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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients enrolled (n = 441)

From: The effectiveness of medical assistant health coaching for low-income patients with uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia: protocol for a randomized controlled trial and baseline characteristics of the study population

  Mean ±SD or Proportion (n)
Demographic characteristics  
Age   52.7 ± 11.1
Gender (female)   55.3% (244)
Currently married or in long term relationship   53.1% (234)
Born in the US   25.6% (113)
Years in US*   18.2 ± 11.1
Primary Language: English 27.7% (122)
  Spanish 68.7% (303)
  Other 3.6% (16)
Ethnicity: Asian 4.1% (18)
  African American 19.0% (84)
  Latino or Hispanic 70.1% (309)
  White 2.5% (11)
  Other 4.3% (19)
Working status: Full time 18.6% (82)
  Part time 25.6% (113)
  Homemaker 13.8% (61)
  Unemployed 16.1% (71)
  Retired 10.0% (44)
  Disabled/SSI 13.6% (60)
  Other 2.3% (10)
Education: Never went to school 4.3% (19)
  1st to 5th grade 18.4% (81)
  6th to 8th grade 21.1% (93)
  Some high school 13.4% (59)
  High school grad or GED 17.7% (78)
  Some college 15.6% (69)
  College graduate 9.5% (42)
Income: Less than 5 K 34.0% (150)
  5 K-10 K 24.3% (107)
  10-20 K 29.5% (130)
  20-40 K 10.2% (45)
  More than 40 K 2.0% (9)
Clinic: Clinic A 75.3% (332)
  Clinic B 24.7% (109)
Total length of coming to clinic for care (years)   8.7 ± 8.1
Clinical characteristics  
Body mass index (BMI)   31.4 ± 6.8
Hemoglobin A1c**   9.9 ± 1.5
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)**   146.7 ± 34.7
Systolic blood pressure**   159.4 ± 15.4
  1. * For the 328 participants born outside the United States.
  2. **Includes only patients qualifying for the study on this measure (n = 158 for hemoglobin A1c, 229 for LDL, and 192 for systolic blood pressure).