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Table 3 Associations between patients’ characteristics and values

From: Communication, continuity and coordination of care are the most important patients' values for family medicine in a fee-for-services health system

Socio-demographic OR [95% CI] Univariate analysis OR [95% CI] Multivariate analysis OR [95% CI] Univariate analysis OR [95% CI] Multivariate analysis
  “I understand clearly what GP explains” (Communication) GP treats me as a person and not as a medical problem” (Patient-centeredness care)
Gender
 Male « ref. » 1 1 1 1
 Female 2,39 [1.28–4.47] 2.6*** [1.32–5.11] 2.27 [1.25–4.12] 2.75 *** [1.42–5.32]
Age
 < 46 « ref. » 1   1 1
 47–64 0.92 [0.41–2.0]   2.32[1.10–4.87] 1.93 [0.86–4.35]
 > 65 0.5 [0.23–1.08]   1.08[0.53–2.21] 0.73 [0.31–1.70]
Perceived Health
 Poor and Fair « ref. » 1   1  
 Good and very good 1.25 [0.66–2.34]   1.41[0.77–2.60]  
Longstanding disease
 Without « ref. » 1   1 1
 With disease 0.83 [0.44–1.54]   1.66 [0.90–3.08] 2.21** [1.05–4.65]
Country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 1.08 [0.44–2.63]   0.96[0.41–2.23]  
Mother’s country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 1.5 [0.75–3.02]   0.88 [0.46–1.66]  
Family
 Alone « ref. » 1   1  
 With an adult, without children 1.69 [0.85–3.38]   1.31 [0.67–2.58]  
 With a child 1.41 [0.60–3.31]   0.93[0.41–2.11]  
Level of education
 No qualifications « ref. » 1   1  
 Post secondary 1.49 [0.74–3.02]   1.71[0.67–4.36]  
 Upper secondary    0.86[0.44–1.70]  
Language
 Poor level « ref. » 1   1 1
 Fluently 1.09 [0.42–2.84]   2.07 [0.83–5.16] 2.84* [0.95–8.46]
Income
 below average « ref. » 1   1  
 around 1.65 [0.65–4.15]   .074 [0.28–1.94]  
 above 2.27 [0.69–7.55]   0.93 [0.29–3.02]  
Employment status
 Worker « ref. » 1 1 1  
 Retired 0.41 [0.21–0.81] 0.36*** [0.17–0.73] 0.78 [0.41–1.5]  
 other 1.25 [0.5–3.12] 0.77 [0.29–2.06] 1.43 [0.63–3.25]  
 GP knows when to refer me to a medical specialist” (Coordination of care) « GP knows information about my medical background » (Continuity of care)
Gender
 Male « ref. » 1 1 1 1
 Female 1.72 [0.96–3.09] 1.93** [1.01–3.68] 1.72 [0.96–3.09] 1.91** [1.03–3.56]
Age
 < 46 « ref. » 1 1 1  
 47–64 1.65 [0.81–3.38] 3.13*** [1.41–6.92] 1.65 [0.81–3.38]  
 > 65 1.27 [0.62–2.59] 1.79 [0.83–3.87] 1.27 [0.62–2.59]  
Perceived Health
 Poor and Fair « ref. » 1   1  
 Good and very good 1.32 [0.72–2.41]   1.32 [0.72–2.41]  
Longstanding disease
 Without « ref. » 1   1 1
 With disease 1.55 [0.84–2.84]   1.55 [0.84–2.84] 1.92* [0.99–3.72]
Country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 0.96 [0.41–2.23]   0.96 [0.41–2.23]  
Mother’s country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 0.97 [0.51–1.84]   0.97 [0.51–1.84]  
Family
 Alone « ref. » 1   1  
 FamilyWith an adult, without children 0.66[0.33–1.31]   0.66[0.34–1.31]  
 FamilyWith a child 0.74 [0.32–1.70]   0.74 [0.32–1.70]  
Level of education
 No qualifications « ref. » 1   1  
 Post secondary 0.57 [0.29–1.14]   1.57 [0.59–4.14]  
 Upper secondary 1.57 [0.59–4.14]   0.57 [0.29–1.14]  
Language
 Poor level « ref. » 1   1 1
 Fluently 1.92 [0.78–4.68]   1.92 [0.78–4.68] 2.40* [0.92–6.25]
Income
 below average « ref. » 1   1  
 around 0.89 [0.35–2.25]   0.89 [0.35–2.25]  
 above 1.88 [0.31–0.56]   1.88 [0.56–6.31]  
Employment status
 Worker « ref. » 1   1  
 Retired 0.91 [0.48–1.73]   0.91 [0.48–1.73]  
 other 2.19 [0.93–5.15]   2.19 [0.93–5.15]  
  « I adhere to the agreed treatment plan (Patient’s activation) “I can get an appointment easily at this practice” (Patient’s access)
Gender
Gender
 Male « ref. » 1 1 1  
 Female 2.67 |1.5–4.77] 2.6*** [1.43–4.71] 1.49 [0.83–2.65]  
Age
 < 46 « ref. » 1   1  
 47–64 1.49 [0.75–2.97]   0.86 [0.43–1.73]  
 > 65 1.26 [0.62–2.56]   0.96 [0.47–1.96]  
Perceived Health
 Poor and Fair « ref. » 1   1  
 Good and very good 1.18 [0.66–2.11]   1.53 [0.85–2.74]  
Longstanding disease
 Without « ref. » 1   1  
 With disease 1.04 [0.58–1.85]   1.11 [0.62–2]  
Country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 0.76 [0.33–1.73]   1.36 [0.59–3.09]  
Mother’s country of birth
 In this country « ref. » 1   1  
 Abroad 0.87 [0.47–1.61]   1.27 [0.68–2.37]  
Family
 Alone « ref. » 1   1  
 With an adult, without children 1.53 [0.8–2.93]   1.45 [0.74–2.81]  
 With a child 0.66 [0.29–1.49]   1.19 [0.52–2.74]  
Level of education
 No qualifications « ref. » 1   1  
 Post secondary 1.71 [0.72–4.04]   0.63 [0.27–1.49]  
 Upper secondary 0.84 [0.44–1.62]   0.67 [0.34–1.3]  
Language
 Poor level « ref. » 1   1  
 Fluently 3.44 [1.2–9.89]   0.63 [0.26–1.54]  
Income     
 below average « ref. » 1   1  
 around 1.23 [0.50–3.04]   1.22 [0.48–3.10]  
 above 1.2 [0.4–3.62]   0.875 [0.28–2.77]  
Employment status
 Worker « ref. » 1   1  
 Retired 0.96 [0.51–1.82]   1.09 [0.57–2.09]  
 other 1.38 [0.65–2.39]   1.2 [0.56–2.55]  
  1. Multivariate model adjusted on linguistic area
  2. *0.05<p<0.01 **0.01=<p<0.001 ***p<=0.001