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Table 2 Characteristics of patients by baseline screen-positive (GAD-7/PHQ-9) and chart-documented MMIa

From: Moderate mental illness as a predictor of chronic disease prevention and screening

  Composite Covariate (GAD, PHQ, BETTER MMI)  
  Not Detected / Inactive Symptoms (Unaffected, N = 425) Detected / Inactive Symptoms (N = 161) Not Detected / Active Symptoms (N = 75) Detected / Active Symptoms (N = 99) P-value
Age (years) 53.4 (6.9) 53.9 (6.6) 51.3 (6.6) 51.8 (6.4) 0.006
Female sex 282 (66.4) 128 (79.5) 56 (74.7) 80 (80.8) 0.002
Minority race or ethnic group 49 (11.9) 13 (8.2) 10 (13.9) 13 (13.5) 0.47
≥1 yr. post-secondary education 377 (89.1) 130 (80.8) 65 (87.8) 77 (77.8) 0.006
Full or Part-time Employment 334 (79.0) 124 (77.0) 60 (81.1) 54 (55.7) <0.0001
Married/common-law 350 (82.6) 116 (72.1) 52 (71.2) 57 (58.2) <0.0001
Total Household Income
  ≥ 100,000 CAD 236 (58.4) 76 (47.8) 32 (43.8) 28 (29.8) <0.0001
 60,000–99,999 CAD 109 (27.0) 48 (30.2) 20 (27.4) 29 (30.9)
 0–59,999 CAD 59 (14.6) 35 (22.0) 21 (28.8) 37 (39.3)
Current smoker 26 (6.1) 12 (7.5) 8 (10.7) 33 (33.3) <0.0001
Current alcohol consumption
  < 4× per month 260 (61.3) 105 (65.2) 52 (71.2) 72 (73.4) 0.04
  ≥ 4× per month and <2× per week 111 (26.2) 29 (18.0) 12 (16.4) 13 (13.3)
  ≥ 2× per week 53 (12.5) 27 (16.8) 9 (12.4) 13 (13.3)
Exercise status
 Extremely active 82 (19.3) 29 (18.2) 7 (9.6) 16 (16.3) 0.24
  ≤ Mildly active 342 (80.6) 130 (81.8) 66 (90.4) 82 (83.7)
Body-mass index 24.9 (4.9) 25.3 (5.2) 26.5 (5.5) 26.8 (5.8) 0.004
Obese 58 (14.1) 27 (16.9) 16 (22.2) 29 (29.3) 0.003
MOS Social Support Score 83.4 (18.3) 75.2 (23.3) 60.7 (27.1) 55.4 (28.6) <0.0001
  1. a Continuous variables presented as means (SD) and categorical variables presented as N (%). Kruskal Wallis tests are used for continuous variables, and Person’s chi-squared tests or Fisher’s exact tests are used for categorical variables
  2. CAD: Canadian dollars
  3. MOS Social Support Questionnaire: Scores for the 22 items range from 0 to 100, higher scores indicate higher level of self-perceived support