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Table 4 Negative binomial regression for number of medical consultations, for “consultations” sample (n = 13,912)

From: Utilization of healthcare by immigrants in Canada: a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey

  Coefficient (Standard Error) t Incident Rate Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Predisposing factors
 Sex and Age
  Male, Age 18–39 years
  Male, Age 40–64 years −0.008 (0.083) −0.10 0.99 (0.84, 1.16) 0.921
  Male, Age 65–79 years −0.035 (0.076) −0.46 0.96 (0.83, 1.12) 0.642
  Male, Age ≥ 80 years 0.164 (0.110) 1.50 1.18 (0.95, 1.46) 0.135
  Female, Age 18–39 years 0.451 (0.081) 5.60 1.57 (1.34, 1.84) < 0.001
  Female, Age 40–64 years 0.081 (0.073) 1.11 1.08 (0.94, 1.25) 0.269
  Female, Age 65–79 years −0.055 (0.081) −0.68 0.95 (0.81, 1.11) 0.495
  Female, Age ≥ 80 years 0.002 (0.085) 0.02 1.00 (0.85, 1.18) 0.985
 Region of residencea
  Western Canada
  Central Canada −0.155 (0.037) −4.12 0.86 (0.80, 0.92) < 0.001
  Atlantic Canada and Northern Territories 0.128 (0.109) 1.19 1.14 (0.92, 1.41) 0.236
Enabling factors
 Has a regular health care provider     
  No  
  Yes 0.732 (0.088) 8.34 2.08 (1.75, 2.47) < 0.001
Need factors
 Self-perceived health     
  Poor
  Fair −0.396 (0.091) −4.38 0.67 (0.56, 0.80) < 0.001
  Good −0.724 (0.071) −10.24 0.48 (0.42, 0.56) < 0.001
  Very good −0.847 (0.074) −11.47 0.43 (0.37, 0.50) < 0.001
  Excellent −0.912 (0.082) −11.07 0.40 (0.34, 0.47) < 0.001
  1. aWestern Canada includes British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Central Canada includes Ontario and Quebec, Atlantic and North includes remaining provinces and territories