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Table 2 Patient characteristics associated with enablement (enablement = NO), in multilevel logistic regression

From: Coping better with health problems after a visit to the family physician: associations with patients and physicians characteristics

    Univariate analyses Multivariate analyses (model 1, n = 1428)
  n % OR CI 95% OR CI 95%
Gender (ref Female)
Male 629 43.0 1.39 [0.95–2.03] 1.26 [0.85–1.88]
Age (ref > = 60)
 < 60 736 50.3 1.66 [1.13–2.45] 1.64 [1.06–2.51]
Language area (ref: German)
French 423 28.9 1.89 [1.29–2.77] 1.67 [1.10–2.55]
Italian 183 12.5 0.21 [0.06–0.66] 0.22 [0.07–0.74]
Job status (ref. Employed, retired, student)
Job seeking or invalidity 136 9.3 2.01 [1.18–3.41]
Country of birth (ref: Switzerland)
Other 378 25.8 0.85 [0.54–1.33]
Education level (ref: No qualification)
Upper secondary 754 45.8 1.02 [0.67–1.56]
Post secondary 251 17.1 0.80 [0.44–1.45]
Income around average (ref: Around average)
Below average 207 14.1 1.50 [0.90–2.49] 1.11 [0.64–1.92]
Above average 165 11.3 1.85 [1.10–3.13] 1.80 [1.04–3.12]
Main reason of the visit (ref: Other)      
Ill or did not feeling well 558 38.1 1.00 [0.67–1.47]   
Longstanding disease (ref. No)
Yes 656 44.8 1.47 [1.00–2.16] 1.58 [1.02–2.46]
Perceived health (ref. Very good or good)
Fair or poor 480 32.8 1.73 [1.18–2.55] 1.67 [1.07–2.62]
Patient’s own doctor (ref. No)
Yes 1359 93.7 0.48 [0.26–0.91] 0.57 [0.30–1.11]
Recommend this doctor (ref. No)
Yes 1432 97.9 0.20 [0.08–0.46] 0.21 [0.09–0.50]
Number of visits in the last 6 months (ref: 0)
1–4 times 839 57.3 0.40 [0.25–0.65] 0.37 [0.22–0.61]
  > 4 times 354 24.2 0.80 [0.48–1.34] 0.60 [0.34–1.06]
Practice variance*      0.07  
  1. *Explained variance at the practice level