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Table 3 Comparison of time requirements of home visits by regional distribution

From: The workload for home visits by German family practitioners: an analysis of regional variation in a cross-sectional study

Home vists Regions  
All Rural
<  5000
Semi-rural
5000 – 10,000
Semi-urban
10,000 – 50,000
Urban
>  50,000
P-value
TREND a
N 3673 1119 643 1123 788  
Frequency per week       < 0.001
Mean (± SD) 14.5 (± 11.3) 16.5*** (± 10.4) 14.6* (± 8.6) 14.4* (± 9.7) 12.5 (± 15.1)  
95% CI 13.1–15.9 13.9–19 12–17.2 12.2–16.6 8.7–16.3  
Min – Max 0–97 1–55 2–51 0–62 0–97  
Treatment time in min.b       < 0.001
Mean (± SD) 14.8 (± 9.3) 15*** (± 8.8) 16.2*** (± 9.9) 15.1*** (± 9.9) 12.8 (± 7.6)  
95% CI 14.5–15.1 14.5–15.5 15.4–17 14.5–15.6 12.2–13.3  
Min – Max 1–110 2–60 2–88 2–78 1–110  
Travel time in min.       < 0.001
Mean (± SD) 13 (± 14.3) 14.9*** (± 18.2) 12.4** (± 11.2) 12.6* (± 12.8) 11.4 (± 11.7)  
95% CI 12.5–13.5 13.8–15.9 11.6–13.3 11.9–13.4 10.6–12.2  
Min – Max 0–200 0–200 0–80 0–170 0–70  
Total duration in min.       < 0.001
Mean (± SD) 27.8 (± 18.9) 29.9*** (± 21.8) 28.6*** (± 16.6) 27.7*** (± 18.1) 24.2 (± 16.5)  
95% CI 27.2–28.4 28.6–31.2 27.4–30 26.6–28.8 23–25.3  
Min – Max 2–240 2–240 2–110 2–232 3–126  
Weekly workload 6.7 h 8.2*** h 7* h 6.6 h 5 h < 0.001
Ratio 1 (reference) 1.22 1.04 0.99 0.75  
Share of treatment time 53.2% 50.2% 56.6% 54.5% 52.9%  
Share of travel time 46.8% 49.8% 43.4% 45.5% 47.1%  
  1. Note: Pairwise regional comparisons with the urban region (> 50,000) were depicted with: *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05
  2. aComparisons between all regions with the Jonckheere-Terpstra test
  3. bOther pairwise comparisons revealed statistically significant differences in treatment time between the rural and semi-rural region
  4. (p < 0.05), and between the semi-rural region and semi-urban region (p < 0.05)