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Table 1 Completion of the intervention components among the quality improvement (QI) intervention clinics’ staff

From: Increasing system-wide implementation of opioid prescribing guidelines in primary care: findings from a non-randomized stepped-wedge quality improvement project

Position Completed ≥1 intervention component Completed ≥50% of the intervention componentsa Completed Academic Detailing Completed Online Opioid Module Completed Online Shared Decision Making Module Completed ≥1 Practice Facilitation Session Completed ≥4 Practice Facilitation Sessions
WAVE 1 INTERVENTION CLINICS
Clinic 1: Internal Medicine (urban, residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 7 5 6 4 3 6 2
 NP, PA, # 3 0 1 1 0 3 1
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 17 9 1 10 4 16 10
 Other staff, # 7 1 0 1 0 1 1
Total, # 34 15 8 16 7 26 14
Clinic 2: Internal Medicine (urban, non-residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 8 5 7 5 4 1 1
NP, PA, # 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 24 14 23 11 9 6 6
 Other staff, # 8 2 4 2 2 2 2
Total, # 40 21 34 18 15 9 9
Clinic 3: Family Medicine (rural; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 8 3 6 3 3 5 2
 NP, PA, # 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 9 8 8 2 2 8 8
 Other staff, # 4 1 3 0 0 5 2
Total, # 22 13 18 6 6 19 13
WAVE 2 INTERVENTION CLINICS
Clinic 4: Family Medicine (urban; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 4 3 3 2 1 4 3
 NP, PA, # 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 6 3 3 4 4 5 5
 Other staff, # 3 2 3 1 1 3 2
Total, # 14 9 9 7 6 13 10
Clinic 5: Family Medicine (urban; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 11 5 9 4 2 4 4
 NP, PA, # 4 1 3 0 0 2 1
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 11 3 10 3 3 3 2
 Other staff, # 8 0 0 0 0 5 4
Total, # 34 9 22 7 5 14 11
Clinic 6: Internal Medicine (urban; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 7 1 7 0 0 6 2
 NP, PA, # 3 1 3 1 0 3 1
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 14 5 12 2 1 14 5
 Other staff, # 3 0 0 0 0 2 0
Total, # 27 7 22 3 1 25 8
WAVE 3 INTERVENTION CLINICS
Clinic 7: Family Medicine (suburban; non-residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 3 3 2 1 1 3 3
 NP, PA, # 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 7 5 6 2 2 6 5
 Other staff, # 2 0 0 0 0 2 1
Total, # 13 9 9 4 4 12 9
Clinic 8: Internal Medicine (urban; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 4 1 3 1 1 2 1
 NP, PA, # 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 6 4 5 0 0 6 4
 Other staff, # 3 3 2 1 0 3 3
Total, # 15 10 12 3 2 12 9
Clinic 9: Internal Medicine (urban; residency clinic)
 MD, DO, # 4 4 4 2 1 4 3
 NP, PA, # 2 1 2 0 1 1 0
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 10 7 9 1 2 8 7
 Other staff, # 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total, # 16 12 15 3 4 13 10
ALL INTERVENTION CLINICS
 MD, DO, # 56 30 47 22 16 34 22
 NP, PA, # 17 7 13 5 4 12 6
 RN, MA, CMA, LPN, # 104 58 77 35 27 68 53
 Other staff, # 38 9 12 5 3 23 15
Total, # 215 104 149 67 50 137 96
  1. a50% completion applies to clinicians/staff who completed two of the four intervention components: Academic Detailing, Online Opioid Module, Online Shared Decision Making Module, Practice Facilitation (4 of 6 sessions)
  2. CMA Certified Medical Assistant, DO Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, MA Medical Assistant, MD Doctor of Medicine, PA Physician Assistant, NP Nurse Practitioner, RN Registered Nurse