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Table 1 Profiles of high and low-empathy GPs: personal and professional characteristics

From: Profiles of GPs with high and low self-reported physician empathy—personal, professional, and antibiotic prescribing characteristics

  High-empathy GPs † 10th decile (n = 39) Low-empathy GPs ‡ 1st decile (N = 46) Group difference measures
Characteristics Mean [95% CI] CV [95% CI] Mean [95% CI] CV [95% CI] VI [95% CI] Mean DIFF [95% CI] P-value
Total Empathy Score (20 items) 135.49 [134.41; 136.56] 0.015 [0.011;0.018] 97.28 [95.04; 99.53] 0.052 [0.037;0.0647] 1.39 [1.36;1.43] 38.21 [35.67;40.73]  < 0.0001***
PT subscore (10 items)A 67.77 [67.08;68.46] 0.027 [0.021;0.033] 47.3 [45.74;48.87] 0.092 [0.071;0.114] 1.43 [1.38;1.48] 20.47 [18.72;22.21]  < 0.0001***
CP subscore (8 items)A 53.92 [53.31; 54.54] 0.027 [0.018;0.036] 39.28 [37.99;40.58] 0.096 [0.074;0.117] 1.37 [1.33;1.42] 14.64 [14.64;16.05]  < 0.0001***
WPS subscore (2 items)A 13.79 [13.61; 13.98] 0.034 [0.017;0.051] 10.70 [10.04;11.36] 0.193 [0.151;0.235] 1.29 [1.21;1.367] 3.09 [2.41; 3.79]  < 0.0001***
Demographics
 Physician Age 56.33 [54.16; 58.51] 0.128 [0.104; 0.153] 55.91 [53.45;58.37] 0.138 [0.115;0.161] 1.01 [0.95;1.07] 0.42 [-2.91; 3.75] 0.7775
 Male 38.50% [23.09;53.83]    67.40% [52.6;8.22]    0.57 [0.30;0.84] -0.29 [-0.50; -0.08] 0.0076**
 Female 61.50% [46.17;76.91]    32.60% [17.80;47.40]    1.89 [0.69;3.08] 0.29 [0.08;0.50] 0.0076**
Practice Type
 Urban 46.20% [28.28;63.03]    54.30% [37.00;71.71]    0.85 [0.43;1,27] -0.08 [-0.33;0.16] 0.4515
 Rural 17.90% [6.37;29.53]    15.22% [3.72;26.72]    1.18 [-0.74;3.10] 0.03 [-0.14;0.19] 0.7351
 Mixed Urban/Rural 35.90% [20.75;51.05]    30.40% [15.06;45.81]    1.18 [-0.34;2.39] 0.05 [-0.16;0.27] 0.5934
 Partnership 69.20% [53.62;84.84]    63.04% [47.21;78.88]    1.1 [0.66;1.54] 0.06 [-0.14;0.26] 0.5488
 Non-Partnership 30.77% [15.16;46.48]    37.00% [21.12;52.79]    0.83 [0.24;1.43] -0.06 [-0.29;0.16] 0.5488
Experience
 Years since GP specialization 20.82 [18.48;23.16] 0.365 [0.289; 0.440] 20.41 [17.81;23.01] 0.407 [0.326;0.487] 1.02 [0.85;1.19] 0.41 [-3.17;3.98] 0.8702
 Years in present practice 17.62 [15.04;20.19] 0.488 [0.388; 0.587] 18.87 [13.47;24.27] 0.963 [0.414;1.511] 0.93 [0.64;1.23] -1.25 [-7.52;5.02] 0.6556
Job Satisfaction
 Satisfied 87.20% [77.05;97.30]    71.74% [58.50;84.98]    1.22 [0.95;1.48] 0.15 [-0.01; 0.32] 0.0825
 Neutral 10.26% [1.30;19.22]    15.22% [3.51;26.93]    0.68 [-0.45;1.80] -0.05 [0.20; 0.10] 0.4971
 Unsatisfied 2.56% [-4.06; 9.18]    13.04% [3.51;22.58]    0.2 [-1.08;1.47] -0.10 [-0.23; 0.015] 0.0799
Contribution of medical Practice factors to Job SatisfactionC
 Physician–patient relationship 6.69 [6.51;6.87] 0.092 [0.049;0.134] 5.59 [5.33;5.84] 0.139 [0.1065;0.172] 1.2 [1.13;1.26] 1.11 [0.78; 1.42]  < 0.0001***
 Intellectual stimulation 6.21 [5.93;6.48] 0.134 [0.105;0.164] 5.04 [4.76;5.33] 0.191 [0.131;0.252] 1.23 [1.15;1.31] 1.16 [0.76; 1.56]  < 0.0001***
 Interaction with colleagues 6.03 [5.63;6.42] 0.200 [0.137;0.262] 4.70 [4.25;5.14] 0.307 [0.227;0.388] 1.28 [1.14;1.43] 1.33 [0.74; 1.92]  < 0.0001***
 Economic profit 5.13 [4.74;5.52] 0.242 [0.173;0.310] 4.76 [4.42;5.10] 0.235 [0.183;0.287] 1.08 [0.97;1.19] 0.37 [-0.16; 0.89] 0.1377
 Prestige 3.74 [3.27;4.22] 0.410 [0.333;0.486] 3.78 [3.42;4.14] 0.320 [0.228;0.412] 0.99 [0.83;1.15] -0.04 [-0.65; 0.57] 0.5055
  1. †: High-empathy GPs (10th decile). ‡ :  Low-empathy GPs (1st decile). PT: Perspective Taking, CP: Compassionate Care, WPS: Walking in the patient’s shoes. A: The fraction of total score that each subscore contributes is the items shown in parenthesis out of the 20 items in the total empathy score, CV: Coefficient of variation = (SD/Mean); VI: Variation index = %ile>90 group† mean (=39)/ %ile<10 group ‡ mean (= 46). B: The differences between the groups have been tested: For dichotomous variables, the equality of proportions was tested; For continuous or ordinal variables, the Mann-Whitney (ranksum) test was applied. For both types of test the p-values are reported *: p <0.05, **: p <0.01 ***: p <0.001. Furthermore, a 95% CI for the mean group differences have been estimated. In table 1, all reported confidence intervals are based on bootstrapping (1000 reps) based on the observations in the high and low empathy groups respectively. CValues of scores on 7 point-scale