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Table 5 Factors associated with expectations and beliefs regarding management of low back pain, including only the subgroup of patients endorsing LBP in the last 12 months, weights are included

From: Concordance of patient beliefs and expectations regarding the management of low back pain with guideline recommendations – a cross-sectional study in Germany

  No further examinations
(n = 538/712)
Imaging in acute LBP
(n = 561/712)
Prescription for massages
(n = 618/712)
Injection therapy
(n = 583/712)
Referral for physiotherapy in acute LBP
(n = 591/712)
Continue everyday activity
(n = 601/712)
There is no effective treatment for LBP
(n = 437/712)
Independent variable OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Gender
 Male 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Female 1.19 (1.02, 1.39) 0.90 (0.79, 1.01) 1.74 (1.53, 1.98) 1.08 (0.95, 1.22) 1. 40 (1.23, 1.59) 2.15 (1.89, 2.45) 1.03 (0.85, 1.23)
Age in years (continuously) 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 1.01 (1.00, 1.02) 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 1.03 (1.03, 1.04) 1.01 (1.01, 1.02)
Educational level
 < 10 years of school 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 10 years 0.81 (0.65, 0.99) 0.82 (0.69, 0.96) 1.06 (0.89, 1.28) 0.56 (0.48 0.66) 1.20 (1.02, 1.42) 0.85 (0.71, 1.01) 0.55 (0.45, 0.68)
 > 10 years 1.22 (0.96, 1.56) 0.55 (0.47, 0.66) 0.74 (0.60, 0.90) 0.22 (0.19, 0.27) 1.11 (0.92, 1.33) 1.34 (1.09, 1.64) 0.36 (0.28, 0.47)
Self-assessed health status
 Excellent/very good 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Good 0.82 (0.65, 1.03) 1.77 (1.51, 2.07) 1.56 (1.33, 1.84) 0.97 (0.84, 1.14) 1.98 (1.70, 2.31) 0.63 (0.53, 0.75) 1.22 (0.94, 1.58)
 Poor 0.66 (0.51, 0.85) 2.49 (2.07, 2.99) 2.15 (1.75, 2.63) 0.90 (0.75, 1.09) 1.78(1.48, 2.15) 0.44 (0.36, 0.54) 3.21 (2.42, 4.26)
Low back pain on a 10-point scale in the last year
 Mild (0–5) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Moderate (6, 7) 0.73 (0.62, 0.86) 1.07 (0.94, 1.22) 0.87 (0.75, 1.00) 1.23 (1.08, 1.41) 0.90 (0.78, 1.04) 0.84 (0.73, 0.97) 0.65 (0.53, 0.80)
 Severe (8–10) 0.40 (0.33, 0.49) 1.02 (0.86, 1.22) 1.08 (0.88, 1.32) 0.84 (0.71, 1.00) 0.85 (0.71, 1.03) 0.56 (0.47 0.68) 1.28 (1.02, 1.62)
analgesics for low back pain in the last 12 months
 No 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Yes 0.65 (0.55, 0.76 0.85 (0.76, 0.96) 0.74 (0.65, 0.85) 1.37 (1.22, 1.54) 1.25 (1.11, 1.41 1.33 (1.16, 1.51) 0.96 (0.81, 1.15)
Prior imaging for LBP   
 Yes 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)      
 No 2. 41 (2.08, 2.79) 0.63 (0.55, 0.71)      
Prior injection therapy   
 No     1 (Reference)    
 Yes     2.19 (1.96, 2.45)    
  1. OR Odds ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence interval, LBP Low back pain, bold numbers are statistically significant