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Table 4 Self-reported levels of stress experienced by parents of children with rotavirus-positive gastroenteritis; mean values and standard deviation on a visual analogue scale where 1 = no stress and 10 = extremely stressed.

From: Impact of community-acquired paediatric rotavirus gastroenteritis on family life: data from the REVEAL study

Study area Parent Mean level of stress (standard deviation)
   Hospital Emergency department Primary care
Belgium Mother 7.44 (1.93) 4.5 (4.95) 6.57 (2.24)
  Father 6.79 (2.38) 4.5 (4.95) 6.40 (2.72)
France Mother 8.27 (1.51) 7.10 (2.43) 5.82 (2.38)
  Father 6.90 (2.09) 6.09 (2.61) 5.09 (2.40)
Germany Mother 8.53 (1.80) --a 6.57 (2.29)
  Father 7.40 (2.85) --a 5.71 (2.55)
Italy Mother 7.53 (2.37) 7.71 (2.14) 5.46 (2.61)
  Father 7.25 (2.46) 6.85 (2.42) 4.83 (2.46)
Spain Mother 8.99 (1.37) 8.64 (1.45) 7.18 (2.06)
  Father 8.56 (1.53) 8.31 (1.76) 6.61 (2.33)
Sweden Mother 6.71 (2.23) 6.52 (2.46) 8.00b
  Father 5.30 (2.45) 5.77 (2.68) 7.00b
United Kingdom Mother 8.89 (1.54) 7.44 (2.03) 8.40 (1.35)
  Father 7.45 (2.68) 6.63 (2.29) 7.75 (1.75)
  1. a In the German study area, all eligible children who presented to the emergency department with acute gastroenteritis during the study were referred to the hospital, so there were no inclusions for the emergency-department setting.
  2. b Only one child with RVGE was included from the primary-care setting in Sweden.