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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for offering test/treatment in four clinical scenarios

From: The nexus of evidence, context, and patient preferences in primary care: postal survey of Canadian family physicians

  Adjusted odds ratio* (95% CI) P value
CLINICAL SCENARIO 1   
Patient expectation:   
Wonders about mammography 1.00+  
Requests mammography 3.11 (1.72 to 5.64) <.001
Demands mammography 5.15 (2.87 to 9.23) <.0001
CLINICAL SCENARIO 2   
Patient expectation:   
Wonders about x-ray 1.00+  
Requests x-ray 2.08 (1.06 to 4.09) <.0001
Demands x-ray 3.95 (2.07 to 7.54) <.0001
CLINICAL SCENARIO 3   
Patient expectation:   
Wonders about antibiotics 1.00+  
Requests antibiotics 0.89 (0.49 to 1.63) 0.71 NS
Demands antibiotics 1.51 (0.84 to 2.70) 0.17 NS
Type of practice:   
Group 1.00+  
Solo 2.22 (1.35 to 3.65) <.001
Hours/week seeing patients:   
0–19 hours 1.00+  
20–49 hours 1.79 (1.02 to 3.15) <.05
50+ hours 3.52 (1.06 to 11.70) <.05
CLINICAL SCENARIO 4   
Physician gender:   
Male 1.00+  
Female 2.11 (1.19 to 3.76) <.01
  1. * Adjusted for physician age, gender, hours/week seeing patients, practice setting, type of practice, Internet access, patient expectation, and self-identification with EBM. + Used as baseline comparison.