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Table 2 Results of the trivariate and multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses predicting recognition of anxiety and depression

From: Factors contributing to the recognition of anxiety and depression in general practice

Independent variables (predictors) Trivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
OR 95% CI P   OR 95% CI P
Condition (intervention/control) 1.50 0.94–2.39 0.087 3.08 1.47–6.46 0.003
Age 0.98 0.96–1.00 0.060    
 ConditionaAge 1.00 0.97–1.03 0.989     
Married or living together (ref. not married or living together) 1.40 0.77–2.52 0.268 1.25 0.67–2.35 0.478
 ConditionaMarried or living together 0.33 0.14–0.79 0.013 0.39 0.16–0.95 0.039
Number of chronic medical conditionsa 0.94 0.83–1.08 0.389     
 ConditionaNumber of chronic medical conditions 1.03 0.85–1.25 0.784     
4DSQb
 Distress 1.03 0.99–1.07 0.098 1.03 1.00–1.07 0.024
  ConditionaDistress 1.04 0.99–1.10 0.153    
 Depression 1.04 0.95–1.15 0.393     
  ConditionaDepression 1.03 0.89–1.16 0.666     
 Anxiety 1.02 0.94–1.10 0.615     
   ConditionaAnxiety 1.04 0.93–1.15 0.512     
 Somatization 1.01 0.96–1.06 0.736     
  ConditionaSomatization 1.04 0.97–1.11 0.301     
Need for care (ref. no need for care) 2.77 1.56–4.91 0.001 2.54 1.60–4.03 0.000
 ConditionaNeed for care 1.18 0.49–2.85 0.719     
DAQc
 Treatment Attitudes 1.02 0.97–1.06 0.508     
  ConditionaTreatment Attitudes 0.96 0.88–1.04 0.294     
 Professional Unease 0.98 0.94–1.02 0.322    
  ConditionaProfessional Unease 1.05 0.99–1.11 0.137    
 Depression Malleability 0.98 0.95–1.00 0.084    
  ConditionaDepression Malleability 1.03 0.99–1.07 0.150    
 Depression identification 0.96 0.94–0.99 0.003 0.97 0.95–0.99 0.018
  ConditionaDepression identification 1.04 0.99–1.10 0.089    
REASONd
 Comfort and competence with mental health care 0.52 0.27–1.03 0.060    
  ConditionaComfort and competence with mental health care 2.52 0.90–7.07 0.079    
 Concerns about difficulties with the health care system 1.26 0.85–1.88 0.253    
  ConditionaConcerns about difficulties with the health care system 0.67 0.38–1.18 0.170    
Functional statuse 1.00 0.98–1.02 0.662    
 ConditionaFunctional status 1.03 1.00–1.05 0.055    
  1. Reference category: No recognition; OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; P = p-value, ‡ variables entered in the multivariate model
  2. aInteraction term
  3. b4DSQ Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire
  4. cDAQ Depression Attitude Questionnaire
  5. dREASON questionnaire: GPs’ attitudes to their role in the management of anxiety and depressive disorders
  6. eFunctional status was measured with the WHODAS-II World Health Organisation’s Disability Assessment Scale II