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Table 3 Predictors of resistant hypertension at UMMC (N = 1217)

From: Prevalence and predictors of resistant hypertension in a primary care setting: a cross-sectional study

Variables Adjusted OR* 95% C.I. p value
   Lower Upper  
Chronic kidney disease 2.89 1.56 5.35 0.001**
Body mass index (per 1 kg/m2 increase) 1.05 0.99 1.10 0.08
Age (per 1 year increase) 0.96 0.93 0.99 0.007**
Diabetes 0.88 0.51 1.51 0.64
Ethnicity     
 Malays 1.30 0.64 2.63 0.47
 Chinese 1.20 0.62 2.34 0.59
 Indians 1.00    
Smoking 1.01 0.20 5.07 0.99
Dyslipidaemia 1.33 0.73 2.42 0.36
Gender     
 Female 1.57 0.90 2.74 0.11
 Male 1.00    
  1. *Adjusted odds ratio CI: Confidence Interval. **p-value is <0.05.