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Table 5 A comparison of baseline and follow-up values for the intervention and control groups for secondary outcomes

From: OPTIMAL, an occupational therapy led self-management support programme for people with multimorbidity in primary care: a randomized controlled trial

   Intervention group (n = 22) Control group (n = 22) P-value
   Mean (SD)  
   Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up  
COPM Performance 4.11 (1.4) 5.77 (1.83) 4.37 (1.28) 4.1 (1.35) 0.02*
Satisfaction 3.16 (1.88) 5.57 (1.99) 3.12 (1.69) 3.42 (1.88) 0.02*
NEADL Mobility 11.36 (4.03) 13.36 (4.04) 12.32 (3.90) 11.36 (4.49) 0.10
Kitchen 12.59 (3.95) 13.55 (2.48) 13.64 (2.87) 13.09 (2.78) 0.50
Domestic 9.45 (3.99) 10.18 (3.99) 9.55 (4.03) 8.18 (3.96) 0.20
Leisure 10.14 (3.5) 10.09 (3.58) 9 (3.32) 8.09 (3.37) 0.99
Total 43.09 (12.41) 47.18 (11.87) 44.45 (10.78) 40.73 (10.71) 0.02*
HADS Anxiety 9.77 (5.07) 9.50 (4.71) 10.05 (5.00) 9.09 (4.96) 0.99
Depression 6.68 (3.75) 6.32 (4.19) 6.82 (3.22) 7.82 (3.83) 0.99
Total 16.68 (8.32) 15.59 (8.31) 17.09 (6.88) 16.68 (8.16) 0.49*
SSE   5.53 (1.88) 6.79 (1.51) 5.84 (2.04) 5.32 (1.92) 0.02*
EQ-VAS   49.86 (22.89) 65.73 (20.18) 54.27 (20.79) 50.50 (16.30) 0.02*
HeiQ 1. Health-directed behaviour 2.81 (0.74) 3.04 (0.69) 2.74 (0.73) 2.73 (0.81) 0.99
2. Positive and active engagement in life 2.59 (0.61) 2.93 (0.63) 2.57 (0.44) 2.62 (0.56) 0.04
3. Emotional well-being 2.07 (0.71) 2.35 (0.70) 2.11 (0.73) 2.23 (0.70) 0.99
4. Self-monitoring and insight 3.12 (0.34) 3.25 (0.39) 2.98 (0.46) 2.97 (0.44) 0.99
5. Constructive attitudes and approaches 2.98 (0.67) 3.01 (0.62) 3.06 (0.48) 2.95 (0.41) 0.99
6. Skill and technique acquisition 2.84 (0.49) 3.04 (0.50) 2.83 (0.59) 2.78 (0.34) 0.56
7. Social integration and support 2.85 (0.76) 3.01 (0.75) 2.75 (0.79) 2.84 (0.57) 0.99
8. Health service navigation 3.09 (0.49) 3.15 (0.46) 3.12 (0.65) 3.05 (0.51) 0.99
HCU GP visits 3.32 (2.65) 3.16 (3.35) 2.65 (1.87) 1.70 (1.45) 0.99
PN visits 0.26 (0.45) 0.26 (1.15) 0.35 (0.59) 0.25 (0.44) 0.99
Hosp Admissions 0.05 (0.23) 0.21 (0.42) 0.10 (0.31) 015. (0.37) 0.99
  1. The Bonferroni method was used to account for multiple comparisons.
  2. *Adjusted for baseline values, age, sex, marital status, occupational status and number of chronic conditions.
  3. Mann Whitney U Test.
  4. P values adjusted for bonferroni correction.