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Table 2 Main characteristics and differences of the two groups of patients

From: Primary care referrals of patients with potentially serious diseases to the emergency department or a quick diagnosis unit: a cross-sectional retrospective study

Variable PHC-QDU patients n = 1186 PHC-ED-QDU patients n = 1004 Pvalue
Age (years) 58.8 (16.1), 62 [55;67.7] 56.8 (15.5), 60.3 [53.8;66] NS
Female 608 (51.3) 527 (52.5)  
Male 578 (48.7) 477 (47.5)  
Main reason for consultation Unintentional weight loss Anemia  
Waiting time for 1st QDU visit (days)* 2-8 (4.8) 2-4 (2.6) .001
Charlson com in. (score) 1.3 (0.9), 1.1 [0.9;1.5] 1.2 (0.8), 0.9 [0.7;1.3] NS
Main diagnosis Malignant neoplasm Benign GI disorder-related iron-deficiency anemia  
Visits per patient (n) 3.2 (1.8), 3 [2.8;3.3] 2.9 (1.6), 2.7 [2.6;3] NS
Time to diagnosis (days) 9.2 (4), 8.6 [7.9;10.7] 8.9 (4), 8.4 [7.8;10.4] NS
Destination    
PHC 690 (58.2) 625 (62.2) NS
Outpatients 465 (39.2) 365 (36.4) NS
Palliative care 20 (1.7) 7 (0.7) NS
Other 11 (0.9) 7 (0.7) NS
  1. Data expressed as mean (SD) and median [25th-75th percentiles] or number (percentage).
  2. *Data expressed as range (mean).
  3. PHC denotes primary care; QDU, quick diagnosis unit; ED, emergency department; NS, nonsignificant; Charlson com in., Charlson comorbidity index.