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Table 2 Logistic regression for having a regular health care provider for “regular provider” sample (n = 14,077)

From: Utilization of healthcare by immigrants in Canada: a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey

  Coefficient (Standard Error) t statistic Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Primary exposure
 Time since immigration     < 0.001
  0–9 years 1   1.00  
   ≥ 10 years 0.557 (0.095) 5.86 1.75 (1.45, 2.10) < 0.001
Predisposing factors
 Sex     < 0.001
  Male     
  Female 0.544 (0.082) 6.62 1.72 (1.47, 2.03) < 0.001
 Age     < 0.001
  18–39 years     
  40–64 years 0.345 (0.100) 3.46 1.41 (1.16, 1.72) 0.001
  65–79 years 1.026 (0.158) 6.51 2.79 (2.05, 3.80) <  0.001
   ≥ 80 years 1.410 (0.260) 5.43 4.09 (2.46, 6.82) <  0.001
 Marital status     < 0.001
  Single     
  Widowed/divorced/separated 0.132 (0.162) 0.82 1.14 (0.83, 1.57) 0.414
  Married or common-law 0.636 (0.117) 5.42 1.89 (1.50, 2.38) <  0.001
 Sense of belonging to local community     < 0.001
  Very weak     
  Somewhat weak 0.150 (0.174) 0.86 1.16 (0.82, 1.64) 0.391
  Somewhat strong 0.517 (0.165) 3.14 1.68 (1.21, 2.32) 0.002
  Very strong 0.584 (0.184) 3.17 1.79 (1.25, 2.57) 0.002
Enabling factors
 Total household income     < 0.001
  No income or < $20,000     
  $20,000–$39,999 0.536 (0.162) 3.30 1.71 (1.24, 2.35) 0.001
  $40,000–$59,999 0.725 (01.67) 4.33 2.06 (1.49, 2.87) < 0.001
  $60,000–$79,999 0.946 (0.180) 5.26 2.58 (1.81, 3.67) < 0.001
  $80,000 or more 1.039 (0.156) 6.68 2.83 (2.08, 3.84) < 0.001
 Education     0.033
  Less than secondary school   
  Secondary school −0.185 (0.182) −1.02 0.83 (0.58, 1.19) 0.307
  Post-secondary −0.314 (0.156) −2.01 0.73 (0.54, 0.99) 0.045
Need factors
 Self-perceived health     0.035
  Poor    
  Fair −0.546 (0.351) −1.55 0.58 (0.29, 1.15) 0.121
  Good − 0.542 (0.313) −1.73 0.58 (0.31, 1.08) 0.084
  Very good −0.676 (0.314) −2.15 0.51 (0.27, 0.94) 0.031
  Excellent −0.734 (0.320) −2.29 0.48 (0.26, 0.90) 0.022
 Number of medical conditions     < 0.001
  Zero   
  One 0.243 (0.105) 2.31 1.27 (1.04, 1.57) 0.021
  Two 0.450 (0.129) 3.49 1.57 (1.22, 2.02) 0.001
  Three or more 0.858 (0.142) 6.05 2.36 (1.79, 3.12) < 0.001