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Table 4 Description of person characteristics with at least one referral to medical specialists in 2020 relative to 2019 in mainland France

From: Underuse of primary healthcare in France during the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020 according to individual characteristics: a national observational study

  Individual Ophthalmologist Gynecologist Dermatologist Cardiologist ORL
  2020 Consula 2020/2019b Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019
  Million % % % % % % % % % %
Total 64.3 26.7 -7 10.2 -9 9.1 -12 9.6 -5 6.3 -11
Age (years)
 0–1 1.4 6.2 -13 0.1 31 2.4 -17 0.7 -7 5.4 -26
 2–6 3.7 21.8 -10 0.0  + 3 3.5 -18 0.7 -17 8.9 -24
 7–17 8.4 26.7 -7 2.0 -9 7.5 -13 1.3 -15 4.0 -15
 18–25 5.8 17.4 -7 13.1 -7 7.8 -6 1.9 -2 3.7 -4
 26–50 20.0 22.1 -9 17.9 -9 8.6 -12 4.5 -6 5.2 -8
 51–65 12.2 31.3 -7 11.5 -10 10.1 -13 13.8 -6 7.3 -10
 66–75 6.9 39.9 -4 7.3 -12 13.5 -10 25.0 -3 9.3 -7
 76–85 4.2 39.8 -7 3.2 -11 12.7 -11 30.8 -5 10.1 -10
  > 85 1.8 22.9 -8 0.7 -9 7.0 -12 20.2 -5 6.9 -11
Sex
 Male 30.7 23.3 -7 0.2  + 6 7.5 -11 10.4 -5 6.2 -10
 Female 33.5 29.8 -8 19.4 -9 10.3 -12 8.9 -5 6.5 -11
Geographic deprivation index (quintile)
 Q1 (Post favored) 12.6 28.8 -7 13.6 -9 12.5 -11 10.1 -5 7.7 -11
 Q2 12.9 27.3 -7 11.1 -9 9.8 -11 9.6 -5 6.5 -10
 Q3 12.9 26.7 -8 10.1 -9 8.9 -11 9.8 -5 6.3 -10
 Q4 12.6 26.1 -7 8.6 -10 7.4 -13 9.3 -5 5.7 -11
 Q5 (Least favored) 12.2 25.0 -7 7.6 -11 6.3 -14 9.4 -6 5.6 -12
Covid-19 hospitalization rate, 2020
 Q1c < 233.2 12.9 27.3 -8 8.7 -10 8.2 -12 9.2 -5 5.7 -11
 Q2 233.2–352.8 13.6 27.1 -8 8.7 -10 8.2 -12 9.2 -5 5.7 -11
 Q3 352.8–511.0 17.8 25.9 -8 9.5 -10 9.3 -12 9.8 -6 6.2 -11
 Q4 > 511.0 19.9 26.8 -7 10.3 -9 8.1 -12 9.3 -5 6.1 -11
  Gastroenterologist Rheumatologist Pediatrician Pulmonologist Psychiatrist Endocrinologist
  Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019 Consul 2020/2019
  % % % % % % % % % % % %
Total 3.9 -7 3.2 -10 3.6 -4 2.8 -4 2.4 -3 1.6 -4
Age (years)
 0–1 0.0 -37 0.0  + 2 45.6 -4 0.1 -45 0.1 -6 0.0 -15
 2–6 0.1 -32 0.0 -12 24.3 -6 0.7 -30 0.7 -15 0.0 -9
 7–17 0.4 -16 0.2 -16 7.3 -2 1.2 -12 1.3 -7 0.2 -9
 18–25 1.9 -4 0.6 -6 0.5 -2 1.1 1 2.0  + 3 1.0 -2
 26–50 3.8 -7 2.3 -9    2.0 1 3.3 -5 1.8 -3
 51–65 6.5 -8 5.5 -10    4.2 -3 3.5 -2 2.5 -4
 66–75 8.0 -6 7.4 -10    5.8 -2 1.8 -1 3.0 -3
 76–85 5.8 -9 7.6 -12    5.5 -6 1.2 -3 2.2 -4
  > 85 2.2 -8 3.6 -10    2.5 -6 0.7 -4 0.8 -3
Sex
 Male 3.7 -7 2.2 -10 3.7 -4 3.0 -4 1.9 -4 1.0 -2
 Female 4.2 -8 4.2 -10 3.5 -4 2.5 -3 2.8 -3 2.3 -4
Geographic deprivation index (quintile)
 Q1 (Post favored) 4.5 -7 3.8 -9 5.2 -3 2.6 -3 3.3 -5 2.1 -5
 Q2 4.1 -7 3.4 -10 3.8 -4 2.8 -3 2.5 -3 1.8 -3
 Q3 4.0 -7 3.3 -10 3.5 -4 2.9 -4 2.5 -3 1.7 -3
 Q4 3.6 -8 3.0 -11 2.8 -5 2.8 -4 1.9 -3 1.3 -4
 Q5 (Least favored) 3.4 -8 2.8 -12 2.8 -6 2.7 -4 1.6 -3 1.3 -3
Covid-19 hospitalization rate, 2020
 Q1c < 233.2 4.0 -7 3.0 -9 2.7 -3 2.7 -4 2.1 -3 1.4 -3
 Q2 233.2–352.8 4.0 -7 3.0 -9 2.7 -3 2.7 -4 2.1 -3 1.4 -3
 Q3 352.8–511.0 3.9 -7 3.5 -9 3.2 -3 3.0 -5 2.5 -5 1.8 -5
 Q4 > 511.0 3.9 -8 2.8 -12 3.4 -5 2.9 -3 2.0 -2 1.4 -3
  1. Consul: percentage of patients with at less one consultation in 2020
  2. 2020/2019: difference between the two years in the percentage of patients with at least one annual consultation
  3. aProportion of persons with at least one consultation in 2020
  4. bRatio
  5. cQuartile by area of residence, rate of hospitalization for COVID-19 per 100,000 people