:248
  28. Unnecessary drug use can cause avoidable harm to older adults and is particularly common in primary care, but how primary care physicians (PCPs) respond to older adult requests for unnecessary drugs has not be...

    Authors: Zhijie Xu, Yiting Lu, Xujian Liang, Yuanqu Ye, Yang Wang, Zhiling Deng, Yuanyuan Xu, Lizheng Fang and Yi Qian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:247
  29. While quitting smoking dramatically decreases overall mortality, general practitioners (GPs) are less likely to prescribe medications for smoking cessation than other cardiovascular risk factors. Guidelines re...

    Authors: Christina Hempel-Bruder, Inès Habfast-Robertson, Marie-Anne Durand, Ivan Berlin, Joachim Marti, Yasser Khazaal, Carlos Quinto, Mohamed Faouzi and Kevin Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:246
  30. The COVID-19 pandemic caused widespread changes to healthcare, but few studies focus on ambulatory care during the early phase of the pandemic. We characterize veterans’ ambulatory care experience, specificall...

    Authors: Brice Thomas, Aanchal Thadani, Patricia V. Chen, Israel C. Christie, Lisa M. Kern, Mangala Rajan, Himabindu Kadiyala and Drew A. Helmer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:245
  31. Population ageing and community care on older adults, as well as the marked social inequalities in health, have received growing concern by the government and the community. This study evaluated the medico-soc...

    Authors: Siu-Ming Chan, Gary Ka-Ki Chung, Michelle Ho-Wing Kwan and Jean Woo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:244
  32. General Practitioners’ (GPs) professional empathy has been hypothesized to have substantial impact on their healthcare delivery and medication prescribing patterns. This study compares profiles of personal, pr...

    Authors: Troels Kristensen, Charlotte Ejersted, Peder Ahnfeldt-Mollerup, Jens Søndergaard and Justin A. Charles
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:243
  33. Dementia is a major international health issue with high impact on the patient, relatives, and broader society. Routine screening for dementia is limited, despite known benefit of early detection and intervent...

    Authors: Rebecca Disler, Amy Pascoe, Holly Anderson, Ewa Piejko, Adel Asaid and Peter Disler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:242
  34. Patients with diabetes who have poor health literacy about the disease may exhibit poor compliance and thus subsequently experience more complications. However, the conceptual gap of diabetes between health pr...

    Authors: Ru-Hsueh Wang, Yu-Wen Hong, Chia-Chun Li, Siao-Ling Li, Jenn-Long Liu, Chih-Hsing Wu and Ching-Ju Chiu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:241
  35. Guidelines worldwide recommend that physicians should not treat their family members. However, studies in the U.S. have shown that approximately 74–83% of physicians have experience of treating family members....

    Authors: Taku Matsunaga, Makoto Kaneko, Michael D. Fetters and Machiko Inoue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:240
  36. Medication use assessment has a critical role in promoting the effective and rational use of pharmaceutical medications. There are no studies that have explored the utilization of all medications in England an...

    Authors: Abdallah Y. Naser, Hassan Alwafi, Tamara Al-Daghastani, Sara Ibrahim Hemmo, Hamzeh Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Zahraa Jalal, Vibhu Paudyal, Nawras Alyamani, Murouj Almaghrabi and Ahmad Shamieh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:239
  37. Having a regular family physician is associated with many benefits. Formal attachment – an administrative patient-family physician agreement – is a popular feature in primary care, intended to improve access t...

    Authors: Mélanie Ann Smithman, Jeannie Haggerty, Isabelle Gaboury and Mylaine Breton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:238
  38. Medication treatment can reduce morbidity but can also cause drug-related problems (DRPs). One method to identify and solve DRPs is medication reviews (MRs) that are aimed at increased patient safety and quali...

    Authors: Katarina Wickman, Annika Dobszai, Sara Modig, Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Gabriella Caleres and Cecilia Lenander
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:237
  39. This paper reports on the cost-effectiveness evaluation of Link-me – a digitally supported, systematic approach to triaging care for depression and anxiety in primary care that uses a patient-completed Decisio...

    Authors: Mary Lou Chatterton, Meredith Harris, Philip Burgess, Susan Fletcher, Matthew J. Spittal, Jan Faller, Victoria J. Palmer, Patty Chondros, Bridget Bassilios, Jane Pirkis, Jane Gunn and Cathrine Mihalopoulos
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:236
  40. Anxiety problems are common in both children and adolescents, and many affected children do not receive appropriate treatment. Understaffing of mental healthcare services and long waiting lists form major barr...

    Authors: Lukas B. M. Koet, Jessie J. M. Bennenbroek, Annouk Y. S. Bruggeman, Evelien I. T. de Schepper, Arthur M. Bohnen, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Heike Gerger
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:235
  41. While patients’ preferences in primary care have been examined in numerous conjoint analyses, there has been little systematic effort to synthesise the findings. This review aimed to identify, to organise and ...

    Authors: Audrey Huili Lim, Sock Wen Ng, Xin Rou Teh, Su Miin Ong, Sheamini Sivasampu and Ka Keat Lim
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:234
  42. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and arterial stiffness (AS) may be hypertension-mediated vascular lesions. Both are determined by an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) and are predictors of cardiovascular d...

    Authors: Ana María Armas-Padrón, Miriam Sicilia-Sosvilla, Sergio Rodríguez-Bello, María Dolores López-Carmona, Pedro Ruiz-Esteban and Domingo Hernández
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:232
  43. It is not realistic for most clinicians to perform the multitude of recommended preventive primary care services. This is especially true in low resource and rural settings, creating challenges to delivering h...

    Authors: Michaela Brtnikova, Jamie L. Studts, Elise Robertson, L. Miriam Dickinson, Jennifer K. Carroll, Alex H. Krist, John T. Cronin and Russell E. Glasgow
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:231
  44. The significance of the role of receptionists during the recent shift to remote triage has been widely recognised and they will have a significant role to play in UK general practice as it continues to cope wi...

    Authors: Ian Litchfield, Michael Burrows, Nicola Gale and Sheila Greenfield
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:230
  45. The project "Ulcus Cruris Care" aims to improve primary care for patients with venous leg ulcer (VLU) in General Practitioner (GP) practices using a complex intervention comprised of educational components, st...

    Authors: Regina Poß-Doering, Carolin Anders, Thomas Fleischhauer, Joachim Szecsenyi and Jonas.D. Senft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:229
  46. To optimize antibiotic treatment and decrease antibiotic resistance, national treatment guidelines are available for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in general practice. The usefulness of these guidelines in r...

    Authors: A. A. van Driel, M. Mulder, E. E. Stobberingh and A. Verbon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:224

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