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  1. Routinely collected health data from ambulatory care providers offer a wide range of research opportunities. However, the access is often (e.g., technically) hindered, particularly in Germany. In the following...

    Authors: Christoph Strumann, Paul-Georg Blickle, Wolfgang C. G. von Meißner and Jost Steinhäuser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:327
  2. The STarT MSK cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigated the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of risk-based stratified primary care versus usual care for patients with back, neck, shoulder, knee or...

    Authors: Benjamin Saunders, Adrian Chudyk, Joanne Protheroe, Vincent Cooper, Bernadette Bartlam, Hollie Birkinshaw, Nadine E Foster and Jonathan C Hill
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:326
  3. Since COVID-19 emerged, over 514 million COVID-19 cases and 6 million COVID-19-related deaths have been reported worldwide. Older persons receiving home health care often have co-morbidities that require advan...

    Authors: Lina Emmesjö, Jenny Hallgren and Catharina Gillsjö
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:325
  4. To examine the implementation of a physiotherapist-driven spirometry case finding service in primary care to identify new cases of COPD and confirm diagnosis of existing cases of COPD.

    Authors: Lisa Pagano, Sarah Dennis, Sally Wootton, Sriram Mahadev, Andrew S. L. Chan, Nicholas Zwar, Deborah Pallavicini and Zoe McKeough
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:324
  5. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent disease worldwide. A basic pillar for the management of a patient with CKD is the safe use of drugs. Inadequate dosing of medication or contraindicated drugs ...

    Authors: Sonia Ruiz-Boy, Montserrat Rodriguez-Reyes, Joan Clos-Soldevila and Marina Rovira-Illamola
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:323
  6. Prescribing benzodiazepines to patients taking chronic opioid analgesic therapy increases risks of adverse events. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended avoidance of benzodiazepin...

    Authors: Nancy V. Koch and Richard J. Butterfield III
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:322
  7. Timely initiation of advance care planning (ACP) in general practice is challenging, especially in patients with non-malignant conditions. Our aim was to investigate how perceived optimal timing of ACP initiat...

    Authors: Willemijn Tros, Jenny T. van der Steen, Janine Liefers, Reinier Akkermans, Henk Schers, Mattijs E. Numans, Petra G. van Peet and A. Stef Groenewoud
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:321
  8. In March 2020, Canada implemented restrictions to curb viral transmission of COVID-19, which resulted in abrupt disruptions to conventional (in-person) clinical care. To retain continuity of care the delivery ...

    Authors: Alexander Singer, Leanne Kosowan, Lisa LaBine, Daniel Shenoda, Alan Katz, Elissa M Abrams, Gayle Halas, Sabrina T. Wong, Siddhesh Talpade, Sarah Kirby, Alanna Baldwin and Jose Francois
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:320
  9. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is particularly common in young women and the elderly. The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in Copenhagen, Denmark can be reached by calling either of two dedicated telephone line...

    Authors: Jeske Verhoeven, Helle Collatz Christensen, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Simone Böbel, Mirjam Scholz and Thomas Krafft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:319
  10. Despite its special importance among different age groups, the middle-aged male group has often been neglected in the Iranian health system. The aim of this study was to examine, from the perspective of primar...

    Authors: Nayeb Fadaei Dehcheshmeh, Seyed Mehdi Emamian Fard, Tayebeh Roghani, Parvin Mohammadi and Farzad Faraji-Khiavi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:318
  11. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 I) has cardiorenal protective properties and are recommended for patients with diabetes and established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and/or c...

    Authors: Ngai Mui Ng, Yeung Shing Ng, Tsun Kit Chu and Phyllis Lau
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:317
  12. Mental disorders are frequent in primary care settings, which is challenging for primary care physicians. In Neuchâtel (Switzerland), a Consultation-Liaison psychiatrist integrated three primary care group pra...

    Authors: Konstantinos Tzartzas, Pierre-Nicolas Oberhauser, Régis Marion-Veyron and Stéphane Saillant
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:316
  13. Providing medical care to newly arrived migrants presents multiple challenges. A major challenge is a lack of a common language in the absence of language interpretation services. We examine the multilingualis...

    Authors: Frank Müller, Harland Holman, Eva Hummers, Dominik Schröder and Eva Maria Noack
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:315
  14. Guidelines recommend to prescribe a laxative with an opioid to prevent constipation. We aimed to determine the adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to this recommendation and to explore which GP- and patie...

    Authors: Karin Hek, Fouzia Lghoul-Oulad Saïd, Joke C. Korevaar, Linda E. Flinterman, Liset van Dijk and Patricia M. L. A. van den Bemt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:312
  15. Recruitment of sufficient participants for clinical trials remains challenging. Primary care is an important avenue for patient recruitment but is underutilized. We developed and pilot tested a questionnaire t...

    Authors: Morgan M. Millar, Teresa Taft and Charlene R. Weir
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:311
  16. Primary healthcare (PHC) providers are widely acknowledged for putting the most efficient and long-lasting efforts for addressing community health issues and promoting health equity. This study aimed to explor...

    Authors: Lusine Aslanyan, Zaruhi Arakelyan, Astghik Atanyan, Arpine Abrahamyan, Manya Karapetyan and Serine Sahakyan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:310
  17. The interdisciplinary research training group (POKAL) aims to improve care for patients with depression and multimorbidity in primary care.

    Authors: J Gensichen, K Lukaschek, C Jung-Sievers, P Falkai, A Schmitt, P Henningsen, T Dreischulte, G Pitschel-Walz, H Krcmar, M Böhm, B Prommegger, K Linde, A Drescher, P Schönweger, C Haas, C Brand…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:309
  18. The coronavirus pandemic poses many challenges for medical personnel. During the first phase of the pandemic, psychological stress became increasingly apparent. This was a complex and difficult situation, espe...

    Authors: Anna-Maria von Oltersdorff-Kalettka, Janina Meinel, Karen Voigt, Thomas Mundt, Markus Bleckwenn, Antje Bergmann and Mandy Gottschall
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:308
  19. More and more patients need complex care, especially the elderly. For various reasons, this is becoming increasingly difficult. The onus is essentially on family physicians to provide this care and family medi...

    Authors: K. W.J. Koetsenruijter, W. Veldhuijzen, J. De Lepeleire, Y van Leeuwen, J. W.M. Muris and P. W. Teunissen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:307
  20. People with intellectual disability experience inadequate access to general practice and poorer health outcomes than the general population. While some access barriers have been identified for this population,...

    Authors: Bradley Shea, Jodie Bailie, Sally Hall Dykgraaf, Nicola Fortune, Nicholas Lennox and Ross Bailie
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:306
  21. The management of risk factors in patients with high cardiovascular risk and its effectiveness is of paramount importance. Over the last decade, several studies have examined the achievement of cardiovascular ...

    Authors: Zoltán Jancsó, Orsolya Csenteri, Gergő József Szőllősi, Péter Vajer and Péter Andréka
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:305
  22. For more than 20 years, and despite the development of new social networks, health forums have remained a privileged place for people to discuss health issues. This study investigates the motivations of partic...

    Authors: C. Blanc-Bisson, A.-L. Benazeth, V. Montané, C. Adam, P. Dzeraviashka and Y.-M. Vincent
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:304
  23. Blood pressure control is suboptimal in more than half of treated hypertensive patients. The purpose of this study was to assess perceived risk of high blood pressure sequelae and adherence to medications in k...

    Authors: Ramin Shiraly, Ali Khani Jeihooni and Rozita Bakhshizadeh Shirazi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:303
  24. Audit and Feedback (A&F), a strategy aimed at promoting modified practice through performance feedback, is a method to change provider behaviour and reduce unnecessary medical services. This study aims to asse...

    Authors: Alexander Singer, Leanne Kosowan, Elissa M. Abrams, Alan Katz, Lisa Lix, Katrina Leong and Allison Paige
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:302
  25. High-cost (HC) patients, defined as the small percentage of the population that accounts for a high proportion of health care expenditures, are a concern worldwide. Previous studies have found that the occurre...

    Authors: Zhong Li, Yixun Li, Ziqin Ding, Yunxi Tao, Liang Zhang and Ruibo He
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:301
  26. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated a rapid shift in primary health care from predominantly in-person to high volumes of virtual care. The pandemic afforded the opportunity to conduct a deep region...

    Authors: Bridget L. Ryan, Judith Belle Brown, Thomas R. Freeman, Lucie Richard, Moira Stewart, Leslie Meredith, Yun-Hee Choi, Jennifer Wei He, Sonny Cejic, Keith Thompson, Sonja Reichert, Salimah Z. Shariff, Richard Booth, Amanda L. Terry and Maria Mathews
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:300
  27. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), assessment of both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria are necessary for stratifying risk and determining the need for nephrology referral. The Kidney D...

    Authors: Chi D. Chu, Neil R. Powe, Michael G. Shlipak, Rebecca Scherzer, Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, Michelle M. Estrella and Delphine S. Tuot
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:299
  28. The current guidelines for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of hypertension recommend six types of non-pharmacological interventions: alcohol reduction, salt intake reduction, increased po...

    Authors: Raja Ram Dhungana, Zeljko Pedisic and Maximilian de Courten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:298
  29. Sustained, routine care is vital to the health of people with HIV (PWH) and decreasing transmission of HIV. We evaluated whether the identification of PWH at-risk of falling out of care and prompts for outreac...

    Authors: Michael B. Wohlfeiler, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Laurence Brunet, Jennifer S. Fusco, Christine Uranaka, Quateka Cochran, Monica Palma, Tammeka Evans, Carl Millner and Gregory P. Fusco
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:297
  30. Benzydamine hydrochloride is a locally-acting Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) with combined local anesthetic and analgesic properties, indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain in acute sore th...

    Authors: Desiderio Passali, Veronica Barat, Olga Cadevall, Hugo Miguel Freire, Ignazio Grattagliano, Ioan Gutu, Ralph Mösges and Andrey Pavlysh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:296
  31. Little is known about the pattern and appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs).

    Authors: Khaoula Bel Haj Ali, Adel Sekma, Selma Messous, Imen Trabelsi, Jalel Ben Youssef, Hamida Maghraoui, Rabie Razgallah, Adel walha, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Kaouthar Beltaief, Zied Mezgar, Ahmed Coubantini, Wahid Bouida, Mohamed Amine Msolli, Riadh Boukef, Hamdi Boubaker…
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:295
  32. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a rapid shift to virtual care in primary care practices around the globe. There has been little focus on the experiences of interprofessional teams through the lens of primary ...

    Authors: Catherine Donnelly, Christine Mills, Sandeep Gill, Kavita Mehta and Rachelle Ashcroft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:294
  33. The rising prevalence of prediabetes increases the population risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Early identification by General Practitioners (GPs) provide...

    Authors: Andrew Leigh, Jennifer Hunter, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt and Eugen Molodysky
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:292
  34. Hypertension and diabetes are chronic noncommunicable diseases ranked among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in resource-limited settings. Interventions based on patient empowerment (PE) have been...

    Authors: Amélie Mogueo, Barthelemy Kuate Defo and Jean Claude Mbanya
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:291
  35. Family practice registered nurses co-managing patient care as healthcare professionals in interdisciplinary primary care teams have been shown to improve access, continuity of care, patient satisfaction, and c...

    Authors: Maria Mathews, Sarah Spencer, Lindsay Hedden, Julia Lukewich, Marie-Eve Poitras, Emily Gard Marshall, Judith Belle Brown, Shannon Sibbald and Alison A. Norful
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:290
  36. Remote consultations were common in general practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. This approach may have affected access to GP care for people with low socio-economic status: this group has a high prevalence ...

    Authors: S. Sana, J. Kollmann, T. Magnée, I. Merkelbach, S. Denktaş and P. L. Kocken
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:289
  37. The aging of the population has made the health problems of the elderly increasingly prominent, and their health needs are increasing. Existing studies on health resource integration approaches are mostly inco...

    Authors: Li Gao, Bing Wang, Xiaohong Yang, Yongliang Pan, Wenming Feng, Xuedan Pei, Yanfang Fan and Bing Liu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:288
  38. Antibiotic dispensing without prescription is a major determinant of the emergence of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) which has impact on population health and cost of healthcare delivery. This study used simul...

    Authors: Pendo M. Ndaki, Martha F. Mushi, Joseph R. Mwanga, Eveline T. Konje, Stella Mugassa, Msilikale W. Manyiri, Stanley M. Mwita, Nyanda E. Ntinginya, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Katherine Keenan, Wilber Sabiiti, Mike Kesby, Fernando Benitez-Paez, Alison Sandeman, Matthew T. G. Holden and Stephen E. Mshana
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:287
  39. Measuring and addressing the disparity between access to healthcare resources and underlying health needs of populations is a prominent focus in health policy development. More recently, the fair distribution ...

    Authors: Cristina Mannie, Stefan Strydom and Hadi Kharrazi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:286
  40. People post-stroke are at risk of not being able to participate in valued activities. It is important that rehabilitation professionals prepare people post-stroke for the transition home and provide needed sup...

    Authors: Dinja J. van der Veen, Sandra Jellema, Philip J. van der Wees, Maud J. L. Graff, Bert J. M. de Swart and Esther M. J. Steultjens
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:285
  41. Strongyloides stercoralis is widespread; however, there is limited information on its prevalence owing to laboratory underestimation and low clinical manifestations. The Baermann method and agar culture stand ou...

    Authors: Ivana Camacho-Alvarez, Elia M. Chavez-Mamani, Goyens Philippe, Jenny M. Luizaga-López, Mary Cruz Torrico, Laurent Gétaz and Frédérique Jacobs
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:284
  42. To promote improved coordination between general practice and hospital, the French clinical trial CREDO (“Concertation de REtour à DOmicile”) is testing an innovative experimental consultation for patients wit...

    Authors: Laëtitia Gimenez, Vladimir Druel, Anastasia Bonnet, Cyrille Delpierre, Pascale Grosclaude and Marie-Eve Rouge-Bugat
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:283
  43. To investigate the effects of intensive family-centered health education on the awareness rate, diagnosis, and treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD) in community families.

    Authors: Hao Wang, Shuchao Pan, Qiwu Xu and Ting Ding
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:282
  44. Cancer and dementia are common in older people and management of the conditions as comorbidities can be challenging, yet little is known about the size or characteristics of this group. We aimed to estimate th...

    Authors: Michelle Collinson, Ellen Mason, Rachael Kelley, Alys Griffiths, Laura Ashley, Ann Henry, Hayley Inman, Fiona Cowdell, June Hennell, Liz Jones, Maria Walsh, Margaret Ogden, Amanda Farrin and Claire Surr
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:281
  45. Older patients using antihypertensive medication may experience Adverse Drug Events (ADEs), and thus benefit from deprescribing. The lack of a practical protocol may hamper deprescribing. Therefore, we aimed t...

    Authors: Dimokrat Hassan, Jorie Versmissen, Karin Hek, Liset van Dijk and Patricia M. L. A. van den Bemt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:280
  46. In primary care, patients increasingly face difficult decisions related to complex care needs (multimorbidity, polypharmacy, mental health issues, social vulnerability and structural barriers). There is a need...

    Authors: Mathieu Bujold, Pierre Pluye and France Légaré
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:279
  47. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive disease often associated with comorbidities that complicate the management of T2D and affect the achievement of treatment targets. However, adherence to guidelines and in...

    Authors: Nazma Akter Nazu, Katja Wikström, Marja-Leena Lamidi, Jaana Lindström, Hilkka Tirkkonen, Päivi Rautiainen and Tiina Laatikainen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:278

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