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Table 3 Patients and physicians (or practice) characteristics associations with patients enablement (enablement = NO) in multilevel logistic regressions

From: Coping better with health problems after a visit to the family physician: associations with patients and physicians characteristics

    Model 2 Model 3 (n = 1412)
  n % OR CI 95% OR CI95%
Patientsc’ characteristics
Age (ref > = 60)
  < 60      1.58 [1.03–2.41]
Language area (ref: German)
  French      1.60 [1.04–2.44]
  Italian      0.20 [0.06–0.65]
Longstanding disease (ref. No)
  Yes      1.54 [1.00–2.39]
Perceived health (ref. Very good or good)
  Fair or poor      1.62 [1.04–2.51]
Patient’s own doctor (ref. No)
  Yes      0.51 [0.26–0.98]
Recommend this doctor (ref. No)
  Yes      0.18 [0.08–0.44]
Number of visits in the last 6 months (ref: 0)
  1–4 times      0.37 [0.23–0.62]
  > 4 times      0.64 [0.36–1.13]
Physicians’ characteristics (n = 199)
GP Gender (ref. Male)
  Female 44 22.1 1.22 [0.76–1.96]   
GP Age (ref. < 56)
  > = 56    0.90 [0.60–1.34]
Practice area (ref: Urban)
  Rural area 95 48.2 1.13 [0.75–1.71]
Group practice (ref. No)
  Yes 104 52.3 1.07 [0.71–1.61]
GP as unique activity (ref. No)     
  Yes 67 33.7 1.07 [0.70–1.64]   
Consultation’s length (ref. < 20 min)     -
  > = 20 min    1.03 [0.66–1.60]   
Weekly workload (ref. < 47 h)     
  > = 47 h    0.81 [0.53–1.22]   
Effort reward imbalance exposure (ref. No)
  Yes 70 31.3 0.63 [0.40–0.99] 0.64 [0.41–1.00]
Other paramedical disciplines in the practice (ref. No)
  Yes 25 12.6 1.51 [0.90–2.52]   
Practice Variance*      0.04  
  1. Models 2: Physicians’ characteristics separately adjusted with patients characteristics in final model 1- Model 3: Multivariate final model including patients and physicians characteristics
  2. *Explained variance at the practice level