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Table 2 The association between experience any symptom since diabetes and believe that these symptom is related to diabetes

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Al Kharj diabetic patients’ perception about diabetes mellitus using revised-illness perception questionnaire (IPQ-R)

Symptom Belief symptom is related to diabetes
No Yes χ p
1. 1. Pain Yes 201 (61.1%) 50 (58.8%) 0.146 0.70
No 128 (38.9%) 35 (41.2%)
2. 1. Sore throat Yes 261 (67.3%) 16 (61.5%) 0.361 0.55
No 127 (32.7%) 10 (38.5%)
3. 1. Fatigue Yes 128 (67.4%) 165 (73.7%) 1.97 0.161
No 62 (32.6%) 59 (26.3%)
4. 1. Nausea Yes 176 (50.6%) 48 (72.7%) 10.96 0.001*
No 172 (49.4%) 18 (27.3%)
5. 1. Breathlessness Yes 171 (45.7%) 22 (55.0%) 1.25 0.318
No 203 (54.3%) 18 (45.0%)
6. 1. Weight loss Yes 84 (48.6%) 146 (60.6%) 5.89 0.015*
No 89 (51.4%) 95 (39.4%)
7. 1. Fatigue Yes 128 (67.4%) 165 (73.7%) 1.97 0.161
No 62 (32.6%) 59 (26.3%)
8. 1. Stiff joints Yes 163 (48.2%) 51 (67.1%) 8.86 0.003*
No 175 (51.8%) 25 (32.9%)
9. 1. Sore eyes Yes 156 (45.3%) 40 (57.1%) 3.25 0.072
No 188 (54.7%) 30 (42.9%)
10. 1. Wheeziness Yes 175 (47.4%) 24 (53.3%) 0.561 0.454
No 194 (52.6%) 21 (46.7%)
11. 1. Headaches Yes 149 (60.8%) 108 (63.9%) 0.41 0.524
No 96 (39.2%) 61 (36.1%)
12. 1. Upset stomach Yes 111 (39.9%) 75 (55.1%) 8.55 0.003*
No 167 (60.1%) 61 (44.9%)
13. 1. Sleep difficulties Yes 125 (42.2%) 67 (56.8%) 7.18 0.007*
No 171 (57.8%) 51 (43.2%)
14. 1. Dizziness Yes 50 (36.5%) 168 (60.6%) 21.45 0.000*
No 87 (63.5%) 109 (39.4%)
15. Loss of strength Yes 40 (26.7%) 114 (43.2%) 11.17 0.001*
No 110 (73.3%) 150 (56.8%)