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  1. A shortage of primary care physicians has been reported in many countries. Primary care systems are diverse and the challenges leading to a decline in workforce are at times context-specific and require tailor...

    Authors: Lorainne Tudor Car, Yee Sean Teng, Jin Wei How, Nadia Nasuha Binte Mohammad Nazri, Amy Li Xian Tan, Joanne Quah, Stephen Peckham and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:229

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Most individuals with depression go unidentified and untreated. In 2016 the US Preventive Services Task Force released guidelines recommending universal screening in primary care to identify patients with depr...

    Authors: Briana S. Last, Alison M. Buttenheim, Anne C. Futterer, Cecilia Livesey, Jeffrey Jaeger, Rebecca E. Stewart, Megan Reilly, Matthew J. Press, Maryanne Peifer, Courtney Benjamin Wolk and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:228

    Content type: Research

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  3. The number of elderly people living in the community who are limited in daily activities is increasing worldwide. This generates prolonged care, which usually falls on one family member, the family caregiver. ...

    Authors: Aya Biderman, Sara Carmel, Shimon Amar and Yaacov G. Bachner

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:227

    Content type: Research

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  4. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on resident training in different branches and affected the physical and mental health of frontline residents adversely. This nationwide cross-sectional survey a...

    Authors: Hüsna Çevik and Mehmet Ungan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:226

    Content type: Research

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  5. How contextual factors may influence GP decisions in real life practice is poorly understood. The authors have undertaken a scoping review of antibiotic prescribing in primary care, with a focus on the interac...

    Authors: Resha Al-Azzawi, Peder A. Halvorsen and Torsten Risør

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:225

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Follow-up care is crucial but challenging for disease management particularly in rural areas with limited healthcare resources and clinical capacity, yet few studies have been conducted from the perspective of...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Xiu-Jing Hu, Harry H. X. Wang, Hong-Yan Duan, Ying Chen, Yu-Ting Li, Zi-Lin Luo, Xin Li, Jia-Ji Wang and Stewart W. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:224

    Content type: Research

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  7. There is a need for evidence that residency training in family medicine can benefit the care of patients in primary care in low- and middle-income countries. We tested the hypothesis that two years of residenc...

    Authors: Adelson Guaraci Jantsch, Bo Burström, Gunnar Nilsson and Antônio Ponce de Leon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:223

    Content type: Research

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  8. Practice based research and learning networks (PBRLNs) are groups of learning communities that focus on improving delivery and quality of care. Accurate data from primary care electronic medical records (EMRs)...

    Authors: Manpreet Thandi, Sabrina T. Wong, Sylvia Aponte-Hao, Mathew Grandy, Dee Mangin, Alexander Singer and Tyler Williamson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:220

    Content type: Research

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  9. In the UK, about 14% of community-dwelling adults aged 65 and over are estimated to be at risk of malnutrition. Screening older adults in primary care and treating those at risk may help to reduce malnutrition...

    Authors: Liz Payne, Daniela Ghio, Elisabeth Grey, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Philine Harris, Michelle Sutcliffe, Sue Green, Helen C. Roberts, Caroline Childs, Sian Robinson, Bernard Gudgin, Pam Holloway, Jo Kelly, Kathy Wallis, Oliver Dean, Paul Aveyard…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:219

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. With the increasing attention for the role of General Practitioners (GPs) after cancer treatment, it is important to better understand the involvement of GPs following prostate cancer treatment. This study inv...

    Authors: Barbara M. Wollersheim, Mies van Eenbergen, Kristel M. van Asselt, Laurent M. C. L. Fossion, Evert L. Koldewijn, Jorg R. Oddens, Eric H. Oomens, Bart P. Wijsman, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse and Nicole P. M. Ezendam

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:218

    Content type: Research

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  11. To create an effective community-based integrated care system, interprofessional collaboration based on healthcare professionals’ mutual understanding of their respective roles must be promoted. This study aim...

    Authors: Junji Haruta, Ryohei Goto, Sachiko Ozone and Tetsuhiro Maeno

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:217

    Content type: Research

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  12. Common cold is a frequent illness in northern hemisphere between late autumn and early spring. Patients suffering from it frequently turn to pharmacists instead of physicians in order to receive medical advice...

    Authors: Malgorzata Pietrusiewicz, Paulina Natalia Kopa-Stojak and Rafal Pawliczak

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:216

    Content type: Research

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  13. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH), but statin therapy, safe and effective for PLWH, is under-prescribed. This study examined clinic le...

    Authors: Allison J. Ober, Sae Takada, Deborah Zajdman, Ivy Todd, Tamara Horwich, Abraelle Anderson, Soma Wali and Joseph A. Ladapo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:215

    Content type: Research

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  14. Children and adolescents with overweight are known to have lower Quality of Life (QoL) compared to peers with a normal weight. QoL is a broad concept and is associated with many factors. A better understanding...

    Authors: Hevy Hassan, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels, Bart W. Koes and Marienke van Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:214

    Content type: Research

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  15. Studies conducted to understand how family doctors develop resilience and deal with the challenges posed by work-related stress, usually have focused on identifying the elements that generate resilience from p...

    Authors: Roger Ruiz Moral, Diana Monge Martín, Cristina Garcia de Leonardo, Santiago Alvarez Montero and Fernando Caballero Martínez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:213

    Content type: Research

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  16. An increasing number of countries legalise the use of medical cannabis or allow it for a narrow range of medical conditions. Physicians, and often the patients’ general practitioner, play a major role in imple...

    Authors: Sabrina Trappaud Rønne, Frederik Rosenbæk, Line Bjørnskov Pedersen, Frans Boch Waldorff, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Helle Riisgaard and Jens Søndergaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:212

    Content type: Research

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  17. It may take 15 years or longer before research evidence is integrated into clinical practice. This evidence-to-practice gap has deleterious effects on patients as well as research and clinical processes. Bring...

    Authors: Astrid Eich-Krohm, Bernt-Peter Robra, Yvonne Marx and Markus Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:211

    Content type: Research

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  18. Chronic pain and insomnia have a complex, bidirectional relationship – addressing sleep complaints alongside pain may be key to alleviating patient-reported distress and disability. Healthcare professionals ha...

    Authors: V. E. J. Collard, C. Moore, V. Nichols, D. R. Ellard, S. Patel, H. Sandhu, H. Parsons, U. Sharma, M. Underwood, J. Madan and N. K. Y. Tang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:210

    Content type: Research

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  19. Women who have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life, but their understanding of the risks is often limited. In this study we explored the ...

    Authors: Josie M. M. Evans, Aileen V. Ireland, Dawn M. Cameron, Kate M. Clarke and Claire E. Eades

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:209

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Polypharmacy is defined as the prescription of at least 5 different medicines for therapeutic or prophylactic effect and is a serious issue among elderly patients, who are frequently affected by multi-morbidit...

    Authors: Salvatore Crisafulli, Nicoletta Luxi, Raffaele Coppini, Annalisa Capuano, Cristina Scavone, Alessia Zinzi, Simona Vecchi, Graziano Onder, Janet Sultana and Gianluca Trifirò

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:208

    Content type: Research

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  21. Continuity of care, in particular personal continuity, is a core principle of general practice and is associated with many benefits such as a better patient-provider relationship and lower mortality. However, ...

    Authors: Lex J. J. Groot, Henk J. Schers, Jako S. Burgers, Francois G. Schellevis, Martin Smalbrugge, Annemarie A. Uijen, Peter M. van de Ven, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Otto R. Maarsingh

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:207

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Central sensitization (CS) may explain the persistence of symptoms in patients with chronic pain and persistent physical symptoms (PPS). There is a need for assessing CS in the consultation room. In a recently...

    Authors: Carine den Boer, Berend Terluin, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Annette H. Blankenstein and Henriëtte E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:206

    Content type: Research

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  23. Singapore’s healthcare system presents an ideal context to learn from diverse public and private operational models and funding systems.

    Authors: Huiling Guo, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Meena Sundram, Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Wern Ee Tang and Angela Chow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:205

    Content type: Research

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  24. Timely detection and management of comorbid mental disorders in people with epilepsy is essential to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the performance of primary health care (PHC) wo...

    Authors: Ruth Tsigebrhan, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charles R. Newton, Martin J. Prince and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:204

    Content type: Research

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  25. Rural residents with chronic conditions have a stronger need for health services, which should make using family doctor contract services a priority. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of willingness among ...

    Authors: Jie Li, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Xue Tang, Zhixian Li, Shijun Yang, Chen Yan, Wenjuan Li, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The implementation of care concepts fitting the needs of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains challenging. In this context, psycho-emotional well-being is not routinely assessed, and under-research...

    Authors: Sigrid Boczor, Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Agata Menzel, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:202

    Content type: Research

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  27. Shoulder pain is a highly prevalent condition and a significant cause of morbidity and functional disability. Current data suggests that many patients presenting with shoulder pain at the primary care level ar...

    Authors: Breda H. F. Eubank, Sebastian W. Lackey, Mel Slomp, Jason R. Werle, Colleen Kuntze and David M. Sheps

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:201

    Content type: Research

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  28. Adherence to guidelines for back pain continues to be a challenge, prompting strategies focused on improving education around biopsychosocial frameworks.

    Authors: Daniel I. Rhon, Rachel J. Mayhew, Tina A. Greenlee and Julie M. Fritz

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:200

    Content type: Research

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  29. Detecting, treating and monitoring anaemia has a functional, social and economic impact on patients’ quality of life and the health system, since inadequate monitoring can lead to more accident & emergency vis...

    Authors: Boris Trenado Luengo, Rosa García-Sierra, Maria Asunción Wilke Trinxant, Esther Díaz Mondelo, Ramon Miralles Baseda, Maria Magdalena Lladó Blanch, Maria del Pilar Montero Alia and Pere Toran-Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:199

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. The patient-oriented and need-based care of multi-morbid patients with healthcare services and assistive products can be a highly complex task for the general practitioners (GPs). An algorithm-based digital recom...

    Authors: Peggy Borchers, Steve Piller, Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt and Antje Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:198

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Osteopathy is a type of complementary medicine based on specific manual techniques. In many countries, including Germany, the profession is not officially regulated, and evidence for the effectiveness of osteo...

    Authors: Gordian L. Schmid, Jeremias Kluge, Tobias Deutsch, Anne-Kathrin Geier, Markus Bleckwenn, Susanne Unverzagt and Thomas Frese

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:197

    Content type: Research

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  32. With increasing interest in direct access to physiotherapy, it is important to consider the physiotherapists (PTs) ability to make correct management decisions, because identification of differential diagnosti...

    Authors: Cecilie Rud Budtz, Helle Rønn-Smidt, Janus Nikolaj Laust Thomsen, Rikke Pilegaard Hansen and David Høyrup Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:196

    Content type: Research

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  33. Although general practitioners (GPs) are generally considered as the first point of contact for care, this may be different for persons with complex conditions, such as those with spinal cord injury (SCI). The...

    Authors: Dima Touhami, Mirjam Brach, Stefan Essig, Elias Ronca, Isabelle Debecker, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Nadja Münzel and Armin Gemperli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:195

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Poverty has a significant influence on health. Efforts to optimize income and reduce poverty could make a difference to the lives of patients and their families. Routine screening for poverty in primary care i...

    Authors: Kimberly Wintemute, Meh Noor, Aashka Bhatt, Gary Bloch, Suja Arackal, Sumeet Kalia, Babak Aliarzadeh, Sabrina La Tona, Joyce Lo, Andrew D. Pinto and Michelle Greiver

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:194

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The COVID-19 pandemic has driven primary healthcare (PHC) providers to use telehealth as an alternative to traditional face-to-face consultations. Providing telehealth that meets the needs of patients in a pan...

    Authors: Mylaine Breton, Erin E. Sullivan, Nadia Deville-Stoetzel, Danielle McKinstry, Matthew DePuccio, Abi Sriharan, Véronique Deslauriers, Anson Dong and Ann Scheck McAlearney

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:192

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Chinese residents’ practical work experiences are different from those described in Western studies. To explore potential mechanisms underlying the effects of doctor-patient relationships on medical residents’...

    Authors: Guangwei Deng, Wenjun Cai, Monica Yang, Jonathan Lio, Chenpeng Feng, Xiaopeng Ma and Liang Liang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:191

    Content type: Research

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  37. General practitioners (GPs) can be considered the designated professionals to identify high fall risk and to guide older people to fall preventive care. Currently it is not exactly known how GPs treat this ris...

    Authors: Wytske M. A. Meekes, Chantal J. Leemrijse, Yvette M. Weesie, Ien A. M. van de Goor, Gé A. Donker and Joke C. Korevaar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. To study the competency of general practitioners (GPs) in Shanghai, China on prevention and management of type 2 diabetes, also understand factors that may prohibit it.

    Authors: Yaling Li, Yunyun Yan, Huimin Dai, Yuan Cheng, Qian Huang, Jie Shao, Jianmin Zhou, Haitang Wang, Pingyang Liu, Ao Shen, Yikai Mi and Zhaohui Du

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Many primary care patients receive both medical and chiropractic care; however, interprofessional relations between physicians and chiropractors are often suboptimal which may adversely affect care of shared p...

    Authors: Jason W. Busse, Sushmitha Pallapothu, Brian Vinh, Vivienne Lee, Lina Abril, Albana Canga, John J. Riva, Daniel Viggiani, Marc Dilauro, Marie-Pierre Harvey, Isabelle Pagé, Avneet K. Bhela, Serena Sandhu, Oluwatoni Makanjuola, Muhammad Taaha Hassan, Ainsley Moore…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:188

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Adequate health literacy (HL) levels contribute to good health outcomes and successful disease self-management in patients with chronic disease. Hence, it is essential that family doctors recognize patients wi...

    Authors: Stephanie Stock, Sibel Altin, Farah Nawabi, Daniele Civello, Arim Shukri, Marcus Redaèlli and Adrienne Alayli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:187

    Content type: Research

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  41. Persons living with dementia have various health and social care needs and expectations, some which are not fully met by health providers, including primary care clinicians. The Quebec Alzheimer plan, implemen...

    Authors: Vladimir Khanassov, Laura Rojas-Rozo, Rosa Sourial, Xin Qiang Yang and Isabelle Vedel

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:186

    Content type: Research

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  42. More than 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, but 50% may be unnecessary. Reducing unnecessary antibiotic overuse is needed to limit antimicrobial resistance. We conducted a pragmatic trial of a...

    Authors: Warren McIsaac, Sahana Kukan, Ella Huszti, Leah Szadkowski, Braden O’Neill, Sophia Virani, Noah Ivers, Rosemarie Lall, Navsheer Toor, Mruna Shah, Ruby Alvi, Aashka Bhatt, Yoshiko Nakamachi and Andrew M. Morris

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:185

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Access to healthcare has been strongly affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which has raised concerns about the increased risk of delays in receiving medical care. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Kojiro Morita, Ryota Inokuchi, Xueying Jin, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:184

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Patient safety is defined as an activity that minimizes and removes possible errors and injuries to patients. A number of factors have been found to influence patient safety management, including the facilitie...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kosiek, Iwona Staniec, Maciej Godycki-Cwirko, Adam Depta and Anna Kowalczyk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:183

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Persistent somatic symptoms (PSS) are common in primary care and often accompanied by an increasing disease burden for both the patient and healthcare. In medical practice, PSS is historically considered a dia...

    Authors: Willeke M. Kitselaar, Rosalie van der Vaart, Madelon van Tilborg-den Boeft, Hedwig M. M. Vos, Mattijs E. Numans and Andrea W. M. Evers

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:182

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2021 22:236

  46. In addition to the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic to physical health, mental health is challenged by the emotional response to the situation and the official measures taken to stop the pandemic. This study ai...

    Authors: Laura Diaz Hernandez, Stéphanie Giezendanner, Roland Fischer and Andreas Zeller

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:181

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health asked Singapore’s private general practitioners (GPs) to perform swab testing in their clinics, but some GPs had concerns about swabber protection. Our aim ...

    Authors: Boon See Teo, Esther Li, Yi-Lin Khoo, Michelle Evaristo, Yang Fang and Helen E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:180

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2021 22:222

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