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Table 3 Association of PCPs’ background characteristics with mean scores of different facilitators to managing domestic violence

From: Factors that facilitate recognition and management of domestic violence by primary care physicians in a Chinese context - a mixed methods study in Hong Kong

  (a) Unexplained bruises (b) Mood symptoms (c) Role in mental health management (d) Regular doctor (e) Other family members (f)Communi-cation skills (g) Trusting relationship (h) Medical history (i) Referred by social workers (j) Safety protocol (k) Specific training (l) Interested in DV management (m)Discus-sion with colleague
No. of years in primary care practice
  < 10 3.08 3.06 2.99 3.13 2.86 3.31 3.39 3.08 3.14 2.87 3.10 2.97 3.06
 10–19 3.07 3.06 3.01 3.21 2.95 3.31 3.44 3.04 3.09 2.87 3.09 2.96 2.94
 20–29 3.17 3.08 2.97 3.24 2.93 3.37 3.50 3.21 3.05 2.76 3.03 3.04 2.90
  ≥ 30 3.12 3.07 3.01 3.21 2.94 3.33 3.44 3.11 3.00 2.92 2.96 3.01 2.95
 P-valuea 0.032* 0.763 0.600 0.255 0.015* 0.634 0.499 0.008* 0.381 0.336 0.391 0.691 0.106
Gender
 M 3.14 3.07 2.99 3.24 2.96 3.37 3.48 3.14 3.08 2.88 3.09 3.05 2.96
 F 3.07 3.07 3.02 3.17 2.94 3.28 3.40 3.08 3.10 2.82 3.00 2.91 2.97
P-value 0.100 0.937 0.333 0.150 0.626 0.029* 0.083 0.167 0.747 0.298 0.128 0.008* 0.755
Setting
 Public 3.08 3.09 3.01 3.18 2.90 3.33 3.40 3.10 3.18 2.85 3.11 3.02 2.98
  Private 3.14 3.06 2.99 3.25 3.00 3.33 3.49 3.13 3.00 2.85 3.00 2.96 2.94
P-value 0.109 0.510 0.533 0.166 0.018* 0.976 0.061 0.417 0.001** 0.936 0.075 0.318 0.333
Specialist in family medicine
 Yes 3.12 3.11 3.03 3.26 2.94 3.39 3.48 3.12 3.13 2.84 3.04 3.00 2.96
 No 3.10 3.05 2.99 3.18 2.95 3.30 3.42 3.12 3.06 2.86 3.06 2.98 2.96
P-value 0.709 0.135 0.320 0.121 0.780 0.065 0.187 0.968 0.202 0.803 0.738 0.726 0.944
FRACGP/MRCGP/FHKCFPb
 Yes 3.09 3.08 3.02 3.26 2.95 3.33 3.47 3.17 3.12 2.84 3.07 3.00 3.00
 No 3.13 3.06 2.98 3.18 2.95 3.33 3.42 3.08 3.06 2.87 3.05 2.97 2.93
P-value 0.392 0.473 0.296 0.103 0.981 0.885 0.345 0.036* 0.285 0.593 0.697 0.566 0.080
Master/Diploma in Psychological Medicine/ Counselling/Family Counselling
 Yes 3.17 3.21 3.13 3.34 3.04 3.36 3.53 3.26 3.21 2.89 3.19 3.06 3.02
 No 3.10 3.06 2.99 3.20 2.94 3.33 3.44 3.10 3.07 2.85 3.04 2.98 2.95
P-value 0.312 0.019* 0.036* 0.084 0.141 0.671 0.212 0.028* 0.123 0.622 0.130 0.350 0.375
1st Medical degree
 Hong Kong 3.11 3.08 2.99 3.18 2.94 3.31 3.41 3.09 3.11 2.85 3.07 2.98 2.95
 Other Asian countries 3.14 3.03 3.03 2.97 2.93 3.21 3.28 3.07 2.90 2.83 2.93 2.90 2.93
 Western countries 3.13 3.06 3.05 3.46 3.01 3.50 3.67 3.30 3.05 2.87 3.04 3.06 3.01
P-value 0.873 0.873 0.476 < 0.001** 0.402 0.003* < 0.001** 0.001* 0.145 0.943 0.507 0.358 0.602
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.001
  2. aP-value of ANOVA
  3. bFRACGP: Fellowship of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; MRCGP: Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners; FHKCFP: Fellowship of Hong Kong College of Family Physicians