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Table 1 Summary of included studies

From: Predicting acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs

Study Inclusion criteria No. of patients Mean age, y (range) Incidence of UTI% Reference Test Setting and country
McIsaac 2002 Women ≥ 16 y presenting with symptoms of UTI N =231 M = 43.9 (20-92) 53.2% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 4 urban academic family medicine clinics in Canada
McIsaac 2007 Women ≥ 16 y presenting with symptoms of UTI N = 331 M = 45.2 (16-99) 62.8% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 225 Physicians from every province in Canada
Lawson 1973 Women presenting with symptoms of UTI N = 343 M =? (15-55) 34.4% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 2 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
      ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
Nazareth & King 1993 Women presenting with symptoms of lower UTI N = 54 M = 29 (16-45) 27.8% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 2 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Little 2006 Women with suspected UTI N= 408 M = ? (17-70) 62.3% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 67 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Little 2009 Women with suspected UTI N = 431 M = ? (17-70) 66.6% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 62 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Dobbs & Fleming 1987 Women presenting with symptoms of UTI N = 238 M = ? (?) 35.7% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 3 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Mond 1965 Women with symptoms of UTI N = 83 M =? (?) 45.8% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 1 general practice in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
      ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
Medina-Bombardo 2003 Women presenting with symptoms of UTI N = 343 M = 44 (15-90) 48.4% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 18 primary health care centres in Spain
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
      ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
Dans & Klaus 1975 Women complaining of dysuria N = 84 M = 26 (19-60) 46.4% ≥ 102 CFU/ml Adult walk-in clinic in the US
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Gallagher 1965 Women with symptoms of UTI N = 130 M=? (?) 59.2% ≥ 102 CFU/ml Urban general practices in New Zealand
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Fahey 2003 Women presenting with symptoms of UTI N = 85 M= (?) 35.7% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 8 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
      ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
Baerheim 2003 Women with acute dysuria/frequency N = 252 M = 46 for UTI + 63.3% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 8 general practices in Norway
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
    M = 42 for UTI-(18-87)   ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
Osterberg 1996 Women with symptoms of dysuria/frequency N= 214 M = 24 (15-35) 51.4% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 5 primary health care centres in Sweden
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
Hummers-Pradier 2005 Women with symptoms of UTI N = 227 M = 53 (?) 79.3% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 36 general practices in Germany
     68.7% ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
     49.3% ≥ 105 CFU/ml  
O'Brien 2007 Women with clinically suspected uncomplicated UTI N = 111 M = 54 (?) 32.4% ≥ 102 CFU/ml 9 general practices in the UK
      ≥ 103 CFU/ml  
      ≥ 105 CFU/ml