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Table 1 Characteristics of unsigned rural patients with chronic diseases in Shandong, China, 2018 (N = 769)

From: Willingness of patients with chronic disease in rural China to contract with family doctors: implication for targeting characteristics

Characteristics Frequency (%) Willingness to contract with FDsa P
No Yes
Observations 769(100.00) 410(53.32) 359(46.68)  
Gender     0.008
 Male 323(42.00) 154(47.68) 169(52.32)  
 Female 446(58.00) 256(57.40) 190(42.60)  
Age (years)     0.131
  < 65 419(54.49) 213(50.84) 206(49.16)  
  > =65 350(45.51) 197(56.29) 153(43.71)  
Education level     0.121
 Illiterate 275(35.76) 157(57.09) 118(43.00)  
 Primary school 254(33.03) 140(55.12) 114(44.88)  
 Junior middle school 182(23.67) 87(47.80) 95(52.20)  
 Senior high school or above 58(7.54) 26(44.83) 32(54.69)  
Employment status     0.452
 Unemployed 220(28.61) 122(55.45) 98(44.55)  
 Employed 549(71.39) 288(52.46) 261(47.54)  
Marital status     0.667
 Married 640(83.22) 339(52.97) 301(47.03)  
 Single/divorce/widow 129(16.78) 71(55.04) 63(44.96)  
Health insurance     0.549
 None 13(1.69) 8(64.29) 5(35.71)  
 Have 756(98.31) 402(53.55) 354(46.45)  
Household incomeb     0.857
 Q1 195(25.42) 100(51.28) 95(48.72)  
 Q2 189(24.64) 103(54.50) 86(45.50)  
 Q3 194(25.29) 101(52.06) 93(47.94)  
 Q4 189(24.64) 104(55.03) 85(44.97)  
Distance to the village clinic     0.147
 0–199 m 214(27.83) 128(59.81) 86(40.19)  
 200–399 m 219(28.48) 108(49.32) 111(50.68)  
 400–599 m 159(20.68) 82(51.57) 77(48.43)  
 More than 600 m 177(23.02) 92(51.98) 85(48.02)  
Awareness of FDCSc     0.006
 Never heard of it 596(77.50) 336(53.84) 260(46.16)  
 Know little about it 147(19.12) 64 (43.54) 83(56.46)  
 Know it well 26(3.38) 10(38.46) 16(61.54)  
Publicity of FDCS     <0.001
 No 650(84.53) 365(56.15) 285(43.85)  
 Yes 119(15.47) 45(37.82) 74(62.18)  
Self-rated health status     0.432
 Good 209(27.18) 106(50.72) 103(49.28)  
 Fair 305(39.66) 160(52.46) 145(47.54)  
 Bad 255(33.16) 144(56.47) 111(43.53)  
The number of chronic diseases 0.593
 1 530(72.14) 286(53.96) 244(46.04)  
  > =2 239(27.86) 124(51.88) 115(48.12)  
Referrals to specialists <0.001
 No 458(59.56) 303(66.16) 155(33.84)  
 Yes 311(40.44) 107(34.41) 204(65.59)  
Chronic disease management programs <0.001
 No 446(58.00) 314(70.40) 132(29.60)  
 Yes 323(42.00) 96(29.72) 227(70.28)  
Higher MI reimbursement ratesd <0.001
 No 491(57.23) 341(69.45) 150(30.55)  
 Yes 367(42.77) 120(32.70) 247(63.70)  
  1. Note: a FDs indicates family doctors; b Quartile 1 (Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4 (Q4) is the richest; c FDCS indicates family doctor contract service; d MI indicates medical insurance