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Table 1 Demographic Characteristics of the participants (N = 297)

From: How does multimorbidity affect middle-aged adults? A cross-sectional survey in the Singapore primary healthcare setting

  N (%)
Age (years)
 < 50 38 12.8
 50–54 54 18.2
 55–59 98 33.0
 60–64 107 36.0
 Mean (± SD) 56.6 (± 5.8)
 Median (IQR) 58.0 (53.0–61.0)
Sex
 Male 155 52.2
 Female 142 47.8
Ethnicity
 Chinese 242 81.5
 Non-Chinese 55 18.5
Main Spoken Language
 English 92 31.0
 Mandarin 148 49.8
 Malay/Tamil/Others 57 19.2
Marital Status
 Married 232 78.1
 Othersa 65 21.9
Education
 Primary/No formal 89 30.0
 Secondary 131 44.1
 Post-Secondary 77 25.9
Employed Or Not Employed
 Employed 208 70.0
 Unemployed/Retired 89 30.0
Monthly Household Income
 < $2000 60 20.2
 $2000–$3999 78 26.3
 $4000–$5999 54 18.2
 ≥ $6000 46 15.5
 Not disclosed 59 19.9
Dwelling
 Institution/HDB 1–3 room 73 24.6
 HDB 4 room 124 41.8
 Other dwellingsb 100 33.7
Home Ownership
 Owner-occupied 266 89.6
 Not owner-occupied 31 10.4
Living Arrangement
 Living alone 20 6.7
 Living with others 277 93.3
  1. aOther marital status: single, widowed, divorced, and separated
  2. b Other dwellings: HDB 5-room or executive apartment, Housing and Urban Development Company apartment, HDB executive condominium, private condominium, and landed properties
  3. HDB Housing and Development Board