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Table 3 Illness perception: high vs. normal utilisers

From: Illness perception and health care use in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome: results from an online survey

Subscale/Dimension high utilisers normal utilisers  
  n Median n Median U Z p r
Time course 173 22.00 311 21.00 23,806.50 -1.731 0.084 0.08
Consequences 168 20.00 308 18.00 15,947.50 -6.945  < 0.001 0.32
Personal control 175 11.00 312 12.00 22,647.50 -3.134 0.002 0.14
Cure control 174 9.00 307 10.00 22,797.50 -2.682 0.007 0.12
Coherence 174 12.00 303 12.00 25,125.50 -0.855 0.393 0.04
Cyclic occurrence 173 14.00 311 14.00 26,568.50 -0.228 0.82 0.01
Emotional representation 171 20.00 310 18.00 18,157.00 -5.737  < 0.001 0.26
  1. In the illness perception questionnaire revised, the term “irritable bowel syndrome” was used instead of “illness” in the original questionnaire. r ≥ 0.1 and < 0.3 small effect size, r ≥ 0.3 and < 0.5 moderate effect size, r ≥ 0.5 large effect size [32, 33]