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Table 5 A comparison of baseline and follow-up values for the intervention and control groups for secondary outcomes

From: OPTIMAL, an occupational therapy led self-management support programme for people with multimorbidity in primary care: a randomized controlled trial

  

Intervention group (n = 22)

Control group (n = 22)

P-value

  

Mean (SD)

 
  

Baseline

Follow-up

Baseline

Follow-up

 

COPM

Performance

4.11 (1.4)

5.77 (1.83)

4.37 (1.28)

4.1 (1.35)

0.02*

Satisfaction

3.16 (1.88)

5.57 (1.99)

3.12 (1.69)

3.42 (1.88)

0.02*

NEADL

Mobility

11.36 (4.03)

13.36 (4.04)

12.32 (3.90)

11.36 (4.49)

0.10

Kitchen

12.59 (3.95)

13.55 (2.48)

13.64 (2.87)

13.09 (2.78)

0.50

Domestic

9.45 (3.99)

10.18 (3.99)

9.55 (4.03)

8.18 (3.96)

0.20

Leisure

10.14 (3.5)

10.09 (3.58)

9 (3.32)

8.09 (3.37)

0.99

Total

43.09 (12.41)

47.18 (11.87)

44.45 (10.78)

40.73 (10.71)

0.02*

HADS

Anxiety

9.77 (5.07)

9.50 (4.71)

10.05 (5.00)

9.09 (4.96)

0.99

Depression

6.68 (3.75)

6.32 (4.19)

6.82 (3.22)

7.82 (3.83)

0.99

Total

16.68 (8.32)

15.59 (8.31)

17.09 (6.88)

16.68 (8.16)

0.49*

SSE

 

5.53 (1.88)

6.79 (1.51)

5.84 (2.04)

5.32 (1.92)

0.02*

EQ-VAS

 

49.86 (22.89)

65.73 (20.18)

54.27 (20.79)

50.50 (16.30)

0.02*

HeiQ

1. Health-directed behaviour

2.81 (0.74)

3.04 (0.69)

2.74 (0.73)

2.73 (0.81)

0.99

2. Positive and active engagement in life

2.59 (0.61)

2.93 (0.63)

2.57 (0.44)

2.62 (0.56)

0.04

3. Emotional well-being

2.07 (0.71)

2.35 (0.70)

2.11 (0.73)

2.23 (0.70)

0.99

4. Self-monitoring and insight

3.12 (0.34)

3.25 (0.39)

2.98 (0.46)

2.97 (0.44)

0.99

5. Constructive attitudes and approaches

2.98 (0.67)

3.01 (0.62)

3.06 (0.48)

2.95 (0.41)

0.99

6. Skill and technique acquisition

2.84 (0.49)

3.04 (0.50)

2.83 (0.59)

2.78 (0.34)

0.56

7. Social integration and support

2.85 (0.76)

3.01 (0.75)

2.75 (0.79)

2.84 (0.57)

0.99

8. Health service navigation

3.09 (0.49)

3.15 (0.46)

3.12 (0.65)

3.05 (0.51)

0.99

HCU

GP visits

3.32 (2.65)

3.16 (3.35)

2.65 (1.87)

1.70 (1.45)

0.99

PN visits

0.26 (0.45)

0.26 (1.15)

0.35 (0.59)

0.25 (0.44)

0.99

Hosp Admissions

0.05 (0.23)

0.21 (0.42)

0.10 (0.31)

015. (0.37)

0.99

  1. The Bonferroni method was used to account for multiple comparisons.
  2. *Adjusted for baseline values, age, sex, marital status, occupational status and number of chronic conditions.
  3. Mann Whitney U Test.
  4. P values adjusted for bonferroni correction.