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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of T2DM patients included in the study

From: Therapeutic inertia in proteinuria management among type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients in primary care settings: prevalence and associated risk factors

Patient characteristics Total number (n = 385)
Sex
 Male 190 (49.4%)
 Female 195 (50.6%)
Age (years) 70.03 ± 12.58
BMI (kg/m2) 25.95 ± 4.75
Smoking
 Non-smoker 274 (71.2%)
 Ex-smoker 72 (18.7%)
 Smoker 39 (10.1%)
Duration of DM (years) 9.76 ± 8.05
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 6.87 ± 1.17
eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) 70.45 ± 24.36
Blood Pressure
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 131.9 ± 17.0
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 71.4 ± 11.7
urine ACR level (mg/mmol) 35.9 ± 84.0
Co-morbidities:
 HT 360 (93.5%)
CVD (IHD or CVA or PVD)
 IHD 20(5.2%)
 CVA 43 (11.2%)
 PVD 1 (0.3%)
Lipid Profile
 TG (mmol/L) 1.52 ± 1.1
 TC (mmol/L) 4.28 ± 0.91
 HDL (mmol/L) 1.32 ± 0.38
 LDL (mmol/L) 2.27 ± 0.75
Current use of ACEI/ARB
 ACEI 194 (50.4%)
 ARB 62 (16.1%)
  1. Data are shown as mean ± standard deviation or No. (%) of cases
  2. Abbreviations: BMI  Body mass index, DM Diabetes mellitus, eGFR Estimated glomerular filtration rate, BP Blood pressure, ACR Albumin over creatinine ratio, HT Hypertension, CVD Cardiovascular disease, IHD Ischaemic heart disease, CVA Cerebrovascular, PVD Peripheral vascular disease, TG Triglyceride, TC  Total cholesterol, HDL High-density lipoprotein, LDL  Low-density lipoprotein, ACEI Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ARB Angiotensin receptor blocker