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Table 1 The initial version of the Evidence-Based Medicine Questionnaire (version 3)

From: Development and validation of the Evidence Based Medicine Questionnaire (EBMQ) to assess doctors’ knowledge, practice and barriers regarding the implementation of evidence-based medicine in primary care

Section Description No. of items Domain Type of data Response options Response combined for analysis
A Demographic profile 6 NA Nominal scale   
B Frequencies in looking for medical information 20 NA Nominal scale   
C Knowledge regarding evidence-based medicine 17 Knowledge regarding information sources 4-point Likert scalea 1 = Unaware
2 = Aware but not used in clinical decision making
3 = Have read it but not used in clinical decision making
4 = Read and used in clinical decision making
 
16 Knowledge regarding terms related to EBM 5-point Likert scalea 1 = Never heard this term before
2 = Heard of this term but do not understand what this term but would like to
3 = Do not understand this term but would like to
4 = Have some understanding of this term
5 = Understand this term well and able to explain what it means to others
1 = Never heard and do not understand
2 = Do not understand but would like to
3 = Understand
D Practice of evidence-based medicine 9 Practice 5-point Likert scalea 1 = Strongly disagree
2 = Disagree
3 = Neither agree nor disagree
4 = Agree
5 = Strongly agree
1 = Disagree
2 = Neutral
3 = Agree
E Barriers in practicing evidence-based medicine 13 Barriers 5-point Likert scalea 1 = Strongly disagree
2 = Disagree
3 = Neither agree nor disagree
4 = Agree
5 = Strongly agree
1 = Disagree
2 = Neutral
3 = Agree
F Needs for evidence-based medicine 3 Needs Nominal scale   
Total 80     
  1. NA Not applicable
  2. aOnly items in these domain were tested for construct validity