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Table 2 Bivariate analyses of all the variables considered in the study (Data collection January–September 2015)

From: Multimorbidity: can general practitioners identify the health conditions most important to their patients? Results from a national cross-sectional study in Switzerland

   46 groups of conditions (N = 572) 15 chapters of the ICPC-2 (N = 585)
   No Yes p-value No Yes p-value
Patient-related variables
No. of chronic conditions+ 3, N (%) 31 (12) 59 (18.8) 0.06 26 (12.3) 66 (17.7) 0.20
4 or 5 121 (46.9) 125 (39.8) 98 (46.2) 154 (41.3)
6 or more 106 (41.1) 130 (41.4) 88 (41.5) 153 (41)
Age++ Mean, years (SD) 73.1 (12.1) 71.5 (12.3) 0.11 73 (11.5) 71.9 (12.7) 0.28
Sex+ Male, N (%) 117 (45.3) 144 (45.9) 0.93 101 (47.6) 171 (45.8) 0.73
Female 141 (54.7) 170 (54.1) 111 (52.4) 202 (54.2)
Level of education+ Primary school/no diploma, N (%) 43 (16.7) 42 (13.4) 0.28 36 (17) 51 (13.7) 0.82
Secondary school 20 (7.8) 24 (7.6) 16 (7.5) 28 (7.5)
Practical professional training 61 (23.6) 86 (27.4) 56 (26.4) 94 (25.2)
High school or equivalent 33 (12.8) 33 (10.5) 23 (10.8) 45 (12.1)
Vocational school or training 58 (22.5) 92 (29.3) 51 (24.1) 105 (28.2)
Non-university higher education 26 (10.1) 24 (7.6) 17 (8) 33 (8.8)
University 17 (6.6) 13 (4.1) 13 (6.1) 17 (4.6)
No. of MDs involved in patient’s treatment+ 1, N (%) 73 (28.3) 81 (25.8) 0.81 58 (27.4) 98 (26.3) 0.75
2 76 (29.5) 89 (28.3) 57 (26.9) 112 (30)
3 54 (20.9) 75 (23.9) 48 (22.6) 88 (23.6)
4 or more 55 (21.3) 69 (22) 49 (23.1) 75 (20.1)
No. of GP visits in last 12 months++ Mean, N (SD) 12.9 (8.9) 13 (8.7) 0.87 13.2 (9.3) 13.2 (9.2) 0.95
No. of years followed by GP++ Mean, years (SD) 10.9 (7.9) 11.2 (8.5) 0.59 10.4 (7.9) 11.5 (8.4) 0.13
GP-related variables        
Sex+ Male, N (%) 196 (76) 220 (70.1) 0.13 152 (71.7) 271 (72.7) 0.85
Female 62 (24) 94 (29.9) 60 (28.3) 102 (27.3)
No. of years of practice++ Mean, years (SD) 17.3 (9.6) 18 (9.6) 0.42 16.5 (9.5) 18.2 (9.5) 0.03
No. of consultations per week+ ≤ 30 N (%) 2 (0.8) 3 (1) 0.82 1 (0.5) 4 (1.1) 0.59
]30–70] 72 (27.9) 84 (26.8) 60 (28.3) 96 (25.7)
]70–110] 117 (45.3) 148 (47.1) 100 (47.2) 176 (47.2)
]110–170] 59 (22.9) 64 (20.4) 46 (21.7) 79 (21.2)
>  170 8 (3.1) 15 (4.8) 5 (2.4) 18 (4.8)
Practice location+ Urban, N (%) 109 (42.2) 136 (43.3) 0.97 92 (43.4) 157 (42.1) 0.86
Suburban 108 (41.9) 129 (41.1) 85 (40.1) 158 (42.4)
Rural 41 (15.9) 49 (15.6) 35 (16.5) 58 (15.5)
Sub-specialization in psychosocial & psychosomatic medicine No, N (%) 236 (91.5) 294 (93.6) 0.34 198 (93.4) 347 (93) 1.00
Yes 22 (8.5) 20 (6.4) 14 (6.6) 26 (7)
  1. Agreement is positive if one of the two conditions the GP considered as important to the patient belongs to the same category as the condition considered most important by the patient. Otherwise, it is negative. Difference between groups tested using: + Fisher test; ++ t-test; practice location was evaluated using zip codes and data obtained from the Swiss Federal Statistical Office