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Table 4 Hospitalization Data of 100 patients undergoing Elective Foot and Ankle Surgery

From: Opioid prescribing practices prior to elective foot and ankle surgery: a population-based evaluation using health administrative data from a tertiary hospital in Canada

  Preoperative Classification P-value
Opioid Naive
(n = 55)
Intermittent Opioid Users
(n = 26)
Long-term Opioid Users
(n = 19)
Surgical Procedure, n (%)
 Ankle Fusion 41 (74.6) 19 (73.1) 16 (84.3) 0.11
 Total Ankle Replacement 13 (23.6) 7 (26.9) 1 (5.2)
 Hindfoot Reconstruction 1 (1.8) 0 (0) 2 (10.5)
Mean In hospital Opioid Consumption in MED (SD) 28.5 (36.1) 49.6 (69.0) 99.7 (120.5)  < 0.001
Mean length of stay in days (SD) 2.7 (1.4) 2.5 (1.1) 3.9 (2.8) 0.01
Discharge Location, n (%)
 Home 54 (98.2) 25 (96.2) 16 (84.2) 0.048
 Rehabilitation Hospital 1 (1.8) 1 (3.8) 3 (15.8)
Readmission to hospital, n (%) 2 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 4 (21.1) 0.02
Postoperative complications, n (%) 14 (26) 5(19) 24 (24%) 0.80