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Table 4 Unstandardized regression coefficients for associations of neighbourhood population characteristics and primary out-of-hours contacts a

From: To what extent does sociodemographic composition of the neighbourhood explain regional differences in demand of primary out-of-hours care: a multilevel study

  Total contacts Telephone consultations Home visits Consultations High urgency contacts Low urgency contacts
  Bc (95% CI) Bc (95% CI) Bc (95% CI) Bc (95% CI) Bc (95% CI) Bc (95% CI)
Constantb −85.62 (−195.27; 24.02) −31.39 (−78.86; 16.07) −16.24 (−34.96; 2.48) −37.85 (−103.29; 27.59) −14.42 (−70.81; 41.97) −70.77 (−136.31; −5.23)
Percentage women 5.43 (3.45; 7.41) 2.70 (1.84; 3.55) 0.71 (0.37; 1.04) 2.04 (0.86; 3.22) 2.01 (1.01; 3.02) 3.43 (2.24; 4.61)
Age group (percentage) 0–4 years 5.47 (2.38; 8.56) 1.64 (0.30; 2.98) −0.28 (−0.81; 0.25) 4.12 (2.28; 5.96) 1.97 (0.41; 3.54) 4.51 (1.66; 5.36)
5-14 years −2.70 (−3.96; −1.44) −1.99 (−2.53; −1.44) −0.35 (−0.56; −0.13) −0.36 (−1.11; 0.39) −0.92 (1.56; −0.28 −1.79 (−2.55; −1.04)
15-24 years −3.58 (−4.74; −2.41) −1.87 (−2.37; −1.36) −0.61 (−0.81; −0.41) −1.10 (−1.80; −0.40) −2.13 (−2.72; −1.54) −1.46 (−2.16; −0.76)
40-64 years 0.17 (−0.79; 1.13) −0.10 (−0.51; 0.32) −0.09 (−0.26; 0.07) 0.35 (−0.22; 0.92) −0.15 (−0.64; 0.33) 0.34 (−0.24; 0.91)
65-74 years −1.61 (−3.22; −0.01) −1.50 (−2.19; −0.80) −0.56 (−0.83; −0.29) 0.44 (−0.52; 1.39) −0.60 (−1.41; 0.21) −1.03 (−1.99; −0.07)
75+ 1.61 (0.36; 2.86) 0.81 (0.29; 1.35) 2.01 (1.79; 2.22) −1.22 (−1.96; −0.47) 1.14 (0.51; 1.77) 0.48 (−0.27; 1.23)
Percentage low-income households 1.15 (0.62; 1.68) 0.52 (0.29; 0.75) 0.25 (0.16; 0.34) 0.39 (0.07; 0.70) 0.90 (0.64; 1.17) 0.24 (−0.08; 0.56)
Percentage non-Western immigrants 0.85 (0.56; 1.14) 0.42 (0.30; 0.55) 0.03 (−0.02; 0.08) 0.39 (0.21; 0.56) 0.34 (0.19; 0.49) 0.52 (0.35; 0.70)
Urbanisation Low urbanisation 12.24 (5.28; 19.21) 6.20 (3.19; 9.22) 0.72 (−0.47; 1.91) 5.21 (1.06; 9.37) 5.13 (1.60; 8.67) 6.97 (2.80; 11.14)
Moderate urbanisation 33.85 (25.53; 42.17) 15.00 (11.36; 18.60) 1.40 (−0.02; 2.83) 17.33 (12.37; 22.29) 13.80 (9.57; 18.02) 20.02 (15.04; 25.00)
High urbanisation 43.22 (33.97; 52.47) 19.37 (15.39; 23.37) 1.79 (0.21; 3.37) 21.95 (16.44; 27.47) 16.59 (11.89; 21.29) 26.73 (21.19; 32.26)
Very high urbanisation 23.31 (10.33; 36.29) 14.18 (8.56; 19.80) −0.76 (−2.98; 1.46) 9.81 (2.07; 17.55) 6.09 (−0.50; 12.69) 17.53 (9.76; 25.30)
Neighbourhood status Low status 27.94 (18.01; 37.88) 8.66 (4.36; 12.96) 2.23 (0.53; 3.93) 17.02 (11.10; 22.95) 10.48 (5.44; 15.53) 17.08 (11.13; 23.03)
Moderate status 7.09 (−0.95; 15.12) 0.93 (−2.55; 4.41) 0.24 (−1.13; 1.61) 5.95 (1.16; 10.73) 0.98 (−3.10; 5.06) 5.89 (1.08; 10.69)
High status 3.77 (−3.58; 11.11) −0.18 (−3.37; 2.99) −0.28 (−1.54; 0.98) 4.18 (−0.20; 8.56) 0.62 (−3.11; 4.35) 2.97 (−1.43; 7.36)
Random effect Variance (SE) Variance (SE) Variance (SE) Variance (SE) Variance (SE) Variance (SE)
Between GP cooperative variance 1288.30 (421.42) 239.56 (78.22) 29.97 (10.45) 503.30 (173.11) 797.09 (255.70) 394.81 (128.99)
ICCd 0.50 0.49 0.44 0.53 0.70 0.46
  R 2 R 2 R 2 R 2 R 2 R 2
Explained variance 22.44 27.32 51.52 10.87 7.98 30.58
  1. aPer 1000 inhabitants for postcode areas with > = 1000 inhabitants and > = 100 patients (n = 1121 postcode areas).
  2. bConstant: men, age group 20–39, rural area, very high status neighbourhood.
  3. cStatistical significance, bold if P = <.001.
  4. dICC is the intra-class correlation between GP cooperative catchment areas: the relative contribution of GP cooperative catchment area to the residual variance.