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Table 4 Patient self-reported prevalence of health assessments performed by their GP in the last 12 months and engagement in lifestyle changes, stratified according to the presence of self-reported clinical condition. Individuals ≥35 years, South Australia, 2017 (N = 2384)

From: Patient-reported GP health assessments rather than individual cardiovascular risk burden are associated with the engagement in lifestyle changes: population-based survey in South Australia

  Prevalence of clinical condition1 
Cardiometabolic risk factora
Cardiovascular diseaseb
Lifestyle change
 Increasing fruit and vegetable intake33.632.434.335.90.361
 Increasing physical activity level40.940.640.345.60.353†
 Reducing alcohol consumptionc31.128.332.934.60.070
 Tried to quit smokingd34.
Assessments performed by the GPe
 Measured weight and/or waist46.935.851.364.7< 0.001
 Checked blood pressure87.981.892.695.5< 0.001
 Tested glycaemia62.450.968.774.6< 0.001
 Tested lipid levels66.354.472.979.7< 0.001
 Assessed diet29.517.035.446.6< 0.001
 Assessed physical activity32.823.536.745.7< 0.001
 Assessed smoking status18.518.517.125.80.017†
 Assessed alcohol intake20.418.620.825.60.070
 Assessed mental health status27.925.928.036.00.025
 Assessed sleeping problems/snoring23.020.123.629.50.011
 No. of assessments – Median [IQR]24[2–6]3.2[1.7–4.8]4.3[2.8–6.1]5.0[3.3–6.7]< 0.001
  1. * Test for trend; † Test for heterogeneity; IQR interquartile range
  2. 1 Results adjusted for sociodemographic variables (sex, age, area of residence, marital status, education level, dwelling, socioeconomic position, working status), lifestyle variables (portions of fruit/vegetable per day, days of physical activity, doses of alcohol/day, and cigarettes smoked/day), mental health, number of visits to the GP, hospitalisations, and visits to the emergency room. Maximum likelihood estimates (pseudolikelihood log) values for the full models: increasing fruit and vegetable intake = − 1220.6; increasing physical activity level = − 1271.6; reducing alcohol consumption = − 946.0; tried to quit smoking = −203.6
  3. 2 Unadjusted results
  4. a Including individuals with body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, hypertension, diabetes and/or dyslipidaemia, but without cardiovascular diseases
  5. b Including heart attack, angina, heart failure, and/or stroke (with or without metabolic risk factors)
  6. c Analyses restricted to individuals that consumed alcohol in the last 12 months (n = 1881)
  7. d Analyses restricted to individuals that smoked in the last 12 months (n = 409)
  8. e Analyses restricted to the 2267 individuals that visited the GP in the last 12 months (93.7% of the sample)