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Table 2 Ordinal regression analysis of trust in physicians and patient characteristics

From: Patient factors that affect trust in physicians: a cross-sectional study

Variables Odds ratio 95% Confidence Interval p-value
Sex (Ref: Male)
 Female 0.67* 0.49–0.91 0.01
Age group (Ref: 20–29, years)
 30–39 1.01 0.68–1.51 0.96
 40–49 1.23 0.83–1.84 0.30
  ≥ 50 1.10 0.73–1.65 0.66
Region (Ref: The Seoul Capital Area)
 Metropolitan areas 1.05 0.75–1.36 0.79
 Provinces 0.84 0.63–1.14 0.27
Medical insurance (Ref: Self-employed insured)
 Employee insured 0.97 0.73–1.28 0.82
 Medical-aid beneficiary 1.11 0.66–1.86 0.69
Home ownership (Ref: Privately owned)
 Lease 0.87 0.63–1.21 0.41
 Monthly rent 0.76 0.51–1.14 0.18
 Provided for free 1.07 0.48–2.39 0.87
Education level (Ref: High school diploma or less)
 Some college/ bachelor’s degree 2.20 0.29–16.66 0.45
 Graduate/ professional degree 1.21 0.84–1.75 0.30
Monthly household income (Ref:<$1900)
 $1900 to ≤ $3800 1.08 0.70–1.67 0.74
  ≥ $3800 1.25 0.79–1.95 0.34
Smoking (Ref: Never smoker)
 Daily smoker 0.64* 0.43–0.97 0.03
 Intermittent smoker 0.90 0.54–1.49 0.68
 Former smoker 1.00 0.68–1.46 0.98
Drinking alcohol frequency (Ref: None)
 Once or less a week 0.68 0.47–0.99 0.05
 Two times or more a week 0.75 0.48–1.19 0.22
Exercise frequency (Ref: None)
 Once to twice a week 1.08 0.76–1.54 0.69
 Three to seven times a week 1.05 0.74–1.49 0.79
Degree of stress (Ref: Little or none)
 Moderate 0.74* 0.56–0.98 0.04
 Extreme 0.48** 0.30–0.75 < 0.01
Self-rated health status (Ref: Very good/ good)
 Fair 0.53** 0.39–0.70 < 0.01
 Poor/ very poor 0.29** 0.19–0.45 < 0.01
Hospitalization in the past 12 months (Ref: None) 1.49* 1.03–2.16 0.03
Outpatient visit in the past 2 weeks (Ref: None) 1.37* 1.03–1.82 0.03
Being unable to use hospitals/clinics when necessary in the past 12 months (Ref: None) 1.00 0.74–1.35 0.99
Attitudes toward the current health system (Ref: Positive)
 Negative 0.43** 0.33–0.57 < 0.01
 Very negative 0.07** 0.04–0.12 < 0.01
  1. *p<,0.05. **p<,0.01, R square 0.104