Skip to main content

Table 3 Illness perception dimensions and resources as predictors of potentially suboptimal use of services and/or a poor health related quality of life, results of multinomial logistic regression analyses with one predictor included per analysis

From: Identifying high-need patients with multimorbidity from their illness perceptions and personal resources to manage their health and care: a longitudinal study

 Frequent contact with GPUse of general practice out-of-office serviceUnplanned hospitalisationPoor health related quality of life
 NORNORNORNOR
Illness perceptions
BIPQ Consequences ≥7 (vs < 7)5761.215841.425801.565845.68***
BIPQ Timeline ≥7 (vs < 7)5741.815820.875780.985822.56
BIPQ Personal control ≥7 (vs < 7)5760.905841.015800.40**5840.37***
BIPQ Treatment control ≥7 (vs < 7)455a0.66460a0.64*457a0.61460a0.29***
BIPQ Identity ≥7 (vs < 7)5771.73**5851.135811.275857.10***
BIPQ Concern ≥7 (vs < 7)5641.94**5711.185661.465716.58***
BIPQ Understanding ≥7 (vs < 7)5681.165750.845700.705750.85
BIPQ Emotional response ≥7 (vs < 7)5702.02**5771.70*5721.725775.55***
Personal resources
 Education level: medium (vs low)5760.915840.865800.825840.79
 Education level: high (vs low)5760.795840.955800.745840.38**
 “I get by or I save” (vs “I have to make debts or use my savings”)5620.665701.205661.265700.42**
 Lives with partner5891.005971.245921.255970.65*
 “Have plenty people”: yes (vs more or less / no)5740.755801.095750.945800.41***
 HLQ Healthcare provider support: score ≥ 3 (vs < 3)5771.055830.62*5790.805830.70
 HLQ Having sufficient information ≥3 (vs < 3)5690.705760.755710.815760.51**
 HLQ Actively managing health ≥3 (vs < 3)5631.165700.775651.285701.17
 HLQ Social support ≥3 (vs < 3)5691.025771.325721.025770.96
 HLQ Critical appraisal ≥3 (vs < 3)5641.215700.675660.875700.90
 HLQ Active engagement with healthcare providers ≥4 (vs < 4)5530.875590.685551.245590.43***
 HLQ Navigating the healthcare system ≥4 (vs < 4)5570.62*5630.755590.825630.48**
 HLQ Ability to find good health information ≥4 (vs < 4)5510.735570.725531.075570.54**
 HLQ Reading and understanding health information: score ≥ 4 (vs < 4)5540.66*5600.775560.765600.58*
 Mastery > 21 (vs ≤21)5740.51**5810.775770.62581.20***
 HADS-Depression < 8 (vs ≥8)5770.685840.775791.39584.16***
  1. HLQ Health Literacy Questionnaire, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, BIPQ Brief Ilness Perception Questionnaire, OR Odds Ratio; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. a only filled in if applicable (perceived by participants as in case of medical treatment); n = 94 chose the n.a.-option