Skip to main content

Table 2 PHQ-9 severity and mean scores among study participants (N = 10,179)

From: Detection and management of depression in adult primary care patients in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional survey conducted by a primary care practice-based research network

  Overall Male Female
PHQ-9 scores by severity (score range)    
  Minimal (0–4) 61.1% 65.4% 59.0%
  Mild (5–9) 25.3% 24.5% 26.0%
  Moderate (10–14) 7.5% 6.0% 8.3%
  Moderately severe (15–19) 2.3% 1.6% 2.8%
  Severe (20–27) 0.8% 0.6% 1.0%
Mean PHQ-9 scores by age and sex    5.42
  18-24 yrs 5.33 5.20 5.23
  25-34 yrs 5.09 4.87 4.61
  35-44 yrs 4.44 4.20 4.55
  45-54 yrs 4.09 3.49 4.09
  55-64 yrs 3.68 3.14 4.09
  65+ yrs 3.57 3.01 3.98
  1. Note. PHQ-9 scale score ranges from 0 to 27 with higher score indicating more frequent occurrence of depressive symptoms. A person scoring 10 or above is classified as ‘PHQ-9screened positive’.
  2. Total count can be less than 100% due to missing information provided.