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Table 5 Odds ratios for lifestyle changes during last 12 months

From: Body size perception, knowledge about obesity and factors associated with lifestyle change among patients, health care professionals and public health experts

Variable Overweight Obese
OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Respondents’ group (health care providers and public health experts) 0.68 0.37–1.23 0.198 1.10 0.54–2.27 0.790
Sex (female) 1.09 0.68–1.76 0.727 1.77 1.01–3.10 0.047
Age (< 45) 1.64 1.06–2.55 0.025a 0.81 0.47–1.39 0.435
Education (higher) 0.68 0.43–1.06 0.090 1.81 1.05–3.10 0.031
Income (> = 500) 0.99 0.64–1.54 0.963 0.84 0.50–1.41 0.514
Identified correct figure of obese individual:
 Female 1.22 0.63–2.36 0.560 1.03 0.49–2.17 0.937
 Male 1.29 0.59–2.81 0.528 1.55 0.63–3.77 0.337
Perception of own weight
 Underestimated 0.73 0.41–1.29 0.279 0.49 0.28–0.84 0.010
 Overestimated 0.44 0.20–0.96 0.036a
Perception of own figure
 Underestimated 1.20 0.53–2.70 0.669 1.53 0.70–3.38 0.286
 Overestimated 1.00 0.63–1.57 0.981
Happiness with own weight (unhappy) 1.11 0.72–1.72 0.628 2.57 1.36–4.84 0.003a
Recognizing health risks associated with obesity (less than 2 cardiovascular and 2 other risk factors) 0.69 0.45–1.07 0.096 1.11 0.66–1.86 0.699
Causes of obesity:
 Inheritance (disagree/neutral-agree) 1.06 0.69–1.63 0.797 0.64 0.38–1.10 0.101
 Low metabolism (disagree/neutral-agree) 0.81 0.49–1.34 0.408 0.91 0.44–1.86 0.790
 Eats too much (disagree/neutral-agree) 0.89 0.54–1.47 0.639 1.12 0.65–1.94 0.675
 Exercise too little (disagree/neutral-agree) 1.17 0.73–1.86 0.520 1.13 0.64–2.00 0.677
  1. aIndependent risk factors identified in multivariate analysis