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Table 4 Factors associated with expectations and beliefs regarding management of low back pain, including all participants with available data, weights are included

From: Concordance of patient beliefs and expectations regarding the management of low back pain with guideline recommendations – a cross-sectional study in Germany

  No further examinations
(n = 753/977)
Imaging in acute LBP
(n = 765/977)
Prescription for massages
(n = 836/977)
Injection therapy
(n = 788/977)
Referral for physiotherapy in acute LBP
(n = 808/977)
Continue everyday activity
(n = 811/977)
There is no effective treatment for LBP
(n = 600/977)
Independent variable OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Gender
 Male 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Female 1.08 (0.96, 1.23) 0.69 (0.62, 0.76) 1.43 (1.28, 1.59) 0.81 (0.73, 0.90) 1.22 (1.10, 1.35) 2.47 (2.22, 2.76 0.98 (0.85, 1.15)
Age in years (continuously) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 1.03 (1.02, 1.04) 1.01 (1.00, 1.02)
Educational level
 < 10 years of school 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 10 years 1.10 (0.94, 1.28) 1.06 (0.93, 1.21) 1.13 (0.98, 1.31) 0.74 (0.64, 0.84) 1.25 (1.09, 1.43) 0.95 (0.82, 1.09 0.51 (0.43, 0.61)
 > 10 years 2.10 (1.75, 2.53) 0.74 (0.64, 0.85) 0.85 (0.73, 1.00) 0.30 (0.26, 0.35) 0.94 (0.81, 1.09) 1.93 (1.63, 2.28) 0.31 (0.25, 0.38)
Self-assessed health status
 Excellent/very good 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Good 0.61 (0.51, 0.72) 1.35 (1.19, 1.52) 1.16 (1.02, 1.32) 0.79 (0.70, 0.90) 1.72 (1.52, 1.94) 0.69 (0.61, 0.80) 0.96 (0.79, 1.17)
 Poor 0.37 (0.31, 0.45) 2.36 (2.04, 2.74) 1.18 (1.00, 1.39) 0.84 (0.72, 0.97) 1.45 (1.24, 1.68) 0.41 (0.35, 0.49) 2.06 (1.66, 2.56)
Low back pain
 Not in the last 12 months 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 In the last 12 months 1.67 (1.45, 1.92) 1.47 (1.31, 1.65) 1.26 (1.12, 1.42) 0.85 (0.76, 0.96) 1.29 (1.15, 1.45) 1.13 (0.99, 1.28) 0.80 (0.67, 0.96)
 Now 1.00 (0.85, 1.18) 0.98 (0.85, 1.14) 1.64 (1.40, 1.92) 0.61 (0.52, 0.70) 1.39 (1.20, 1.61) 2.36 (1.99, 2.80) 1.30 (1.06, 1.59)
Prior injection therapy   
 No     1 (Reference)    
 Yes     2.14 (1.94, 2.35)    
  1. OR Odds ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence interval, LBP Low back pain, bold numbers are statistically significant