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Table 3 Differences between respondents referred to primary and secondary mental health care

From: Referral of patients with depression to mental health care by Dutch general practitioners: an observational study

  Primary mental health care Secondary mental health care Total OR (95% CI) p-value
N (%) 97 (46.2%) 113 (53.8%) 210 (100%) N/A N/A
Stopped two or more antidepressants 5 (5.4%) 18 (17.0%) 23 (11.6%) 3.60 (1.28-10.12) 0.011
Perceived need for (more) psychotherapy/counselling 54 (58.1%) 64 (60.4%) 118 (59.3%) 1.10 (0.62 - 1.94) 0.740
Perceived need for (more) treatment other than psychotherapy/counselling 47 (50.5%) 63 (59.4%) 110 (55.3%) 1.43 (0.82 - 2.52) 0.208
More than 12 months with depression in past two years 20 (21.5%) 43 (40.6%) 63 (31.7%) 2.49 (1.33 - 4.67) 0.004
Suicidal ideations past week or suicide attempt ever 32 (34.4%) 47 (44.3%) 79 (39.7%) 1.52 (0.86 - 2.70) 0.153
Age* 43.42 (11.64) 45.10 (11.34) 44.32 (11.48) N/A 0.304
Gender, male 29 (31.2%) 36 (34.0%) 65 (32.7%) 0.88 (0.49 - 1.60) 0.677
Chronic diseases 57 (61.3%) 70 (66.0%) 127 (63.8%) 1.23 (0.69 - 2.19) 0.487
Comorbid anxiety disorder past year 54 (58.1%) 74 (69.8%) 128 (64.3%) 1.67 (0.93 - 3.00) 0.084
Years of experience as a GP* 20.97 (9.33) 18.94 (10.28) 19.89 (9.88) N/A 0.147
Special interest in depression 23 (26.4%) 29 (29.0%) 52 (27.8%) 1.14 (0.60 - 2.16) 0.696
Presence of mental health professional in GP practice 65 (69.9%) 82 (77.4%) 147 (73.9%) 1.47 (0.78 - 2.78) 0.232
  1. N = absolute number of respondents; (%) = percentage within variable referral; OR = Odds Ratio; (95% CI) = 95% Confidence Interval for Odds ratio, p-value is from chi-square test
  2. * Numbers are mean (standard deviation), p-value is from independent samples t-test