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Table 1 Characteristics of depressed patients by address classification

From: Impact of rural address and distance from clinic on depression outcomes within a primary care medical home practice

  Urban Area Urban Cluster Rural p-value
N (%) 2088 (54.0%) 885 (22.9%) 897 (23.1%)
Age, mean (SD), yrs 43.2 (16.8) 41.6 (15.4) 44.2 (16.4) 0.003
Gender, % Female 72.8% 74.4% 70.9% 0.260
Race, % White 90.2% 96.6% 97.8% < 0.001
Married, % 43.4% 46.4% 56.1% < 0.001
Recurrent Depression, % 44.5% 40.5% 42.5% 0.115
Initial PHQ-9, mean (SD) 15.5 (4.1) 15.2 (4.1) 15.3 (4.2) 0.294
GAD-7, mean (SD) 11.6 (5.3) 11.7 (5.4) 11.2 (5.5) 0.190
MDQ positive 12.3% 14.4% 13.4% 0.279
Smoker 13.8% 22.3% 13.3% < 0.001
Care Management, % 80.0% 78.3% 79.9% 0.560
Clinic     < 0.001
 A 63.7% 16.3% 20.0%  
 B 15.9% 55.0% 29.2%  
 C 62.5% 14.1% 23.4%  
 D 55.0% 22.5% 22.6%  
 E 60.4% 13.9% 25.6%  
Distance from Clinic, mean (SD), km 14.7 (17.4) 28.9 (16.6) 32.6 (18.5) < 0.001
Remission @ 6mo, % 45.5% 43.1% 48.8% 0.048
PDS @ 6mo, % 29.0% 32.4% 25.8% 0.008
  1. Address Classification based upon 2010 United States Census Legal Statistical Area Description
  2. p-values < 0.05 considered significant