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Table 4 Participants demographic and clinical characteristics of the study sample at baseline (n = 161)

From: Integrated GP care for patients with persistent physical symptoms: feasibility cluster randomised trial

   Intervention
n = 89
Control
n = 72
Overall
n = 161
Age Mean (SD) 48.4 (11.7) 44.2 (11.0) 46.5 (11.6)
Sex Female (%) 70 (78.7) 60 (83.3) 130 (80.7)
Ethnicity White (%) 46 (51.7) 37 (51.4) 83 (51.6)
First Language English (%) 71 (79.8) 56 (77.8) 127 (78.9)
Relationship status With Partner (%) 37 (41.6) 34 (47.2) 71 (44.1)
Cohabitation status Alone (%) 22 (24.7) 11 (15.3) 33 (20.5)
Children Yes (%) 52 (58.4) 40 (55.6) 92 (57.1)
Dependent elderly relatives Yes (%) 14 (15.7) 11 (15.3) 25 (15.5)
Accommodation status (%) Owner occupied flat / house 31 (34.8) 15 (20.8) 46 (28.6)
Privately rented flat / house 26 (29.2) 23 (31.9) 49 (30.4)
Flat / house rented from local authority 23 (25.8) 27 (37.5) 50 (31.1)
Other 8 (9.0) 7 (9.7) 15 (9.3)
Missing 1 (1.1) 0 1 (0.6)
Highest level of education (%) No GCSE or equivalent 6 (6.7) 5 (6.9) 11 (6.8)
GCSE / O level or equivalent 23 (25.8) 19 (26.4) 42 (26.1)
A level or equivalent 13 (14.6) 11 (15.3) 24 (14.9)
Degree 21 (23.6) 19 (26.4) 40 (24.8)
Postgraduate 16 (18.0) 7 (9.7) 23 (14.3)
Other 9 (10.1) 10 (13.9) 19 (11.8)
Missing 1 (1.1) 1 (1.4) 2 (1.2)
Previous receipt of CBT Yes (%) 19 (21.3) 17 (23.6) 36 (22.4)
Previous receipt of physiotherapy Yes (%) 63 (70.8) 56 (77.8) 119 (73.9)
Previous receipt of other therapy Yes (%) 31 (34.8) 28 (38.9) 59 (36.6)
PPS Subtypea n (%) Overall Pain 26 (21.0) 24 (20.3) 50 (20.7)
Fibromyalgia 5 (4.0) 11 (9.3) 16 (6.6)
IBS 20 (16.1) 15 (12.7) 35 (14.5)
Dizziness 5 (4.0) 8 (6.8) 13 (5.4)
Back Pain 29 (23.4) 20 (16.9) 49 (20.2)
Fatigue 23 (18.7) 15 (12.7) 38 (15.8)
Headache 10 (8.1) 19 (16.1) 29 (12.0)
Non-Cardiac Chest Pain 1 (0.8) 1 (0.8) 2 (0.8)
Limb Weakness 3 (2.4) 3 (2.5) 6 (2.5)
Shortness of Breath 2 (1.6) 1 (0.8) 3 (1.2)
POTS 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.4)
WSAS N 87 72 161
Mean (SD) [range] 19.7 (10.8)
[0.0, 40.0]
19.0 (11.3)
[0.0, 40.0]
19.4 (11.0)
[0.0, 40.0]
PHQ 15 N 86 71 157
Mean (SD) [range] 13.2 (5.5)
[3.0, 26.8]
14.1 (6.4)
[3.0, 27.9]
13.6 (5.9)
[3.0, 27.9]
PHQ 9 N 88 72 160
Mean (SD) [range] 9.9 (6.4)
[0.0, 25.0]
9.8 (6.8)
[0.0, 26.0]
9.8 (6.5)
[0.0, 26.0]
Below cut off n (%) 18 (20.5) 21 (29.2) 39 (24.4)
Mild n (%) 32 (36.4) 13 (18.1) 45 (28.1)
Moderate n (%) 17 (19.3) 23 (31.9) 40 (25.0)
Moderately severe n (%) 13 (14.8) 8 (11.1) 21 (13.1)
Severe n (%) 8 (9.1) 7 (9.7) 15 (9.4)
CBRQ
Catastrophising N 89 71 160
Mean (SD) [range] 9.9 (3.4)
[0.0, 16.0]
9.5 (3.4)
[1.0, 16.0]
9.7 (3.4)
[0.0, 16.0]
Fear avoidance N 89 71 160
Mean (SD) [range] 10.7 (4.4)
[1.0, 24.0]
11.1 (4.8)
[0.0, 20.0]
10.9 (4.5)
[0.0, 24.0]
Embarrassment avoidance N 89 70 159
Mean (SD) [range] 10.9 (6.4)
[0.0, 24.0]
10.1 (7.0)
[0.0, 24.0]
10.5 (6.6)
[0.0, 24.0]
Damage N 88 69 157
Mean (SD) [range] 11.1 (2.4)
[6.0, 18.0]
11.3 (3.3)
[4.0, 18.0]
11.2 (2.8)
[4.0, 18.0]
Symptoms N 89 70 159
Mean (SD) [range] 14.7 (5.0)
[3.0, 28.0]
14.9 (6.0)
[0.0, 28.0]
14.8 (5.5)
[0.0, 28.0]
  1. aParticipants may have reported more than one PPS. IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome WSAS Work and Social Adjustment Scale, PHQ-15 Patient Health Questionnaire 15, PHQ 9 Patient Health Questionnaire 9, CBRQ Cognitive Behavioural Responses Questionnaire