Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study populations

From: Prescribing style and variation in antibiotic prescriptions for sore throat: cross-sectional study across six countries

  ARG DK LT RUS SP SW Total
GPs/Patients (n) 52/1054 64/614 28/584 30/550 257/3359 26/233 457/6394
GP characteristics
  Female 36(69) 31(48) 24(85) 26(86) 164(64) 9(34) 290(63)
  Age = < 48y 41(79) 19(30) 13(46) 10(33) 128(50) 6(23) 217(47)
  No access to strep-A test* 41(80) 0 22(78) 28(93) 201(78) 0 292(63)
  Group practice 25(48) 39(60) 26(92) 11(36) 232(90) 26(100) 359(78)
  Years working as a GP = < 10 32(61) 28(43) 20(71) 21(70) 63(24) 11(42) 175(38)
Patient characteristics
Female 580(55) 340(55) 270(46) 332(60) 2016(60) 116(49) 3654(57)
  Age
  = < 2 years 111(10) 34(5) 58(10) 11(2) 36(1) 14(6) 264(4)
  = > 3 to = <14 years 411(39) 197(32) 279(48) 155(28) 146(4) 109(47) 1297(20)
  = > 15 to = <44 years 421(40) 311(51) 200(34) 293(53) 2071(61) 90(39) 3386(53)
  >45 years 111(10) 72(12) 45(8) 91(16) 1099(33) 20(8) 1438(22)
  = < 3days with symptoms 875(83) 388(63) 437(75) 427(78) 2464(73) 155(66) 4746(74)
  Request for antibiotics (yes) 78(7) 1(0,1) 13(2) 49(9) 61(2) 10(4) 212(3)
  = > 2 Centor criteria 616(58) 317(51) 259(44) 293(53) 1242(37) 182(78) 2909(45)
Patients prescribed antibiotics 615(58) 285(46) 378(65) 377(68) 1386(41) 175(75) 3216(50)
  1. Argentina (ARG), Denmark (DK), Lithuania (LT), Russia (RUS), Spain (SP), Sweden (SW).
  2. n (%).
  3. *Strep-A test: point of care diagnostic test employed to detect Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus.
  4. These age groups have a different risk for developing a bacterial sore throat.
  5. Centor criteria: Fever > 38°C, absence of cough, tender anterior cervical adenopathy, tonsillar exudates.