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Table 6 Risk enhancing factors [7]

From: Design of the ZWOT-CASE study: an observational study on the effectiveness of an integrated programme for cardiovascular risk management compared to usual care in general practice

  Not risk enhancing Mildly risk enhancing Strongly risk enhancing*
First-degree relative with CVD No 1 family member < 65 years > 2 family members with CVD <  65 years or 1 < 60 years
Physical activity ≥ 30 min/d, ≥ 5 d/wk <  30 min/d, ≤ 5 d/wk Sedentary
Body mass index BMI < 30 kg/m2 BMI 30–35 kg/m2 BMI > 35 kg/m2
eGFR <  65 years: >  60 ml/ min/1,73 m2 < 65 years: 30–60 ml/ min/1,73 m2 All ages: <  30 ml/ min/1,73 m2
≥ 65 years: >  45 ml/ min/1,73 m2 ≥ 65 years: 30–45 ml/ min/1,73 m2
  1. CVD = Cardiovascular disease; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; d = day or days; wk. = week. *In patients with rheumatoid arthritis a high disease activity is a strongly risk enhancing factor