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  1. Ensuring equal access to primary care services is crucial, as the gateway to a higher level of care. Indonesia has been trying to increase financial access to medical care by administering national health insu...

    Authors: Afina Nur Fauziyyah, Akira Shibanuma, Ken Ing Cherng Ong and Masamine Jimba
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:64
  2. Patient-physician relationships in healthcare can influence healthcare provision, patient engagement, and health outcomes. Little is known about youth preferences on types and characteristics of their healthca...

    Authors: Marika Waselewski, Xochitl Amaro, Ryan Huerto, Jessica Berger, Marcus Spinelli da Silva, Kate Siroky, Anthony Torres and Tammy Chang
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:63
  3. Recognition of poor performance in General Practice trainees is important because underperformance compromises patients’ health and safety. However, in General Practice, research on persistent underperformance...

    Authors: Judith A. Godschalx-Dekker, Charlotte A. M. Sijbom, Pieter C. Barnhoorn and Walther N. K. A. van Mook
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:61
  4. Physical inactivity is associated with feelings of burnout and fatigue, which in turn are associated with reduced performance among healthcare practitioners. This study explored movement behaviours of general ...

    Authors: Richard S. Mayne, Gregory J. H. Biddle, Charlotte L Edwardson, Nigel D. Hart, Amanda J. Daley and Neil Heron
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:60
  5. Cardiovascular diseases are becoming more frequent throughout the world. Adherence to both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, as well as lifestyles, is important for good management and control...

    Authors: Álvaro Carbonell-Soliva, Rauf Nouni-García, Adriana López-Pineda, Alberto Cordero-Fort, Virtudes Pérez-Jover, Jose A. Quesada, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán, Andreu Nolasco, Jose Maria Castellano-Vázquez, Jose Joaquín Mira-Solves, Vicente F. Gil-Guillen and Concepción Carratala-Munuera
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:59
  6. China is implementing the family doctor (FD) system to reform the primary healthcare (PHC). The family doctor contract service (FDCS) policy plays a crucial role in this system implementation, aiming to transf...

    Authors: Linni Gu, Xiaoying Wang and Donghua Tian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:58
  7. Mental health issues have been an ongoing major cause of global disability exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The unique challenges have been the high contagiousness of COVID-19 and atypical PTSD presentati...

    Authors: Lilian Skilbeck, Daniela Antonie and Stephen Crane
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:57
  8. Primary health care is the setting for most patients with stress-related mental health problems. Good care processes are important for patients with stress-related mental health problems and the complex needs ...

    Authors: Susanne Ellbin, Agneta Lindegård, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir and Elisabeth Dahlborg
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:56
  9. Since 2010, an increasing number of patients have participated in a nurse-led integrated cardiovascular risk management programme in the Netherlands. Because it is important to understand which patients discon...

    Authors: Geert H.J.M. Smits, Sander van Doorn, Michiel L. Bots and Monika Hollander
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:55
  10. Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality if not properly managed. Primary care has a major impact on these outcomes if its strengths, such as continuity of care, are deployed wisely. The anal...

    Authors: Christoph Strumann, Nicola J. Engler, Wolfgang C. G. von Meissner, Paul-Georg Blickle and Jost Steinhäuser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:54
  11. A significant policy change impacting the availability of nicotine for use in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in Australia took effect from October 1, 2021. This change meant that nicotine containing liqu...

    Authors: Melis Selamoglu, Bircan Erbas, Hester Wilson and Chris Barton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:53
  12. Primary care is integral to the health system and population health. Primary care research is still in development and most academic departments lack effective research investments. High impact primary care re...

    Authors: Allison Gayapersad, Mary Ann O’Brien, Christopher Meaney, Ishan Aditya, Julia Baxter and Peter Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:52
  13. Self-management support has been recognized as one of the most essential elements of the Chronic Care Model (CCM). Inspired by the CCM, the EMPOWER-SUSTAIN Global Cardiovascular Risks Self-Management Booklet© was...

    Authors: Mohamad Abu Zar Abdul-Halim, Noorhida Baharudin, Hasidah Abdul-Hamid, Mohamed-Syarif Mohamed-Yassin, Maryam Hannah Daud, Siti Fatimah Badlishah-Sham, Suraya Abdul-Razak and Anis Safura Ramli
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:51
  14. Failing to comprehend risk communication might contribute to poor treatment adherence. Using hypertension as a case, we investigated how a risk communication tool for patients with an elevated risk of cardiova...

    Authors: Anders Elkær Jensen, Jens Søndergaard, Niels Kristian Kjær and Jesper Bo Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:50
  15. Australian cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines recommend absolute CVD risk assessment, but less than half of eligible patients have the required risk factors recorded due to fragmented implement...

    Authors: Carissa Bonner, Samuel Cornell, Kristen Pickles, Carys Batcup, Carl de Wet, Mark Morgan, Kim Greaves, Denise O’Connor, Anna L Hawkes, Paul Crosland, Niamh Chapman and Jenny Doust
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:49
  16. This study aimed to examine the relationship between Self-Care, Self-Efficacy, and Health Deviation Self-Care Requisites in patients with type 2 diabetes based on Orem’s Self-Care Theory.

    Authors: Ghorbanali Jennat Fereidooni, Fazlollah Ghofranipour and Fatemeh Zarei
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:48
  17. Hypertension is one of the global public health problems. Family physician-contracted service (FPCS) is widely used in the health management of hypertension patients in China. The purpose of this study was to ...

    Authors: Yiping Zheng, Yuqing Liu, Dongyu Xue, Zhao Shang, Baoquan Zhang and Yue Dai
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:47
  18. Primary care actors can play a major role in developing and promoting access to Self-Management Education and Support (SMES) programmes for people with chronic disease. We reviewed studies on SMES programmes i...

    Authors: Emmanuel Allory, Jordan Scheer, Vincent De Andrade, Ronan Garlantézec and Rémi Gagnayre
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:46
  19. Team-based care is an essential part of primary health care (PHC), and its team service delivery process is a systematic one involving multiple and complex influences. Research on the formation mechanism can h...

    Authors: Chanjiao Li, Lu Cui, Siyu Zhou, Anning He and Ziling Ni
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:45
  20. Low back pain is the fourth most common reason for consulting a general practitioner (GP) among people aged 40–50 years. Beyond the overall benefits of physical activity (PA) on health (psychological, cardiova...

    Authors: Marion Dehainault, Olivia Gaillard, Bintou Ouattara, Matthieu Peurois and Cyril Begue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:44
  21. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the large uptake in virtual care in primary care in Canada, the care of patients with type 2 diabetes has been greatly affected. This includes decreased in-person vi...

    Authors: A. Senthinathan, K. Tu, E. Stephenson, B. O’Neill, L. Lipscombe, C. Ji, D. A. Butt, J. Apajee, A. Train and N. Crampton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:43
  22. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly advancing field that is beginning to enter the practice of medicine. Primary care is a cornerstone of medicine and deals with challenges such as physician shortage and...

    Authors: Matthew R. Allen, Sophie Webb, Ammar Mandvi, Marshall Frieden, Ming Tai-Seale and Gene Kallenberg
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:42
  23. Decisions on the frequency of physician encounters for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have significant impacts on both patients’ health outcomes and burden on health systems, whereas definitive ...

    Authors: Wanchun Xu, Ivy Lynn Mak, Ran Zhang, Esther Yee Tak Yu, Amy Pui Pui Ng, David Tak Wai Lui, David Vai Kiong Chao, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam and Eric Yuk Fai Wan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:41
  24. Different mental disorders may be associated with many work-related factors to which primary health care workers (PHCWs) are exposed. The current research aims to measure the rates of depression, anxiety, and ...

    Authors: Edris Kakemam, Katayoun Maassoumi, Somayeh Azimi, Madineh Abbasi, Fateme Tahmasbi and Mahasti Alizadeh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:40
  25. Recurrences of low back pain (LBP) are frequent and associated with high levels of disability and medical costs. Regular exercise practice may be an effective strategy to prevent recurrences of LBP, however, t...

    Authors: Alexandre Moniz, Susana T. Duarte, Pedro Aguiar, Carmen Caeiro, Diogo Pires, Rita Fernandes, Diogo Moço, Marta M. Marques, Rute Sousa, Helena Canhão, Jaime Branco, Ana Maria Rodrigues and Eduardo B. Cruz
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:39

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Primary Care 2024 25:94

  26. Identification in UK general practice of women affected by domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is increasing, but men and children/young people (CYP) are rarely identified and referred for specialist support. To...

    Authors: Eszter Szilassy, Caroline Coope, Elizabeth Emsley, Emma Williamson, Estela Capelas Barbosa, Medina Johnson, Anna Dowrick and Gene Feder
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:38
  27. Patient safety research has focused mostly on the hospital and acute care setting whereas assessments of patient safety climate in primary health care settings are warranted. Valid questionnaires as e.g., the ...

    Authors: Anne Estrup Olesen, Marie Haase Juhl, Ellen Tveter Deilkås and Solvejg Kristensen
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:37
  28. Adverse childhood experiences can have immediate effects on a child’s wellbeing and health and may also result in disorders and illness in adult life. General practitioners are in a good position to identify a...

    Authors: Oda Martine Steinsdatter Øverhaug, Johanna Laue, Svein Arild Vis and Mette Bech Risør
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:36
  29. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives in primary care in Japan are rare. One crucial area for QI is the appropriate prescription of benzodiazepines due to the large and growing elderly population in the country.

    Authors: Masahiro Nishimura, Alan R. Teo, Takahiro Mochizuki, Naoki Fujiwara, Masakazu Nakamura and Daisuke Yamashita
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:35
  30. Calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibodies (CGRP mAbs) are recommended by the United Kingdom National Institute of Health and Care Excellence for the prevention of migraine as treatment beyond third...

    Authors: David Kernick, Nazanin Kondori, Andrew Pain, Julie Mount, Camilla Appel, Michael Ranopa and Tania Gulati
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:34
  31. General practice in the UK is under substantial pressure and practices are increasingly including paramedics as part of their workforce. Little is known about how different models of paramedic working may affe...

    Authors: Hannah Stott, Trudy Goodenough, Justin Jagosh, Andy Gibson, Nicky Harris, Cathy Liddiard, Alyesha Proctor, Behnaz Schofield, Nicola Walsh, Matthew Booker and Sarah Voss
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:32
  32. Point-of-care testing may reduce diagnostic uncertainty in case of suspicion of bacterial infection, thereby contributing to prudent antibiotic prescribing. We aimed to study variations in the use of point-of-...

    Authors: Line Due Christensen, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Ellen Keizer, Bodil Hammer Bech, Flemming Bro, Morten Bondo Christensen and Linda Huibers
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:31
  33. In the United States, Latinos face a wide array of cultural and structural barriers to accessing and utilizing mental health care. Latino men specifically are at high risk of receiving inadequate mental health...

    Authors: Nathan Swetlitz, Ladson Hinton, Morgan Rivera, Mishen Liu, Anna Claire Fernandez and Maria E Garcia
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:30
  34. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as health-related lifestyle diseases, are the leading cause of mortality and societal and economic burdens. Poor lifestyle behaviors, which are modifiable to improve healt...

    Authors: Shunsuke Kinoshita, Nobutaka Hirooka, Takeru Kusano, Kohei Saito and Ryutaro Aoyagi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:29
  35. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has improved the life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH) and has increased the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases. Comorbid HIV and diabetes mellitu...

    Authors: Rumbidzai Chireshe, Tawanda Manyangadze and Keshena Naidoo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:28
  36. Since general practitioners manage acne-related referrals, there needs to be more information in Iran about how drugs such as Isotretinoin are prescribed and the treatment plan. Thus, this study aimed to evalu...

    Authors: Parisa Hosseinpour, Ghazal Gholamabbas, Fatemehsadat Pezeshkian, Amirhossein Erfani, Reza Shahriarirad and Ahmad Reza Parhizkar
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:27
  37. Interprofessional primary care teams have been introduced across Canada to improve access (e.g., a regular primary care provider, timely access to care when needed) to and quality of primary care. However, the...

    Authors: Amy Grant, Julia Kontak, Elizabeth Jeffers, Beverley Lawson, Adrian MacKenzie, Fred Burge, Leah Boulos, Kelly Lackie, Emily Gard Marshall, Amy Mireault, Susan Philpott, Tara Sampalli, Debbie Sheppard-LeMoine and Ruth Martin-Misener
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:25
  38. Compared to the general population, individuals experiencing homelessness are at greater risk of excess morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 but have been vaccinated at lower rates. The U.S. Department of Vet...

    Authors: June L. Gin, Michelle D. Balut and Aram Dobalian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:24
  39. Medical decisions are influenced by a variety of factors also by legal requirements and feelings of uncertainty, which results in the term defensive medicine. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence...

    Authors: Katja Goetz, Dorothee Oldenburg, Christina Jana Strobel and Jost Steinhäuser
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:23
  40. Analysis of general practice records can address the information gap on the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Ireland, informing practice and the development of interventions in primary care. The aim o...

    Authors: Maria Sullivan, Raymond O’Connor and Ailish Hannigan
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:22
  41. Increased incidence and/or reporting of domestic abuse (DA) accompanied the COVID-19 pandemic. National lockdowns and enforced social isolation necessitated new ways of supporting victims of DA remotely. Identifi...

    Authors: Lucy Downes and Estela Capelas Barbosa
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:21
  42. The National Health Service (NHS) and general practice are increasingly adopting digital services. These services can impact both positively and negatively upon patient experiences, and access to digital servi...

    Authors: Nada Khan, Emma Pitchforth, Rachel Winder, Gary Abel, Christopher E. Clark, Emma Cockcroft and John Campbell
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:20
  43. There is growing consensus that primary health care (PHC) providers have an important role in providing holistic, preventative care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). In regional Aust...

    Authors: Sherridan Warner, Daniel Cheung, Ashleigh Condon, Juliet Cunningham, Jodie Bailie, Ariane Minc, Simone Herbert and Natalie Edmiston
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:19
  44. This study reports the experiences of general practice staff and patients at high risk of poor health outcomes who took part in a clustered randomised controlled trial of a multicomponent general practice inte...

    Authors: Sara Javanparast, Leigh Roeger and Richard L. Reed
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:18
  45. Post-smoking-cessation weight gain can be a major barrier to quitting smoking; however, adding behavior change interventions for physical activity (PA) and diet may adversely affect smoking cessation outcomes....

    Authors: Nadia Minian, Kamna Mehra, Mathangee Lingam, Rosa Dragonetti, Scott Veldhuizen, Laurie Zawertailo, Wayne K. deRuiter, Osnat C. Melamed, Rahim Moineddin, Kevin E. Thorpe, Valerie H. Taylor, Margaret Hahn and Peter Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:16
  46. Rapid antigen detection tests (RADT) for Group A streptococci (GAS) and point-of-care tests for C-reactive protein (CRP) are commonly used in patients with pharyngotonsillitis in Sweden and Denmark although CR...

    Authors: Jon Pallon, Martin Sundqvist and Katarina Hedin
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:15
  47. “Core values” help to guide practice of health care delivery. The core values of general practice are described in the European definition of general practice by WONCA, e.g. a holistic, comprehensive and conti...

    Authors: Leonie Horn, Charlotte Ullrich, Leonie Boelter, Michel Wensing, Frank Peters-Klimm and Sandra Stengel
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2024 25:14

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